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Why you can not insult "Power"

Why you can not insult "Power"

6 2018 June LJ cover – Почему нельзя оскорблять «Власть»
Tags: Russia, Power, Putin, Politics, Media, Laws, Analytics

The appeal to introduce responsibility of the media for insulting high-ranking officials, which Vladimir Zhirinovsky made at the meeting of the State Duma, found a response from the head of the lower house of Vyacheslav Volodin - the speaker instructed to study European legislation on this topic. Do we need to adopt a separate law on the protection of the honor and dignity of the president and what exactly will he guard?

Vladimir Zhirinovsky listened to the "Echo of Moscow" and shared his indignation with colleagues in the parliament:

"Our press is the freest. I'm not calling for restraint. But to ask at least to take offensive, defamatory character ... We do not ask to impose restrictions, but insults to high officials - this is something that no person on earth does on ours, even McCain performs less sharply ... It is necessary to check this radio station, why it takes such a position for many years. "

Speaker of the State Duma Vyacheslav Volodin reacted to Zhirinovsky's words with a proposal to study the question:

"What is Vladimir Volfovich's right is that these issues require a legislative settlement ... We are members of the Council of Europe, it would be right to see how these issues are resolved at the legislative level within the framework of European states, perhaps we will find answers to these questions . I have already drawn attention to the fact that, for example, in Germany this is all quite clearly legally decided ... It can be considered as a model legislation for our country. These issues require legislative regulation, let's first study them. "

Volodin instructed the head of the State Duma Committee on International Affairs Leonid Slutsky to analyze European legislation in this area and a week later to tell the deputies about it. Although in fact this topic is not new, now it can get its development.

The question of protecting representatives of higher power from insults has been raised in Russia for a long time - and although sometimes they speak about officials in general, basically

discusses the issue of insults to the first person.

In 2016, State Duma deputy Roman Khudyakov even drafted a bill "On the protection of the honor and dignity of the Russian president", taking as a model the law on the protection of honor and dignity of the president of the Soviet Union, which was adopted a year before the collapse of the USSR.

Khudyakov then explained this by the fact that, although there is article 319 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation "Insulting a representative of power" (providing for up to one year of correctional labor), it is necessary to introduce a separate article protecting not the people, but the institution - the presidency as such. With a more severe punishment, perhaps as a Soviet one, where up to three years of imprisonment were envisaged for "damaging the honor and dignity of the president of the USSR", and using the media - up to six.

Then Khudyakov's initiative had no continuation - soon the elections to the State Duma were due. But at the beginning of 2017 the new speaker of the State Duma Volodin at a meeting with students supported the very idea of ​​such a law:

"All international experience shows that such laws are not just necessary, they are everywhere. The president, after he is elected, heads the institute, the institution of the presidency. All institutions are protected, but it so happened that in Russia this issue is not regulated by law. "

The Kremlin then replied that "the issue needs to be worked out," including studying international experience. "

But after that there was no movement.

But a month and a half ago, information was even thrown about the fact that the draft law "On Protection of the Honor and Dignity of the President of the Russian Federation" was being developed in the State Duma - allegedly it provided for criminal responsibility for insulting the president for a term of three to six years (that is, those same Soviet figures) . It is clear that it was a duck - but for her joyfully seized by those who are already ready about and without reason to insult Vladimir Putin. After all, for them, it is "understandable" that the Kremlin is preparing another repressive law. "Because in the country a dictatorship, lawlessness and totalitarianism, elections are not real, and the regime is bloody."

Meanwhile, for such statements it is easy to get a term - but not in Russia, but in the same Germany where it is forbidden to declare the undemocratic or illegitimate nature of the FRG. That is, the German state defends itself - and ours?

Arguments of opponents of a separate law on the protection of the honor and dignity of the president are known - this is the way to censorship, reprisals against dissidents, persecution of the opposition. "Well, now, and caricatures of Putin can not be drawn? And to joke about him? And what about the former presidents - they too can not be ridiculed and criticized? "

In fact, it is a completely different matter - it is necessary to protect not the individual, but the institution of power, that is, the state itself. And protection is not from ridicule or criticism - but from slander and deliberate discredit. It's not about Vladimir Putin, but in the place he takes. In fact, the president is one of the symbols of Russia, like the flag and the coat of arms. The president can be criticized, scolded, not respected, demanded his resignation - but you can not sulk and insult Russia. And if we believe that the head of state symbolizes our state - then there should be a ban on his insult.

And the reference to foreign experience here is absolutely not necessary - that is, it can be interesting and important, but in no way is a guide to action. Because the main and only motive should be how we treat our country and ourselves. References to the fact that in Germany, for insulting constitutional authorities, including the president, you can get from three months to five years, that in Turkey, not only insult to the president, but also the father-founder of the Atatürk Republic, is punishable criminally in Turkey, that in Belarus and Kazakhstan has separate articles of the Criminal Code on this topic - are interesting, but not more than that.

"If people allow themselves to speak about our leader in extreme obscene language, discrediting his honor, dignity and good name, then they do not respect the people and our statehood" – так говорилось в обращении, которое появилось на сайте Общественной российской инициативы три года назад. Тогда его не поддержало и три сотни человек – а против выступило в пять раз больше. Но проблема в том, что дело тут не в «лидере» и не в Путине – дело в институте власти. То есть в государстве.

Unfortunately, many of us still share the state and power. And even more often - put an equal sign between power as an institution and power as a combination of officials and deputies. Because of this, Russia remains extremely vulnerable to turmoil - because it mixes completely different things and divides the inseparable. Power is not people, it is the framework on which the state holds. People in power can be all like on the selection of bad - but even in this case it is not an excuse to destroy, physically or informally, power as such. Because by doing so we are breaking our own state. Yes, your own - and this is the second common mistake.

Power and the state are one and the same. Moreover, the people and the state are one and the same. The state in our case is a form of the existence of the Russian people. That is, the people and power are inseparable - and when the disintegrators promote the thesis of the "occupation power", they perfectly understand what they are doing. The discrediting of power leads to the loosening of the state, and the shattered state is easier to collapse - that is, to destroy.

Even in the 90-ies, when during the turmoil and the collapse of a large country as a result of negative selection, many crooks and criminals climbed to the top, the power remained what held the country. Yes, many personalities in power directly discredited it, yes, they largely could not cope with their duties to manage it - but even in such a Yeltsin kind of power worked for the country. And even more so today - when the same Putin not only defends the country's national interests in the world, but also conducts an informed cadre policy on the formation of a nationally oriented, serving government, national elite.

And he leads it as the president of Russia - that is, as the head of the central institute of power of our country. It is necessary to defend not Putin, but the presidential power as such. Because they do not hit Putin, they aim and get to Russia.

Peter Akopov
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