Snake - a mysterious phenomenon and almost mystical, especially for a person born in central Russia. Man by nature is poorly protected: we have no armor, claws, paws fast and sharp fangs.
After the spiritual qualities - love and creativity, our main value is the intelligence that we use as the main weapon for protection against hazards. Everywhere should observe safety precautions, and life in the city, perhaps more dangerous than in the countryside. For this reason, it is not necessary to be afraid of snakes, but they certainly need to fear. So what are "creeping ocharovashki" live on an island paradise, and what threatens them meeting with a man?
Snake flora in Cyprus is not so diverse as it is sometimes trying to present. Only three species of snakes are at least a minimal risk to humans. With them, and begin.
This is a serious character. Perhaps the only snake in Cyprus, which is to be feared seriously.
Snake viper family (Blunt Nosed Viper - Engl., Vipera Lebetina - lat.) Reaches a length 1,3 - 1,8 m, has a thick body with a large and wide head in the form of a triangle. Color dull gray or grayish-brown. In an average year in Cyprus registered about 20 Gyurza bites man. At the same time over the past years 15 was not a single death.
The snake is active from March to November. Gyurza can be found in the mountains, near water, where she loves to hunt birds and small rodents, and saved from the summer heat. Man for snakes too large prey, reptile and not attacking us just like that. Moreover, the cost refers to the snake at its disposal poison - it ensures easy prey reserve and is used primarily "on purpose." Usually viper attack humans only in self-defense, and already approaching Homo sapiens to the place of her hunting hiss warns that the place is busy.
Viper venom has a strong hemolytic action: getting into the bloodstream, it destroys red blood cells, affects the walls of blood vessels and leads to blood clotting. Partly for this reason we can not apply a tourniquet on a limb, it greatly increases the likelihood of gangrene. In case of a bite, you must immediately take the victim to hospital. In each city - the administrative center - Cyprus has a General Hospital (General Hospital), working around the clock, where will provide the necessary assistance, including the injection of the vaccine. If the bite is very important to ensure peace - not to move unnecessarily, and not worry palpitations favors the rapid spread of the poison in the body. If possible, try to suck out the poison from the bite, carefully spitting venomous saliva. Do not need to incise the bite or burn it.
Yascherichnaya snake (Montpellier Snake - Engl., Malpolon Monspessulanus - lat.). Large snake reaching long 2 meters. Its diet consists mainly of lizards, hence the name creeping predator. The snake belongs to a class of conditionally toxic. First, she is very timid, and meet her man is extremely difficult. Secondly, two poisonous snakes teeth are located deep enough to bite through human skin so it is almost impossible, except that cling to the human finger. For Cyprus, this is a rare snake.
Cat snake or Boyga (Cat Snake - Engl., Telescopus Fallax - lat.) From the family Colubrid. Small, thin, graceful snake whose length rarely exceeds 70 see his name was due to snake cat eye shape, moreover, creeping hunter likes to bite their prey and release, then re-grasping paralyzed poison carcass - so a cat playing with its prey . The venom of this snake is not dangerous to humans and can cause a local irritation, and the teeth are located deep enough to bite humans.
This concludes the description of the dangerous reptiles creeping. And the first representative of a friendly kind of snake.
Large snake (Whip Snake - English., Coluber Jugularis - lat.) - The largest and most majestic snake on the island, reaching in length 3 meters. That runner often can be found in Cyprus. Often they crawl across the road and killed under the wheels of cars. The adult is a shiny black outfit of a bluish tint to the skin. Youth has a light brown color with dark spots or stripes.
Snake kills rodents and snakes, as well as a formidable enemy poisonous viper.
Cypriot runner (Cyprus Whip Snake - Engl., Coluber Cypriensis - lat.)
This species was discovered only recently - in 80-ies of XX century. Some individuals have a dark brown and olive-brown color with distinctive bright spots in front of the body. The maximum length of the Cyprus runner - 1 meter. Snake climbs perfectly perpendicular to the walls.
Lead runner (Coin Snake - Engl., Coluber Numifer - lat.)
This species is very similar to Gyurza, but diamonds or circles on his back, brighter, more clearly defined. Snake reaches a length 1,7 meters. The snake is not poisonous, but very aggressive, willing to go on the attack at the slightest danger. Its bite can be painful.
Olive runner (Dahl's Whip Snake or Arrow Snake - Engl., Coluber Najadum - lat.)
Very unusual snake, which itself is time to escape from the man - this type is protected. Olive is extremely fast runner and shy, so it is rarely possible to see and consider. His second English name ("Snake - Boom") because he got manners stalking prey, when runner raises about a third of the body vertically, gently swaying. It helps him to pretend to be better visible vegetation and prey. Snake has a very interesting color with a bright front part of the body.
Cypriot too (Cyprus Grass Snake - Engl., Natrix Natrix Cypriaca - lat.)
This species is found only on Cyprus. Snake amphibious floats well, preying on small fish, amphibians and frogs. Defending against predators, Cyprus really capable of anal glands secrete a foul-smelling secretion. Snake completely harmless to humans.
Blindworm (Pink Worm Snake - Engl., Typhlops Vermicularis - lat.) - Most unusual snake in Cyprus. Small size - 25-40 cm and shape make a snake-like worm. She lives and hunts under, eating ants, their eggs and larvae, as well as spiders and insects.
Snake - it is the same God's creation as we are with you, and if you compare the amount of harm that we cause each other and nature, I'm afraid, the comparison is not in favor of human rights. Snakes are an important part of the ecosystem, and their mass extermination fraught with grave consequences. In addition, living in Cyprus are defenders of human snakes - cats. They were imported in large quantities on the orders of St.. Queen Helena Equal to the Apostles in the distant IV century. Still cunning furry friends a person carry out their mission, being important and respected inhabitants of the island.