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From the tank to the limo: the most-most "Cadillacs" of the last hundred years.

All the latest serial and conceptual model of the Cadillac of all the forces trying to demonstrate coolness: in design, technology or simply in size. And so it is natural - because cool cars, in fact, the second name of one of the oldest American brands. "Motor" recalls the six most-most "Cadillac" in the last hundred years.



Cadillac Model K (1908)

What is cool?
High precision and exemplary interchangeability

How much?
Then: $ 800 (at today's prices, adjusted for inflation - $ 19 600). Now: $ 60 000

And if you ... more
In fact, the world's first car built using interchangeable components and parts. Not just a car, and the car, paved the way to mass production.

As it was
29 February 1908, three brand-new Cadillacs of the K-model went on their own from London to the Brooklands race track, where after 10 demonstration circles the cars were rolled into the garage and ... disassembled to the cog. There were three slides on 721 details each. Then all the components (except for a few high-precision parts) were mixed into a pile, from which a team of two mechanics reassembled three cars in two and a half days. It was very cool! Firstly, there were no unnecessary details on the floor, and most importantly - all three "Cadillacs" were started and drove. Such precision in the manufacture of automotive components in the early 20 century has not yet been seen!

Incredibly, ...
The idea of ​​the assembly / disassembly of the three "Cadillac", which has become an event of historic proportions, was born by accident. It was initiated by the head office does not, as a savvy British dealers, trying to attract the attention of buyers to overseas models.

Awards, achievements, words
High-precision and interchangeability of the three "Cadillac" noted Dewar trophy - a reward that with 1906, the British Royal Automobile Club (RAC) handed "car, has demonstrated the most laudable driving characteristics and successfully tested, have a positive impact on the development of the automotive industry as a whole."

Aftermath
Cadillac Guide instantly calculated the benefit from the Event on the route "Brooklands" - the slogan "Global Standard» (The Standard of the World) for many years was the advertising slogan of the brand. The rare case when advertising told the truth.



Cadillac V16 (1930)

What is cool?
a multi-record

How much?
Then, from $ 5 800 (at today's prices, adjusted for inflation - from $ 79 180). Now: $ 150 000 - 500 000

And if more detail ...
The world's first passenger car with 16-cylinder engine. In the era of the Great Depression Cadillac V16 managed to become the most prestigious car of the planet, surpassing even technically "Rolls-Royce" with "Packard" and endured the "Dyuzenberg".

As it was
It is not known to what heights the American automobile industry would have reached, had it not been for the Great Depression. Almost all outstanding cars of the New World debuted either shortly before or during the most difficult period of the history of the United States. Magnificent Cadillac with a motor V16 (7,4 liters, 165 hp) presented 4 January 1930 at the Auto Show in New York. Despite the difficult economic situation, the dashing machine was accepted with enthusiasm. Already by April, buyers paid a thousand cars, by June - two thousand. Given that each 16-cylinder "Cuddy" was only assembled on an individual order, it was cool. True, euphoria quickly passed. Who would have thought that in the first six months will be built the same number of V16, as in the next nine years.

Incredibly, ...
Given the relatively modest total circulation, each instance of a luxurious and doroguschego Cadillac V16 quite logically brought us only losses.

Awards, achievements, words
"New V16 from Cadillac - a real miracle car!», - Popular Mechanics (1930)

Aftermath
The arms race in the motor industry has not gone through extensive. 16-cylinder engine "Cadillac" admired, rather, by the very fact of its existence, rather than engineering refinement. And because the subject of the public role models and did not.



Cadillac M24 Chaffee (1944)

What is cool?
Sturdy armor and fast

How much?
The free market has not entered

And if more detail ...
If you think about it, this car - "Cadillac" of our childhood dreams. It can just simply walk away from the chase through the forest, and if it does not - bang on the persecutors of 75 millimeters caliber gun!

As it was
The most advanced and progressive American tank from the Second World War. Against the background of the wretched "Stayurta" - machines, production of which, by the way, is also engaged in the Cadillac, "Chaffee 'appeared a sports car: elegant, powerful, and most importantly fast.

Incredibly, ...
Thanks to two-liter 5,7 V8 maximum speed "Chaffee" was 56 km / h. This is one of the fastest tracked tanks of its time!

Awards, achievements, words
His name was in honor of M24 American General Edna Chaffee, who is considered the godfather of the entire US tank industry. It Chaffee long before the outbreak of World urged higher army leadership in the pivotal role of armored vehicles in future military conflicts. And he was right.

Aftermath
He became a role model for the next generation of US light tanks. However, their release of "Cadillac" no longer worked.



