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Lefkara

The village of Lefkara is located on the southern slopes of the Troodos between Larnaca and Limassol. Traditional Cypriot architecture and flavor shopping streets of the village probably will not leave anyone indifferent. The village is famous for its lace and silverware handmade.

Attractions Lefkara

The village of Lefkara

Since the Middle Ages, it is known for its handmade lace "lefkaritika." They say that even Leonardo da Vinci during his stay on the island is bought lace for altar veil Duomo. In addition, the village has a silversmith, who create filigree trinkets, and small enterprise, which produces Turkish delight (Gk. 'Lukumi ").

The village of Lefkara is located on the southern slopes of the Troodos Mountains in the Larnaca district. Traditional Cypriot architecture and flavor shopping streets of the village probably will not leave anyone indifferent.

To this day the village Lefkara retained not only the architecture, but also folk crafts. Of course, great interest is the set of surviving in the pristine beauty of the village buildings. Houses and shops of white limestone (which hence the name of the village) are decorated with small windows and flat roofs. Structurally, the village is divided into upper (Pano) and Lower (Kato) Lefkara. Besides its architectural identity Lefkara is famous in the whole of Cyprus and far beyond the island of lace products and products from handmade silver.

Lace from Lefkara

There is a legend according to which in 1481 Leonardo da Vinci was fascinated by skill lefkarskih lace and lace garments purchased at the main altar of the Duomo in Milan. True or not, but the lace cover in this cathedral you can view today, and then, if there is a desire to compare with what they are doing in Lefkara.

In the village you even today can see in the streets, as the masters weave complicated designs on napkins, tablecloths and bedspreads. Do not be surprised if you suddenly for a product you would call a high price. In some instances takes months of hard work. However, most of the cost of the products Lefkara reasonable. Sold famous lace here in the village. Many shops offer products of local masters. Many of these shops you will find unique things like that can not be bought anywhere else in the world. It is necessary to say a few words about the lace Lefkara: classic tablecloth, finished "lefkaritikoy", made only from Irish jacquard and can be beige or white. Lace is woven into the fabric to form a complex geometric pattern that looks the same on both sides. Residents Lefkara do not make any changes to the design patterns: the secrets of skill passed on from mother to daughter for several centuries.

Silver in Lefkara

Not so legendary, but no less beautiful handiwork of the male population of Lefkara. Especially good filigree technique similar to the silver lace. In the early 18 century censer made with CF and other ceremonial accessories, using a special technique of forging. Today, this tradition was interrupted. But a lot of new techniques of jewelry - and now you can buy Lefkara bracelets, necklaces, earrings, spoons, dishes, trays and animal figurines made of silver.

Museum of traditional embroidery and jewelry

Those who want to learn more about local crafts to buy, it is worth to visit the Museum of Traditional Embroidery and silver jewelry in the family home Patsalos in Pano Lefkara. It shows how people lived in Cyprus a hundred years ago. The exhibition consists of items of home furnishing a fairly consistent while the family of the local national costumes and beautiful embroidery.

Since the end of 1980-ies of XX century in acting District Museum Lefkara embroidery and jewelry. The museum is housed in the mansion of the XIX century, family-owned Patsalos. The museum houses a collection of colorful embroidery and jewelry.

The main exhibition is dedicated lefkaritike - lace, which the world famous Lefkara. Embroidery white threads ("levkokentima") was born in Cyprus in very ancient times. Geometric ornament, inherent in all traditional Cypriot embroidery, performed a special kind of stitches. It is expected that this type of stitches has been taken over from the Middle Eastern sewing. "White embroidery" were engaged throughout the island. However, the most advanced techniques and the most intricate designs born in Lefkara. Name of the village began to call themselves the work there the masters - lefkaritika.

It is believed that lefkaritika (Cypriot another name - "tagiades") has Venetian origins. This is evidenced by the presence of lefkaritike not only the elements characteristic of the early Cypriot embroidery (the same geometric shapes), but different from the previous openwork plexus. Besides, it turned out Angelika Peridu dealing with the subject, embroidery Lefkara has obvious similarities with the old Italian embroidery. Confirms this idea by other researchers - Polemidia Olga, came to the conclusion that the medieval Italian embroidery lefkaritiku remarkably similar to the XIX-th century. Thus, the history of what was once in the XVI century Venetian nobles shared the secrets of his skill with lefkariyskimi women coming to the village to rest, actually took place.

