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"Friends of Putin" managed to unscrew the hands of Europe

"Friends of Putin" managed to unscrew the hands of Europe

29 2018 June LJ cover – «Друзьям Путина» удалось выкрутить руки Европе
Tags: EU, Politics, Analytics, Migration, Refugees, Europe

The chairman of the new Italian government of "friends of Putin" Giuseppe Conte blasted the EU summit with his "anti-system diplomacy". "Conte dropped the bomb at the summit," "took the whole summit hostage" - in this way the press describes the behavior of the prime minister of Italy. Why did he behave this way and what did he achieve?

Джузеппе Конте, глава кабмина Италии (того самого, который прозвали правительством «друзей Путина»), стал главным героем своего первого саммита Евросоюза. Именно благодаря ему в ходе мероприятия в пятницу страны ЕС достигли договоренности по вопросам миграции.

Переговоры были непростыми: они длились почти 12 часов, о чем написал в Twitter глава Евросовета Дональд Туск. Камнем преткновения стал именно миграционный вопрос. Европейцы никак не могли прийти к консенсусу, соглашение по миграции несколько раз переписывалось. В результате они хотели принять итоговую декларацию саммита без упоминания миграционного вопроса.

Но этому помешал новичок европейского форума. «Конте сбросил бомбу на саммит», – отметил EUobserver со ссылкой на одного из евродипломатов. «Европейские лидеры почувствовали горький вкус антисистемной дипломатии», – подчеркнул портал EURACTIV, напоминая о том, что Конте возглавляет коалиционное правительство двух партий – «Лиги» и «Пяти звезд», которые считают внесистемными и евроскептическими. Издание добавило, что итальянский премьер «взял целый саммит в заложники».

Conte said that if an agreement on the migration issue was not reached, he would veto the final resolution of the summit, which would torpedo all the results of the event. EURACTIV suggested that this behavior was inspired by the president of the United States Donald Trump, to a meeting with which he will soon leave and who recently blocked the final conclusion of the whole summit of the Group of Seven.

Be that as it may, the tough position of the Italian has borne fruit. As a result, the participants were forced to return to the discussion of the topic of migration, which lasted until about five o'clock in the morning. And a compromise was found after all.

Напомним, иммиграционный кризис бушует в Европе уже не первый год. Пик кризиса пришелся на 2015 год, когда в Европу въехало около 1,2 млн мигрантов. При этом больше всех пострадали Италия и Греция, которые в силу географического положения стали для беженцев своего рода «воротами в Европу». В этом году ситуация вновь начала обостряться из-за погодных явлений. Высокая температура побуждает тысячи мигрантов из Африки и с Ближнего Востока прорываться в Европу. По данным Международной организации по миграции, с начала года в Европу прибыли 194 611 человек.

What did the leaders of the EU countries finally agree on? First of all, in Brussels they realized the importance of the agreement of the European Union and Turkey on the migration of 2016, which actually saved Europe from the disaster, but more than once was on the verge of failure. Following the results of the summit, it was decided that Turkey will be allocated a second tranche of 3 billion euros for its assistance in the refugees and cooperation will continue.

In addition, Europeans are committed to reaching similar agreements with African countries. EU leaders intend to agree on the creation of a platform for them in the depots - camps for refugees, which will prevent their illegal departure to Europe.

Завотделом европейских политических исследований ИМЭМО РАН Надежда Арбатова позитивно оценила такое рвение европейских лидеров решать вопросы с нелегальной миграцией на дальних подступах. «В Нигере в свое время был создан такой центр. И это правильное направление. ЕС не может переварить миграционные потоки. Это не только финансовая нагрузка, но это вызывает недовольство граждан, провоцирует рост популизма, то есть возникает угроза самому европейскому проекту», – заявила она газете ВЗГЛЯД.

Вот только проблема в том, что сами африканские страны пока не слишком-то настроены спасать ЕС созданием подобных платформ. Например, Марокко в четверг отвергло подобную идею. Кроме того, как писала газета ВЗГЛЯД, ровно год назад европейцы решили, что уже практически достигли похожего соглашения с Ливией, однако их радости оказались преждевременными.