Cadillac Eldorado (1959)

What is cool?
breadth of scope

How much?
Then: $ 13 075 (at today's prices, adjusted for inflation - from $ 106 200). Now: $ 100 000 - 350 000

And if more detail ...
Car-ordination incredibly bright, but, alas, very short era, known as the "Detroit of Baroque". The car, which happily combines all possible stylistic excesses, invented by man.

As it was
Passion for these very stylistic excesses is a "Cadillac" began in post-war America. At a basic Series 62 1948 appeared the first model year tail fins - as yet timid, like deer horns. Authorship fins attributed to the then chief stylist Harley Earl GM, drew inspiration from the aviation theme. But the main muse of the designer, as is commonly believed, was the heavy fighter P-38 Lightning. Look, compare and, in general, agree ...

Incredibly, ...
The tail fins "Eldorado» 1959 years, developed by designer David Halls, officially considered (and still, perhaps, are considered) the highest and longest in the history of the automotive industry.

Anything else?
"Eldorado" No one style is cool. The top version Brougham free with 2,4 6,4 tons of weight and power-liter V8 345 hp had automatic transmission, air conditioning, air suspension, air conditioning, stereo and even Autronic Eye - the system automatically switch to dipped beam, which worked on the solar cells. In 1959 year!

Awards, achievements, words
"Who will buy" Eldorado "? This is a very simple question. Those who love luxury, comfort, and can afford to ride on the most desirable car of America », - Car Life magazine.



Cadillac Eldorado (1976)

What is cool?
scandalous deceitfulness

How much?
Then $ 12 000 (at today's prices, adjusted for inflation - from $ 50 700). Now $ 15 000 - 75 000

And if more detail ...
The final apotheosis of a new style of American cars, originated in 60-x. At the time of the present day - the last of the great "Cadillacs". And another. It is this machine was to be the last gig of America. But it did not become ...

As it was
In the mid-70's automotive engineers together with marketers seriously hit upon the fact that convertibles are a real threat to the life of the driver and passengers. In a sense, a much greater threat than cars with hardtop. As a result, the release of convertibles began to curtail all American brands, while in 1976-m such a car did not remain only in the range of "Cadillac". This was the trump ace and played it masterfully.

Incredibly, ...

"Have time to buy the last gig of America!". Advertising and drove connoisseurs, collectors and dealers in showrooms "Cadillac". If the first number of units sold "Eldorado" has hovered around 8-9 thousand cars a year, the m-1976 14 thousand were sold. Moreover, many buyers overpaid twice and three times, believing that acquire the latest gigs in the history of the American automobile industry. These will certainly become collectible value, right?

Aftermath
Initially it was. As soon ended the official sale, the prices for Eldorado 1976 year soared three times! However, 1984-m convertible quite unexpectedly returned to the market. Not so dangerous they were, as it seemed. What then began ... A new generation of Eldorado convertible buyers has caused a storm of protests a few years ago, invested in "the last convertible in America." There were no claims and litigation.



Cadillac One (2008)

What is cool?
Choose on taste: armor, guns, tear gas or direct linear relation with the Pentagon

How much?
According to various sources, from the 300 000 1,5 to a million bucks

And if more detail ...
The car, which travels the current president of the United States - just amazing. The thickness of the side doors - about 18-20 centimeters. It is the most armored of all the "Cadillacs" in history. Yes, we believe even more armored than M24 Chaffee sample 1944 years!

As it was
Cadillac One, it is also called The Beast - "Beast", is unique in everything. Firstly, this, by and large, is not the Cadillac at all. Presidential limousines of Bill Clinton and George W. Bush represented a seriously modified, but still constructively recognizable Cadillac DTS. And Barack Obama's wheelbarrow is, first of all, a frame chassis from Chervolet Kodiak truck. On its base often make school buses and garbage collectors, but in this case the "kodiakovskuyu" frame is dressed externally stylized under the "Caddy" armored body made of aluminum, steel and titanium. Such a thing you will not strike, not just from the Kalashnikov, even from a grenade launcher!

Incredibly, ...
In the trunk Cadillac One kept the presidential reserve of blood. Well, just fire.

And what else?
In fact, almost all information about Cadillac One is classified. For example, no one knows for sure the weight of the limousine. According to rumors, its mass varies from 7,5 to 9 tons. No, full of clarity and with the motor. Someone argues that the heart of the "Beast" - a petrol V8, others insist on diesel. The last option, given the high severity and the lower propensity of diesel fuel to ignite, seems most likely. The secret is even the exact number of presidential boards. There is an opinion that the Cadillac One is really one, but there are rumors about the whole garage of 12 identical limousines, which the US president changes from time to time.



Cadillac ST6 (2016)

What is cool?
The most luxurious and technologically advanced "Cadillac" of our day

How much?
From 53 495 2.0 thousand dollars per-turbo and rear-wheel drive

Daniel Mihaylov
motor.ru