Lefkaritika - this kind of needlework, which intertwined traditional and folk motifs borrowed sewing machines. Lefkaritiki color can be white, beige or shades of pistachio.

Legend has it that Leonardo da Vinci visited the village and bought here covering on the altar, which he then donated to the Cathedral of Milan. They even say that da Vinci did some sketches for embroidery and gave them craftswomen Lefkara. Since then, and there was the famous "pattern of Leonardo", which will certainly present among other ornaments lefkaritiki in any souvenir shop.

The museum also exhibited jewelery and church utensils made by local craftsmen of silver. In addition, the museum - traditional clothes of inhabitants of Lefkara, as well as furniture made of more than two centuries ago.

Address: The village of Lefkara, the residence Patsalosa
Phone.: 24-342326

Wax Museum

The museum has more than 200 wax exhibits telling about the different periods of Cyprus history, spanning 3000 years, from Neolithic times to the present day. The exhibition consists of eight chronological sections: they are presented, and the first Christians, and St. Barnabas, St. Helena, mother of Constantine the Great and Archbishop Kyprianos, who died tragically in 1821 year and ideologues Cyprus nezavismosti General Grivas and Archbishop Makarios, and checkpoints UN soldiers in blue helmets.

From May 2005 in the village of Lefkara working Wax Museum «Fatsa» («The Face"). Founder of the museum - a historian Pambos Nikolaidis. Pambos Nikolaidis studied and worked in London. One of the most favorite places in the British capital for it was a wax museum Madame Tussauds. Every time I come home on leave, he half-jokingly-poluserёzno noted that Cyprus, unfortunately, there is only beautiful mountains and delightful views. In 1998 year, he had the idea to create a museum of the home similar to London, but the one indispensable condition: it will not be the world-famous personalities. His museum will be devoted exclusively to the history of Cyprus. According Nikolaidis, the new museum was supposed to be a kind of cultural center of performing certain educational goals. But we must not forget about tourists: they have such a museum is always of great interest.

Pambos Nikolaidis have many friends in Russia. Nicolaides said that Russian art - the best in the world. Through one of his friends, Vyacheslav Aslanova, he met in Rostov-on-Don Russian sculptor Vladimir, told him about his idea and invited to come for a visit to Cyprus. He came together with the artist Larisa and her husband, also a sculptor, they discussed the project in detail. He took them through the old villages of Cyprus, they read a lot of books on the history of the country, Larissa made a huge number of sketches, but most importantly - was made a chronological layout. Part of Wax was made in Cyprus, the other - in Rostov. In the manufacture of each figure on average it took up to two months. Every six months here in Lefkara, come "beauticians wax": clean shapes, apply new makeup, wash and dry your hair as they are - are real.

The museum has more than 200 wax exhibits telling about the different periods of Cyprus history, spanning 3000 years, from Neolithic times to the present day. The exhibition consists of eight chronological sections: they are presented, and the first Christians, and St. Barnabas, St. Helena, mother of Constantine the Great and Archbishop Kyprianos, who died tragically in 1821 year and ideologues Cyprus nezavismosti General Grivas and Archbishop Makarios, and checkpoints UN soldiers in blue helmets.

Several rooms are devoted to aspects of rural life, such as in the same room is a traditional Cypriot village wedding.

"The museum is very popular, and I'm thinking about opening its branches both in Cyprus and abroad", - says Pambos Nikolaidis.

Planned opening of the international section - in the near future. According Nikolaidis in the international section, among other things, will "The Beatles", Peter the Great, David Bethem, and even Superman and Batman - the joy of children. Total in this section is from the 80 90 up sculptures, and some will be wearing things belonging to "Originals" - they have been ordered in the studio «Walt Disney».

Pambos Nikolaidis hopes that his exhibition of the museum will continue to grow and replenish with new exhibits. Some sections will be equipped with computer equipment, it is planned to show short films in Greek, English, Russian and German.

Ancient settlements Choirkoitia

Here is one of the oldest known Neolithic sites in the world, presumably referring to 7000-6000 years. BC. e. (in 1998 was declared a cultural heritage by UNESCO). Analysis of charred seeds and form blades of flint sickles confirm the fact that the then settlers grew wheat and barley. Animal bones indicate how to engage in hunting, and the first attempts at domestication of cattle. In the later cultural layer of the settlement, about 3500 BC. e., found objects made of ceramics. Finds from Choirokoitia can be seen in the Museum of Cyprus in Nicosia.

