The Parliament of the Republic of Cyprus passed a law on posthumous donation. Those who receive a driver's license will be offered a choice to the inhabitants of the island: they agree in case of death to become organ donors or not. If a person does not want to answer this question, no one will force him.
Until now, every resident of Cyprus could register on the list of posthumous donors at will. Did this unit. In case of death of a person consent to the transplantation of his organs was taken by his relatives.
The effect of the law passed by the parliament on 19 May will apply to those who receive a driver's license (for the first time or in case of replacement due to loss or damage). They will be offered to read the brochure on donation, and then they will ask the question: do they want to become donors in case of premature death.
Citizens can choose one of two options (either "yes" or "no") or refuse to answer at all. The answers will be entered in the single register of donors of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Cyprus. This will help to simplify the procedure for obtaining organs in the event of an accident with a fatal outcome.
The authorities intend to conduct information campaigns aimed at explaining the importance of donorship in the Cypriot society. The Ministries of Health and Education will organize classes on this topic in schools where 16-17 teens will be invited, who will soon receive a driver's license.
The initiator of the bill is the deputy from the DISY party and the head of the parliamentary committee on health issues Kostakis Konstantinou. Promoting the idea of postmortem donation, he faced the misunderstanding of some colleagues who declared that it was immoral to force people to answer the question of whether they want to become donors after death.
"In the United States, Britain, Ireland and many other developed countries such a law has already been adopted. Those who fill out the documents for obtaining a driver's license are given the right to express their desire to become a posthumous donor, "-Kostakis CONSTANTINU, MP
According to the deputy, it is very important to give the inhabitants of the island this right, as many in Cyprus are waiting for their turn for transplantation.
"It's a shame to lose organs when so many people suffer and are waiting for [the queue for a transplant]," Constantine believes.
Some of his colleagues believe that "making such a decision for 18-year-olds who just want to drive a car" is too cruel. Voting on the bill was anonymous. The majority expressed their support.
In Cyprus they are engaged - and quite successfully - kidney transplantation.
"Since 2011, 98 has performed kidney transplantation from live donors and 38 - from deceased," the head of the Ministry of Health, Yorgos Pamporidis, quotes statistics.
The Cyprus Transplantation Association notes that the country has one of the highest rates in the world in terms of the number of kidneys given from live donors for transplantation and one of the lowest - from the dead (total 6,47 operations per million inhabitants).
The Cypriot authorities should step up the policy calling on the relatives of the deceased people to give the go-ahead for the removal of organs for transplantation to the waiting people, the association's representatives believe.
In the national waiting list, kidney queues appear57human.
- Posthumous transfer of organs should become a part of our consciousness, - the head of the Ministry of Health considers. - [People should] know that transplantation is a conscious choice, as a result of which one can give life to another.
For many years, a debate has been held in Cyprus about how to treat the issue of postmortem removal of organs from dead or suddenly deceased people. The low level of postmortem donation was partly explained by the fact that Cypriot doctors do not have special knowledge on the preservation of organs suitable for transplantation. There is also such an ethical question: is it possible to consider the death of the human brain as a legal death, or should the vital activity of the organism be maintained even if there is already no hope that a person will ever regain consciousness.
In mid-April, 21-year-old tennis player, who fell from a great height, died. His parents agreed that their son would become a posthumous donor. The organs were seized and transplanted to five people who needed transplantation in Cyprus (kidneys), Austria (lungs and liver) and Greece (heart).
"The generosity shown by the relatives of the donor, who overcame the pain, gave hope for the continuation of life to other people, is an outstanding example to be followed," said Jorgos Pamporidis.
This was the first time in 2017, when relatives of the deceased agreed to transplant his organs. A week later, one more case of posthumous donation in Cyprus became known.
You already have driving license, but would you like your name to be entered in the database of donors of the Ministry of Health? For this it is necessary to fill form Voluntary donation and send it to the Register of potential donors of organs and tissues of the Republic of Cyprus.
The law on donorship was adopted by the Cypriot Parliament in 2012. According to it, anyone can be included in the list of posthumous donors. The registration procedure is quite simple. It is necessary to download the form from the Ministry of Health website, fill it in (name, surname, passport data and contact information) and send it to the electronic address indicated on the form.
You can offer all your organs for a postmortem transplant or choose one or more. The law requires consent not only from the most potential donor during life, but also the consent of a close blood relative after the death of the donor (please indicate in the form his data). The relative should also be informed of the desire of the potential donor to transfer organs for transplantation.
Please note that the donor register data is confidential information. If a person registered on the list has changed his mind regarding postmortem donation, he can send a request and his name and surname will be deleted from the list. For more information, contact 22-603492.
Voluntary Donation Form (In English) on the website of the Ministry of Health of Cyprus.
Debating Europe Portal ("Europe is in a debate")EnduredTo discuss the question of whether it is possible to use the organs of deceased people, if in life they did not forbid it?