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Kakopetria

Kakopetria and Galata on the right called the guardians of the Byzantine churches. It is away from the beaten tracks in the Troodos Mountains preserved a truly unique architectural monuments of the Cyprus church - the church under a gable roof with ancient frescos.

Attractions Kakopetria

Church of the Holy Sozomenosa in Galata

In 2005 the treasury of the world cultural heritage by UNESCO joined the temple of the Holy Sozomenos in Galata, built on donations from the villagers in the XVI century. Temple vaulted, with a wooden roof. This is one of the few churches in Cyprus, which survived all the decoration of the whole. All the internal walls of the church frescoes. Decorated with frescoes, and the outer part of the north wall. Above the west entrance there ktitorskih inscription, which mentioned the names of the donors, the name of the artist (Simeon Aksenty) and year decoration church frescoes (1513 city).

In 2005 the treasury of the world cultural heritage by UNESCO joined the temple of the Holy Sozomenos in Galata, built on donations from the villagers in the XVI century. Temple vaulted, with a wooden roof. This is one of the few churches in Cyprus, which survived all the decoration of the whole. All the internal walls of the church frescoes. Decorated with frescoes, and the outer part of the north wall. Above the west entrance there ktitorskih inscription, which mentioned the names of the donors, the name of the artist (Simeon Aksenty) and year decoration church frescoes (1513 city).

Architectural composition of church structure is simple. It is traditional for the highlands basilica with semicircular apse to the east, a wooden ceiling and a steep gable roof, not only covering the central nave is the only building, but later Attached gallery surrounding the church on three sides. This building design has to save up to now virtually the only church in Cyprus, which is widely represented cycle plot tells about the life of the Virgin. Rich, beautifully preserved frescoes that adorn not only the interior but also the exterior walls of the church, give it a special charm and uniqueness.

It should tell you a bit about the Holy Sozomenos, which was erected in honor of the ancient church in the village of Galata. For more information about his righteous life are unknown to us, but the people preserved legends tell that on the island of Saint Sozomenos appeared at the beginning of the V century. Fleeing from the persecution of the Saracens, he was among the 300 Christians had to leave their native lands of Syria and move to Cyprus.

Not far from the abandoned Nicosia is now the village of Agios Sozomenos, near the village of Potamia is his cave dwelling.

The village is situated in 12 km from Nicosia, the island's capital, and a little away from the so-called "Green Line." Due to the fact that Cyprus is divided into two parts, the Greek and Turkish, was built between the buffer zone longer than 180 km, now known as the "Green Line." In 1964 of Major General Peter Young, commander of the peacekeeping forces, green crayon held on the map line, hence the name of the buffer zone.

So, in this village, on the slopes of the hill is carved in stone rocky monastery, where he lived a holy hermit Sozomenos (Sozomen). The cave cell preserved tomb of the saint and frescoes, the most ancient layers of which date back to X century.

In the few remnants of ancient murals Cypriot researchers have a better idea of ​​the shape and operation of the saint. From flavored rock frescoes, scientists learned that many years of his life dedicated Sozomenos medicine and care of sick and infirm, treated for fever and wrote a book about Eastern Orthodoxy and religious beliefs.

The church, erected in his honor, on the outside wall of the building survived a unique painting, which depicted the seven ecumenical councils that unified the Ancient Church had not yet split into East and West, where Christianity has lived under the unwritten motto "Unity in diversity", and when in theological debates and discussions around the issues of faith consummated the triumph of Christianity. Thus, the frescoes of the church of St. Sozomenos immortalized unique scientifically subjects.

Interesting murals with images of women saints whose images do not often see in the ancient temples. This holy martyr Paraskeva, Kyriakos, Barbara and Catherine. Figures of young beautiful women in rich robes, embroidered with jewels and pearls decorate the lower and middle tiers of the south wall of the nave. The greatest interest is the image of the Holy Martyr Cyprian Kyriaki, whose name in Greek means the last day of the week - "Sunday". Holy Attire cover medallions, which faces personified the days of Holy Week. The idea of ​​creating such an image pFolnostyu owned Cypriot artists and has its origins in the early Hellenistic traditions.

Church of the Archangels in Galata

Church of Archangelos Michael, or Panagia Theotokos - a chapel with a wooden roof, situated right on the outskirts of the village. Its walls are completely covered with paintings of post-Byzantine style of the beginning of the XVI century.

Kaliana Khan Inn

The restored inn is of particular interest to fans of the original rural architecture of Cyprus.

Church of St. George under the roof

The Church of Agios Georgios Perahoritis in the eastern part of the village is known for its very ancient wall paintings of the first half of the XVI century.

Church of the Holy Podithou in Galata

The church that once belonged to the monastery was built in the year 1502. The monastery was destroyed at the end of 19 century. The temple was built at the expense of the Greek Dimitrios1a de Corona, who was in the service of King James II. Its walls were not completely painted. Those that are, almost all were made at the same time when the temple was built. They are made in the Italo-Byzantine style.

During the period of Venetian rule in Cyprus church was built near the village of Panagia Podithou Galata. As the inscription on the outside is dedicated to the top of the west wall, the temple was built in 1502, and its founders were Coron Demetrios Greek officer in the service of King James II and his wife Elena. Although it is unknown when the church dedicated to the Virgin Mary, called Podithou, it is considered the main church of the monastery of the same name, has ceased to exist in the early XIX century.

