Through the pages of the book "a legendary island" Publisher «Yianel», 2007 - 316 with.
Tens of millions of years ago Cyprus was a small part of the deep ocean floor. His appearance at the light at the end of what has happened somewhere Cretaceous era, when at the future site of the island faced two tectonic plates, earth and ocean. Contrary to custom, the first not bend under a second, but it would proppant, pulled down over the top edge. That's when the sea surface and climbed the Troodos mountain range, the highest point of which - Mount Olympus - today reaches 1952 meters above sea level. Here, according to geologists, in encyclopedic sequence presents all the stone chronicle of the Earth.
Fertile soil Troodos combined with a unique microclimate and abundant rainfall have created a great variety of flora. In the Troodos Mountains all thoroughly: a gloomy pine forest, rhododendron thickets and prickly juniper, murmuring brooks, dark green moss and rushing hundreds of splashing waterfalls. Under the canopy of black pine flashes bright crimson leafless orchid. In the mountain valleys huddle alder, cedar and eastern sycamore. Vast areas of steep slopes captured endemic golden oak. In the most humid places spread strawberry trees with yellowish-pink fruits and glossy shiny trunks, stone roses and myrtle tree. Lowlands buried in pink and purple flowering peonies, eastern slopes wafted the scent of wild lavender. In cold climates, the Troodos maturing cherry and plum, and on the gentle slopes of the mountains adorn the olive groves and lush vineyards.
Abundant wildlife - this is also the Troodos. Here dance motley multicolored butterflies, many endemic lizards, lizards and chameleons, snakes and hedgehogs, foxes and hares and sea birds discordant. In mountain streams are found freshwater crabs and frogs, almost disappeared during the struggle against malaria. But the pride of these places is considered to be the Cypriot mouflon, living in these parts since Neolithic times. The image of the elegant cloven-hoofed like the wind rushing through the mountains, and covered with today in the Red Book, Cyprus Airways chose as their emblem, and a winged symbol of Cyprus - mouflon - proudly emblazoned on plowing heavenly space ships.
Along a narrow mountain path, slowly, lagging a little donkey with a large armful of firewood on his back and two full baskets accompanied affable villager. Impossible to imagine a more colorful picture so clearly characterizes the traditional way of local village life. "Gayduraki" - so called in Greek this cute long-eared animal, with sad eyes and long eyelashes, which is reputed favorite of kids and still serves as an indispensable assistant veteran mountain of Cyprus, and therefore a kind of symbol of the island.
Long before the Trojan War, Cyprus became a major center of the Mediterranean copper ore. Mined ore in its bowels then turned to the only strategic metal, used to make everything: weapons for battle and battle armor, tools and ornaments, lights and ritual sacrificial vessels. Cypriot copper served craftsmen state Sumer, Babylon archers, masons, Upper and Lower Egypt, Crete engineers, navigators Mykonos horsemen of Alexander the Great, the Athenian aristocracy and the Roman plebs. And Achaeans and Phoenicians, Assyrians and Persians, Byzantines and Arabs. Copper deposits were so significant, and stocks are so great that the development of ore bodies continued until the middle of the XX century. In other words, about five thousand years! Such analogies in history was not.
In all corners of Toodosa scattered picturesque mountain villages where white houses with red tile molded one above the other. Next to them are buried in lush greenery, flowering scented roses, luxury villas. Among the numerous villages, whose age is estimated at times centuries, the most fascinating in its beauty is considered high-Platres, lying on the southern slopes of the Troodos Mountains in 45 kilometers from Nicosia.
In the first half of the XX century, this wonderful resort is a huge success. In those days, it was a staple British administration, sultans and sheiks, successful entrepreneurs and millionaires of Alexandria and Egypt, Israel and Lebanon. Their impressions of the beauty of the mountain landscape reflected in their works the Greek poet and Nobel laureate Giorgos Seferis. It is in English novelist Platrase Daphne Du Maurier wrote his famous novel "Rebecca" and the famous French poet Arthur Rimbaud, outcast by society, in the mountains of Cyprus took refuge his tormented soul. Today cozy hotels platres located away from the hustle and heat of summer, give all people an amazing coolness and peace.
In July and August, when the monotone singing cicadas, and sizzling heat covers gray-yellow colors low hills plains in Platrase please the eye flows silvery waterfalls, jets disintegrate into millions of splashes, sparkling in the sun, framed by lush greenery, overgrown with vines and ivy . In the Troodos mountain range mountains a lot of them: Caledonia, Hunter Mountains, Millomeris, Mesopotamos Adonis waterfalls and green valleys and others. One of the most picturesque waterfall considered Caledonia, located in a national forest park on the river Krios Potamos, which means "Cold River". His name he received at the end of XIX century. One of the native Scots waterfall recalled from childhood places Caledonia. History has not preserved the name of the traveler, but the name stuck. Waterfall is at an altitude of 1330 meters above sea level to the north of the village of Pano Platres.
Its streams of water falling from a height 13-meters.
Waterfall Millomeris, overthrows their water 20-meter height, is located near the village of Kato Platres. He is considered the highest in Cyprus. According to one version, the name comes from the combination of two Greek words: "millos" and "Marys", which means - raw place to another, from the word mill (millos), which was once in its vicinity. Among high waterfall and also include Green Valley, located near the village of Trimiklini.
Waterfall Mesopotamos (Mesopotamia) is perched on the river Arkolahanias northwest of the village near the ancient Saitas monastery consecrated name of John the Baptist. Water, overcoming rocky rapids, falls from E 7-meter height first one boulder, then another, so it is often referred to as a double.
The noisiest waterfall Troodos Hunter Mountains (translated as "the sound of water"), located north of the village on the river Feeney, often called Trooditissa, also known as Diplo and Potamos, in the Russian version - "double the river." The waterfall is not more than eight meters.
Adonis waterfall found refuge near the village of Kamares. It flows swiftly flee to the deepest lake in the vicinity of which, according to legend, she met her beloved goddess of love and beauty, Aphrodite.
Cyprus ancient bridges scattered everywhere. Many of them are still in use, others have joined the abandoned road, and others - just arch over anything and lead to nowhere. Some cross small streams or long parched riverbed, recalling that when they were built, rivers were significantly affluent. Most ancient bridges - Lusignan - today more 500 years. These are the picturesque ruins of an ancient bridge in Kitty, a bridge to the west of the old road to Maloundy Nicosia - Mitsero, which is still used, Skarfos built on Lusignan road between Polis and Pafasom. Today the river bed, which was erected over the bridge, took the side.
Venetian bridges on the island is much more, and they look quite romantic. Created them to move entire camel caravans that are delivered from Troodos to Paphos copper ore. Three of them are on the southern edge of Paphos Forest on a bumpy dirt road. This bridge Elealeh west of Fini and Kelafos Rudias where cool water flows all year round. Preserved three-arch bridge Ana Peristerona Nicosia and under a small bridge in Kalopanayotis nestled above the dam, and many others.
During the winter months the top of the Troodos mountains covered with snow, causing indescribable delight all island residents, young and old, and especially fans of mountain-skiing. After downhill skiing, sledding or snowboard fans thrills throughout the forty minutes can move to the quiet sea beaches to swim in the warm waters of the Mediterranean. After the water temperature off the coast of Cyprus never drops below 17 degrees Celsius.