Средиземноморской диеты в Средиземноморье больше нет. Это следует из доклада «Детское ожирение» Всемирной организации здравоохранения (ВОЗ). Кипр занял первое место в Европе с 43% детей с лишним весом. Показатели Испании, Италии и Греции — 42% мальчиков и от 38 до 41% девочек. Наименьшее число толстых детей живет в Таджикистане (5% мальчиков и 9% девочек) и Туркмении (по 11%), которые ВОЗ относит к европейскому региону. В исследовании приняли участие 300 000 детей в возрасте от шести до девяти лет. Даты его проведения — 2015-2017 гг.
The Mediterranean diet for children in the Mediterranean countries has died, - concluded the head of the WHO European Office for the Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases Joao Breda. - We need to reanimate it. The closest thing now to the Mediterranean diet is Swedish children.
The main factors leading to weight gain are sweet, salty and fatty foods plus a lack of exercise. Fast food replaces fruits, vegetables, fish and olive oil. Almost half of the children in Southern Europe eat hamburgers, snacking sweets and drinking with cola. And they practically do not move.
In the 60-ies, a resident of Crete needed 3500 calories to climb the mountain and come down from it, - nostalgic Bred.
In addition to Tajikistan and Turkmenistan, relatively good things are in Kazakhstan, France, Norway, Ireland, Latvia and Denmark. The UK authorities did not provide data. Instead, The Guardian reported that every third child suffers from overweight or obesity when he leaves primary school at the age of 11.
The World Health Organization's recommendations on the prevention and control of obesity emphasize the need for coordinated action by various agencies, agencies, communities, the media and the private sector to ensure the effective and sustainable use of a balanced diet and maintain the necessary level of physical activity.
In March, the Government of the Republic of Cyprus approved the proposal of the Ministry of Agriculture to implement a school program for the free distribution of fruits, vegetables and milk in kindergartens and primary schools. The annual budget of the project is 870 000 euro, of which 790 000 euro is allocated by the European Union. The program is part of a six-year national strategy until 2023.
Recall that in December 2013, the Mediterranean diet was included by UNESCO in the list of the intangible cultural heritage of mankind. This was reported by the press service of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus. It is noteworthy that it was Cyprus who took the decision to announce the decision, although Croatia, Greece, Italy, Morocco, Portugal and Spain applied for it.
These countries, as it follows from the application, understand by "Mediterranean diet" is not at all what immediately comes to mind to those who want to immediately lose weight or extend their lives, "having moved" from fast food to salads with olive oil and fish.
In the representation of the countries of the region, the "diet" (from the Greek word δίαιτα, one of the meanings of which is "lifestyle") is a whole set of skills, knowledge, rituals, symbols and traditions that cover the main spheres of life of the Mediterranean population, including growing crops, fishing, livestock breeding, food preparation, cooking and sharing meals.
As a unique way of life for a given region and climate, the Mediterranean diet or way of life is also reflected in various cultural events, festivals and festivals dedicated to it, "the official statement of UNESCO said. - It is characterized by manifestations of mutual respect, hospitality, good-neighborliness and intercultural dialogue.
Each country that submitted an application to UNESCO chose its own community, which will represent the local way of life, traditions and cuisine, united by the notion of "Mediterranean diet".
In Cyprus it is the village of Agros, in Croatia - the islands of Brač and Hvar, in Spain - the province of Soria, in Greece - the city of Koroni on the coast of the Mediniacos Bay, in Italy - in the province of Cilento in the province of Salerno, in Morocco - Tetuan, in Portugal - the port of Tavira.