The Church is not fully painted murals cover only the outside of the western wall, west wall inside the triangle, the triangle of the eastern wall, the apse and the eastern part of the northern and southern walls. Simultaneously with the creation of murals, was erected and a wooden iconostasis, gilding which was updated in 1783 city In the paintings of Panagia Podithou dated, mainly the beginning of the XV century. Evinces the Italian Renaissance to the exaltation of the image, its monumentality. Images of Christ, the Virgin Mary, the archangels and saints are presented simultaneously sublime and humanity, they are idealized and, at the same time filled with life. Ascetic religious painting gave way to the East is the place bright and cheerful colors of Western painting and its three-dimensional perception of body and space, striving to capture the movement and emotion artistic value of the frescoes is the interweaving of two traditions - Byzantine and Italian Renaissance.

Along with the image of Our Lady of the apse, the scene of the Communion of the Apostles is among the finest examples of Italian-Byzantine school on the island, which appeared in Cyprus in the late XV century, after the Venetians occupied the island in 1489 year. This school has combined classical elements with the peculiarities of the Byzantine tradition of the Italian Renaissance in its Venetian version, combining secular pompous and lofty spirituality.

A special grace of movement marked by the image of Mary in the scene of the Annunciation to the south of the wall of the apse. Seated Mary meets the gospel explosion of emotions swirl twists her body in the S-shaped bend, inherited from the Gothic expression. Unusually fine prescribed folds of his cloak with stars give the image a special charm and make it stand out in a series of iconographic images in the local fresco.

In the spirit of the local traditions of construction covers gable roof of flat tiles.

The temple is under the protection of UNESCO 1985 year.

Church of St. Paraskeva

In the small church of Agia Paraskevi on the old Kakopetria-Galata road frescoes 1514 years.

Saint Nicholas Church under the roof

The Church of Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis (literally "the church of St. Nicholas with a roof") is located in 5 km north of the village of Kakopetria and once belonged to the monastery. Its walls are decorated with paintings fully XI - XVII centuries. It is considered one of the most interesting Byzantine churches on the island. The church got its name from the high, excessively steep wooden roof, which was built in such a way as to protect the church from adverse climatic conditions.

First dvuhkryshnoy Church in Cyprus was the Church of St. Nicholas in Kakopetria (Church of St. Nicholas under the double roof), located south of the village of Kakopetria, at the foot of the Troodos Mountains, built in XI century. in the name of St. Nicholas and the entrance sometime in the monastery complex of the same name.

Church of St. Nicholas under the double roof - is one of the most important religious monuments in Cyprus. The name "St. Nicholas under the double roof" because the temple was erected over the roof to protect it from rain and snow, so frequent in the mountainous region.

The well-preserved to this day the church of St. Nicholas - a typical Byzantine cross-domed church. Restoration work has repeatedly held it for centuries, somewhat changed its original form. At the beginning of the XII century. the cathedral built a narthex, domed, and the end of the century, the temple was covered with a steep gable roof, under which today lies krestovoobrazny vault and dome. The need for additional protection of the church original structure and its unique wall paintings from the damaging effects of snow, rain and wind, so frequent in the highlands, was obvious.

The monastery complex has flourished in the Byzantine period and during the domination of the Frankish kings of Cyprus. The interior of the church - its many ancient murals XI century and a large icon of St. Nicholas XIII c., Donated the temple of Frankish knights and embodying the images themselves and the donors to confirm this. Today, the icon of St. Nicholas on display in the Byzantine Museum Cultural Foundation Archbishop Makarios III in Nicosia. In 1633 year monastic buildings and church have been updated. The last monk, Father Gerasimos died in 1808 was, at the time the property and describe the structure of the monastery, and then rented out, what message is preserved in the old registration books of the Archbishopric of Cyprus.

The monastery was destroyed in the second half of the XIX century, but the monastery church survived. Just south of the church remained small two-story structure, which, in all probability, served as the residence of the last monk. The ruins around the church suggests that his best years in the monastery lived a significant number of monks. On the meadow called "Tomb of the bishops" in which scattered many stones, according to legend, buried the bishops, who died at the hands of the Ottomans. The interior of the church is called the "Museum of Byzantine art." This is one of the few places in Cyprus, where limited space frescoes XI - XVII centuries. The frescoes have been cleared at the initiative of the Department of Antiquities. Several murals have been transferred, and thus were found more ancient frescoes, which were under later, later added the XI century.

 

XI century paintings preserved in fragments. They stand saturation characteristics, the definition of curly shapes, color palette and severe internal spiritual way. Unfortunately, up to now only a few paintings we survived XI century. These include the traditional image in the apse (altar) of Our Lady surrounded by the archangels Michael and Gabriel, the Transfiguration and the Raising of Lazarus, fragments of a fresco of the Assumption and St. Nicholas, in the left corner which immortalized the image of the donor who paid for its creation. Panoramic composition "Forty Martyrs of Sebaste" dates back to the XII century and is dedicated to the first Christians were martyred. Skillfully using a system of scenic resources, a skilled artist, whose name is unknown to us, was able to vividly recreate a complete picture of the ancient Christian legend.

In the temple, except for the frescoes, and the text is prominent Russian traveler Vasili Barsky, as well as references to persons who have made gifts to the monastery.

The fresco with a rare iconographic type of Saint Mary, breast-feeding the child Divine, written to the right of the iconostasis, was founded in the XIV century. She kept the original color and paint and have never since inception are not restored. Church of the XVII century iconostasis separating the altar area from the whole of the temple, reflected the transition period in the formation of the modern. It combines the various structural elements: already leaving templon with cells for Byzantine icons and wall-barrier with the main icons of Christ and the Virgin Mary, placed on either side of the main entrance to the altar, closed curtain.

With 1985 the church is under the protection of UNESCO.

Today, next to the Church of St. Nicholas are placed buildings residential ensemble of the Archdiocese of Cyprus.

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