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From the tank to the limo: the most-most "Cadillacs" of the last hundred years.

All the latest serial and conceptual model of the Cadillac of all the forces trying to demonstrate coolness: in design, technology or simply in size. And so it is natural - because cool cars, in fact, the second name of one of the oldest American brands. "Motor" recalls the six most-most "Cadillac" in the last hundred years.



Cadillac Model K (1908)

What is cool?
High precision and exemplary interchangeability

How much?
Then: $ 800 (at today's prices, adjusted for inflation - $ 19 600). Now: $ 60 000

And if you ... more
In fact, the world's first car built using interchangeable components and parts. Not just a car, and the car, paved the way to mass production.

As it was
February 29 1908, the three new "Cadillac" K models under its own power went from London to the race track "Brooklands", where after 10 demonstration laps the car rolled into the garage and ... dismantled to screw. We get three hills on the details of each 721. Then all the ingredients (except for a few high-precision parts) were mixed together, from which a team of two mechanics for two and a half days to reassemble three cars. It was very cool! Firstly, on the floor no more spare parts, and most importantly - all three "Cadillac" of the plant and went. A similar precision in the manufacture of automotive components in the early 20 century have not seen!

Incredibly, ...
The idea of ​​the assembly / disassembly of the three "Cadillac", which has become an event of historic proportions, was born by accident. It was initiated by the head office does not, as a savvy British dealers, trying to attract the attention of buyers to overseas models.

Awards, achievements, words
High-precision and interchangeability of the three "Cadillac" noted Dewar trophy - a reward that with 1906, the British Royal Automobile Club (RAC) handed "car, has demonstrated the most laudable driving characteristics and successfully tested, have a positive impact on the development of the automotive industry as a whole."

Aftermath
Cadillac Guide instantly calculated the benefit from the Event on the route "Brooklands" - the slogan "Global Standard» (The Standard of the World) for many years was the advertising slogan of the brand. The rare case when advertising told the truth.



Cadillac V16 (1930)

What is cool?
a multi-record

How much?
Then, from $ 5 800 (at today's prices, adjusted for inflation - from $ 79 180). Now: $ 150 000 - 500 000

And if more detail ...
The world's first passenger car with 16-cylinder engine. In the era of the Great Depression Cadillac V16 managed to become the most prestigious car of the planet, surpassing even technically "Rolls-Royce" with "Packard" and endured the "Dyuzenberg".

As it was
It is unknown to what heights would get the American automotive industry, if not the Great Depression. Almost all of the outstanding cars of the New World made its debut either shortly before or during a difficult period of United States history. Great Cadillac with V16 engine (liters 7,4, 165 hp) January 4 1930 presented at the motor show in New York. Despite the difficult economic situation, the car took dorogushchuju enthusiastically. By April, the buyer will pay a thousand cars by June - two thousand. Given that each 16-cylinder "Cuddy" intended only for individual orders, it was cool. However, the euphoria quickly passed. Who would have thought that the same V16 will be built in the first six months, how many and for the next nine years.

Incredibly, ...
Given the relatively modest total circulation, each instance of a luxurious and doroguschego Cadillac V16 quite logically brought us only losses.

Awards, achievements, words
"New V16 from Cadillac - a real miracle car!», - Popular Mechanics (1930)

Aftermath
The arms race in the motor industry has not gone through extensive. 16-cylinder engine "Cadillac" admired, rather, by the very fact of its existence, rather than engineering refinement. And because the subject of the public role models and did not.



Cadillac M24 Chaffee (1944)

What is cool?
Sturdy armor and fast

How much?
The free market has not entered

And if more detail ...
If you think about it, this car - "Cadillac" of our childhood dreams. It can just simply walk away from the chase through the forest, and if it does not - bang on the persecutors of 75 millimeters caliber gun!

As it was
The most advanced and progressive American tank from the Second World War. Against the background of the wretched "Stayurta" - machines, production of which, by the way, is also engaged in the Cadillac, "Chaffee 'appeared a sports car: elegant, powerful, and most importantly fast.

Incredibly, ...
Thanks to two-liter 5,7 V8 maximum speed "Chaffee" was 56 km / h. This is one of the fastest tracked tanks of its time!

Awards, achievements, words
His name was in honor of M24 American General Edna Chaffee, who is considered the godfather of the entire US tank industry. It Chaffee long before the outbreak of World urged higher army leadership in the pivotal role of armored vehicles in future military conflicts. And he was right.

Aftermath
He became a role model for the next generation of US light tanks. However, their release of "Cadillac" no longer worked.



