Every year in spring Cyprus is under the influence of sandstorms. But if you had a cloud of dust covered the island on two or three days, in recent years, it happens that they are "trapped" in the week. What is a dust storm, the impact it has on our body and what to do to people suffering from allergies when their city once again is "yellow smog"?
1. What is a dust storm?
Dust storm in Cyprus - an annual atmospheric phenomenon that occurs due to the wind, appearing due to convection air currents huge forces generated intense heating of the land.
2. Where are the dust storms in Cyprus?
Cyprus is situated in the neighborhood of deserts in West Asia and North Africa. It was there, under the influence of meteorological factors such as wind speed and direction, form dust clouds that spread their negative impact on the eastern Mediterranean.
3. When there are dust storms?
the wind usually comes from February to June, bringing dust yellow or reddish. It covers a thin layer of virtually the entire island. According to some reports, in recent years the number of sandstorms in the year increased. And if before the cloud of sand dust concentrated in the atmosphere a couple of days of the island, it is now "the yellow smog" covering Cyprus and lasts up to a week.
4. Does the monitoring of the state of the air in Cyprus?
Yes, at the Department of Labour Inspection of Cyprus there is a special service for the control of air quality. It classifies air pollution on this scale: low dust content - from the 0 50 to ug / m & sup3 ;, moderate - by up to 50 100 mcg / m & sup3 ;, high - up from the 100 200 mcg / m & sup3; and very high - more than 300 mcg / m & sup3 ;.
Visually, the state of the atmosphere and air quality in Cyprus can be found online at Online Air Quality in Cyprus, where the information is updated every hour.
5. What impact has the dust on our body?
Of course, the sand storms have negative effects not only for cars, vegetation and houses, but also, most importantly, are harmful to our health. Dispersion of sand in the air is so small that very easily penetrate not only into the upper respiratory tract (nasal cavity, larynx, trachea), but in the lower (bronchi and lungs). Getting on mucous membranes, including the eye, the dust causes mechanical irritation and triggering allergic inflammatory reaction. So you experience an allergic conjunctivitis and rhinitis, bronchial asthma and dust bronchitis.
As is known, the dust particles may be carriers of various germs, viruses, fungi, and pollen particles, which bloom coincides with the arrival of a dust storm. Thus, in addition to dust allergies can occur and pollen allergy, as well as develop bacterial and viral disease.
6. What recommendations can be obtained from an allergist?
If you suffer from allergic disease, the period of dust storms have a higher probability of exacerbation than in normal weather. To avoid this, you must adhere to the following guidelines:
- Strictly limit the time spent on the street of small children, the elderly, and persons with chronic diseases of the respiratory system and various types of allergic reactions.
- When you are in the open space of multilayer protective masks and respirators.
- Daily wet cleaning of premises.
- Open windows with caution and not for long.
- Air-conditioned and humidify the air in the room. Note that the filters in the air conditioner must be clean.
- Carry a proven tool for washing the nose, eye drops and antihistamines.
- During dust storms drivers, especially on the slopes, it is recommended to use the fog lights.
- If possible, try to spend these days in the Troodos Mountains. There the air is relatively clean and cool.