One of the most significant outcomes of the summit was the rejection of the Dublin agreement that migrants can apply for a residence permit in the first country they enter after an illegal crossing of the border, Arbatova said. "For the countries of the southern periphery, this is a matter of life and death. After all, it was Italy, Malta and Greece that took the brunt of it, "she said.

And this can be attributed to another major achievement of Giuseppe Conte, because it was Rome who was the main lobbyist of this decision. Italians have tried to promote this issue for many years, but it was only possible for the current government. As the Prime Minister himself stressed, "the main principle is recognized: anyone arriving in Italy comes to Europe". And this is exactly what for which Conte almost torpedoed the entire summit.

At the same time, many of the rest of the EU countries, especially such as Poland and Hungary, are not too happy with this decision, because they did everything they could to avoid receiving the migrants and opposed collective responsibility for it. However, for them there was some consolation: at the summit, in fact, the quotas for the EU states for the resettlement of refugees were abandoned - precisely what they wanted so much. Countries will now accept immigrants on a voluntary basis. And for these purposes on the territory of the members of the "united Europe" will create migration centers. As French President Emmanuel Macron pointed out, as part of the broader concept of "responsibility and solidarity."

But only the quotas were originally invented precisely because the countries of the "united Europe" voluntarily shared the burden with the same Italy and Greece and refused to accept a part of the refugees. Yes, and they quietly boycotted the quota. What will cause them to show goodwill now, remains a mystery.

The decision to create such camps was very important for German Chancellor Angela Merkel. "An important issue is that those migrants who have reached the EU countries are not simply left to their own devices, do not scatter around the whole territory, but are kept in special centers while the issue of their future fate is being decided," Arbatova stressed. That is, the countries in whose territory such centers are located should control the movements of migrants there.

For Merkel this issue was important because within the country she is under tremendous pressure from partners in the ruling coalition on this issue. One of the key ministers, the head of the German Interior Ministry Horst Seehofer, in general, threatened her with the collapse of the ruling coalition if she did not solve the problem of the entry of illegal migrants into the country.

Также был определен порядок оказания помощи беженцам, терпящим бедствие в Сицилийском проливе. Как передает ТАСС, Конте отметил, что «операции (по спасению) теперь опираются на принцип разделения ответственности и будут координироваться странами совместно». «Все корабли должны уважать законы и не вмешиваться в операции ливийской службы береговой охраны, главным образом корабли неправительственных организаций», – сказал Конте.

The outcome document also contains an obligation to fund a fund for assistance to African countries, from where the majority of migrants arriving in Italy originate. Financing this fund was also one of Rome's requirements for the EU. "After this meeting (European Council), Europe is stronger and more solid," the Italian prime minister said.

Thus, the main beneficiary of the agreement can be considered exactly Conte. Nevertheless, as noted above, the rest of the countries also received their consolation prize. In this regard, Emmanuel Macron hastened to call the agreement reached a "European solution" to the migration crisis. The statement, to put it bluntly, is too loud. Despite a number of shifts in the migration problem after the summit, the main bonuses it gave to individual countries and leaders. As for the "united Europe" as a whole, everything is not so unambiguous.

The deputy of the German Bundestag Valdemar Gerdt ("Alternative for Germany") believes that the results of the summit are more formal. "At the moment of execution of these decisions, we will return to the old position. Purely media it was the right step to give still time to find not a compromise, but really the right decision. This is just a postponement of the problem, "Gerdt told VZGLYAD.

"The problem has to be solved radically. It's actually not in Europe, but in countries where the flows of refugees come from, "Gerdt said. "There it is necessary to implement programs that would allow people to stay on their land. One euro spent in the same Iraq or in Africa has an 20-fold effect. It would be worth thinking about creating training centers on the ground, an infrastructure that allows people to work, "the deputy believes.

In addition, the politician urged, not in words, but in practice to strengthen the European borders, so that they cease to be an open window for all comers. "There are no borders - there is no state. We can make many decisions, but if this problem is not resolved, then the refugees will go. The need will drive them here in the millions. This is a very serious test for Europe and the whole of civilization, "- concluded Gerdt.

Andrei Rezchikov, Nikita Kovalenko, Yana Belousova
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