Cadillac Eldorado (1959)

What is cool?
breadth of scope

How much?
Then: $ 13 075 (at today's prices, adjusted for inflation - from $ 106 200). Now: $ 100 000 - 350 000

And if more detail ...
Car-ordination incredibly bright, but, alas, very short era, known as the "Detroit of Baroque". The car, which happily combines all possible stylistic excesses, invented by man.

As it was
Passion for these very stylistic excesses is a "Cadillac" began in post-war America. At a basic Series 62 1948 appeared the first model year tail fins - as yet timid, like deer horns. Authorship fins attributed to the then chief stylist Harley Earl GM, drew inspiration from the aviation theme. But the main muse of the designer, as is commonly believed, was the heavy fighter P-38 Lightning. Look, compare and, in general, agree ...

Incredibly, ...
The tail fins "Eldorado» 1959 years, developed by designer David Halls, officially considered (and still, perhaps, are considered) the highest and longest in the history of the automotive industry.

Anything else?
"Eldorado" No one style is cool. The top version Brougham free with 2,4 6,4 tons of weight and power-liter V8 345 hp had automatic transmission, air conditioning, air suspension, air conditioning, stereo and even Autronic Eye - the system automatically switch to dipped beam, which worked on the solar cells. In 1959 year!

Awards, achievements, words
"Who will buy" Eldorado "? This is a very simple question. Those who love luxury, comfort, and can afford to ride on the most desirable car of America », - Car Life magazine.



Cadillac Eldorado (1976)

What is cool?
scandalous deceitfulness

How much?
Then $ 12 000 (at today's prices, adjusted for inflation - from $ 50 700). Now $ 15 000 - 75 000

And if more detail ...
The final apotheosis of a new style of American cars, originated in 60-x. At the time of the present day - the last of the great "Cadillacs". And another. It is this machine was to be the last gig of America. But it did not become ...

As it was
In the mid-70's automotive engineers together with marketers seriously hit upon the fact that convertibles are a real threat to the life of the driver and passengers. In a sense, a much greater threat than cars with hardtop. As a result, the release of convertibles began to curtail all American brands, while in 1976-m such a car did not remain only in the range of "Cadillac". This was the trump ace and played it masterfully.

Incredibly, ...

"Have time to buy the last gig of America!". Advertising and drove connoisseurs, collectors and dealers in showrooms "Cadillac". If the first number of units sold "Eldorado" has hovered around 8-9 thousand cars a year, the m-1976 14 thousand were sold. Moreover, many buyers overpaid twice and three times, believing that acquire the latest gigs in the history of the American automobile industry. These will certainly become collectible value, right?

Aftermath
Initially it was. As soon ended the official sale, the prices for Eldorado 1976 year soared three times! However, 1984-m convertible quite unexpectedly returned to the market. Not so dangerous they were, as it seemed. What then began ... A new generation of Eldorado convertible buyers has caused a storm of protests a few years ago, invested in "the last convertible in America." There were no claims and litigation.



Cadillac One (2008)

What is cool?
Choose on taste: armor, guns, tear gas or direct linear relation with the Pentagon

How much?
According to various sources, from the 300 000 1,5 to a million bucks

And if more detail ...
The car, which travels the current president of the United States - just amazing. The thickness of the side doors - about 18-20 centimeters. It is the most armored of all the "Cadillacs" in history. Yes, we believe even more armored than M24 Chaffee sample 1944 years!

As it was
Cadillac One, it is called The Beast - «The Beast", is unique in every way. Firstly, it is, by and large, and not the "Cadillac" at all. Presidential Limousine Bill Clinton and George W. Bush were even seriously modified, but still structurally recognizable Cadillac DTS. A wheelbarrow Barack Obama - is, first of all, frame chassis of the truck Chervolet Kodiak. At its base often makes school buses and musorosobrschiki, but in this case, "kodiakovskuyu" frame clad externally stylized "Caddy" armored body made of aluminum, steel and titanium. This can not break through not that of the "Kalashnikov" - even a grenade launcher!

Incredibly, ...
In the trunk Cadillac One kept the presidential reserve of blood. Well, just fire.

And what else?
In fact, almost all the information about Cadillac One secret. For example, no one knows for sure not the weight of the limousine. According to rumors, his weight fluctuates by up to 7,5 9 tons. No, complete clarity and with a motor. Someone says that the heart of the "Beast" - petrol V8, others insist on diesel. The latter option, given the large and high-torque diesel less likely to catch fire, it seems most likely. The secret yavlyavetsya even the exact number of presidential boards. It is believed that Sadillac One really one, but there are rumors about a whole garage of 12 identical limousines, which US President from time to time changes.



Cadillac ST6 (2016)

What is cool?
The most luxurious and technologically advanced "Cadillac" of our day

How much?
From 53 495 2.0 thousand dollars per-turbo and rear-wheel drive

Daniel Mihaylov
motor.ru