The ancient settlement of Choirokoitia (named after a nearby village) in its preservation and the abundance of finds is unique among Neolithic archaeological sites in the Mediterranean. Researchers are still not clear the origin of this ancient Cypriot culture. A number of local and foreign historians believe that the earliest phase it must be sought as a matter of Cyprus and on the Asian mainland. The results of archaeological investigations suggest the inhabitants of Choirokoitia contacts with Anatolia, the ancient settlement of the valley of Antioch and Northern Syria. These radiocarbon analysis showed that the population was about Choirokoitia of 5000 до н.э.

2 December 1998 city 2 декабря 1998 г. поселение Хирокития включили в список всемирного наследия ЮНЕСКО под номером 848 согласно IV, V, VI критериям, так как данное поселение, во-первых, самый ранний участок для исследования кипрского прокерамического неолита (критерий IV); во-вторых, характерный пример значительного человеческого поселения, хрупкого в результате его большой старины и его местоположения в быстро изменяющейся окружающей среде (критерий V); наконец, это поселение связано с идеями и верованиями исторической важности, которые проявлены в нескольких аспектах материальной культуры: например, использование в похоронных обрядах статуэток свидетельствует о ритуальной и религиозной практике (критерий VI). Участок был обнаружен в 1934 П. Дикеосом , который и производил там дальнейшие археологические работы с 1936 до 1946 гг. С 1977 г. начались раскопки под руководством Алена Ле Брена, директора французской археологической миссии на Кипре. The site was discovered in 1934 P. Dikeosom, who produced it with further archaeological work to 1936 1946 years. Since 1977 of excavations began under the guidance of Alain Le Bren, director of the French archaeological mission in Cyprus.

During the archaeological site of Choirokoitia has been found in a number of different objects. They talk about the existence of Cyprus highly Neolithic culture. The graves were found necklaces, pins, spindles, suspension, stone beads. In the manufacture of stone tools used for the handles of bone, it is manufactured from pins and needles, spindles.

During the excavations found many tools made of obsidian (volcanic glass) and bone fragments from sickles silicon millstones. Ancient natives were familiar with spinning and weaving, skillfully treated wood and stone. Stone dishes made with their hands, simple in form, but carefully processed: the surface is decorated with ornaments in the form of relief or incised cruciform shapes. Receptacles generally flat and open, have the different shapes. Almost all of them have a drain spout. On the handles of individual vessels depicting human or animal (usually sheep and bovine) head. Reported attempts to manufacture clay pots, but without notable success.

In the settlement can be traced and the emergence of certain religious beliefs. This primarily refers to the burial rite, reflects a belief in the afterlife. In Choirkoitia found idols - samples of ancient sculpture of Cyprus. This flat stone with a sexless figures arbitrarily interpreted heads and one female figure of unbaked clay.

Burials arranged between the houses or in the under floors. Often this lonely grave where the deceased was placed in a contorted position. Along with the skeleton usually find stone vessels, broken out ritual reasons. Sometimes with the female skeleton found rich funeral gifts that can make the assumption that some women were particularly honored. In the body of the deceased is usually put a heavy object - a stone slab or a millstone, as the dead inspire fear.

A study of the remains of well-preserved skeletons and helped restore the look of the inhabitants of the settlement. All of them were stunted: men about 1,6 m, and the growth of women does not exceed m 1,5. The average life expectancy for men - 35 years, women - 33,5 years.

Finds from Choirokoitia make no small part of the collection of the Museum of Cyprus.

Monastery of Agios Minas

Date of foundation of the monastery of Aghios Minas in the village Vavla not known. It was reconstructed after 1965, when became a convent. Today, the monastery is famous for its apiaries.

Kalavasos - Tenta (Neolithic settlement, 7000 century BC)

The earliest traces of human presence on the awning relate to the Neolithic period (7500 - 5200 BC). From the end of this period it seems to have been a break yet again settled in the area during the Neolithic pottery (4500 BC). The houses are arranged in a circle, as in Choirokoitia. They are either completely made of stone, or their foundation is built of stone and the upper part of mud bricks.

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