The UN Security Council on Thursday unanimously extended the mandate of the peacekeeping forces stationed in Cyprus, which for more than 40 years has remained divided between the Greek Cypriots and the Turkish Cypriots.
In accordance with the adopted resolution of the UN Security Council, the mandate of the forces was extended until 31 January 2019. The Security Council also asks the UN Secretary General to submit a report on the progress in the settlement of the conflict to 10 January 2019.
The last round of negotiations on Cyprus under the aegis of the UN was held in Crans-Montana from 28 June on 7 July 2017 and ended in failure. UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said that there are significant differences between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot sides on a number of issues that make the conclusion of the agreement impossible.
In April of this year, Cyprus Foreign Minister Nikos Christodulidis, after talks with his Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov, said that Nicosia was ready to resume negotiations on the Cyprus issue, and asked Moscow to help in this.
Cyprus is de facto divided from the 1974 year after the military invasion of Turkey, which was the response to an attempted coup d'état in Cyprus with the participation of the Greek military. Turkish forces on the night of 21 July 1974 year invaded the north of Cyprus and occupied 37% of the country.
In 1983, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which only Turkey recognized, was proclaimed in the occupied territories. Negotiations on the reunification of Cyprus resumed in February 2014 year after a two-year hiatus.
Among the most difficult issues are the withdrawal of the occupation forces and the cancellation of the guarantee system for Cyprus. Turkey categorically disagrees with the demand for the withdrawal of its troops and does not intend to give up the right to interfere in the internal affairs of Cyprus.