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Pissouri

In the Pissouri no interest as such in addition to the village square and the beautiful beaches, but in the immediate vicinity of the village you can see the following places.

Pissouri Attraction

Temple of Aphrodite

Paliapafos (Old Paphos) for centuries been one of the most popular pilgrimage centers of ancient Greece and at one time an independent city-kingdom of Cyprus. It was built the famous temple, the sanctuary of Aphrodite, the most ancient remains of which date back to the XII century BC. Temple remained significant place of worship of Aphrodite until the III-IV century. The museum opened in a spacious house Luzinyanskogo period, it has an interesting exhibition of archaeological finds, telling about this time. And to this day continue excavations in the area of ​​the sanctuary, the old city and the necropolis.

Paleopafosa main attraction - the sanctuary of Aphrodite (about 1200 city BC): the oldest known today places of worship of the Bronze Age and the most popular in the ancient world. In 77 was Cyprus, then there is the former Roman province, there was the strongest earthquake that destroyed ancient Pafos and the Temple of Aphrodite. Now we can only guess at the original form and the wealth of this religious building. In the northern hall of the Roman sanctuary save individual pieces of the puzzle, the floor is adorned in ancient times. The Roman authorities immediately began restoration work, which resulted in the ancient temple was reconstructed in its original form, and next to it was built a new temple, in the traditions of the Roman architecture of the time. Now, the temple complex occupied a much larger area, its buildings were connected by special transitions and religious services, ceremonies and sacrifices were made here now with a much larger scale and pomp.

Thanks to the care of the Roman emperors of that time the temple of Aphrodite was like a second life, even become famous, so that his image even began to mint on Roman coins. This is of particular relevance to this place of worship was primarily due to the fact that the Roman emperors considered the temple of Aphrodite as the main sanctuary of the generic, as were descended from the legendary Yul, whose father was the Trojan Aeneas - son of the goddess Aphrodite. On the appearance of the temple is now possible to judge on the schematic image, save on Roman coins of emperor Vespasian (9 - 79 years. BC). Scientists believe that the temple in the Old Paphos no more like a Greek type of sacred buildings and churches, traditional Minoan Crete and the Eastern Mediterranean. In an open space surrounded by a parabolic wall length 5, 2 meters in height and, for many ceremonial altars and other religious monuments concealed a small building of the sanctuary. Sanctuary was divided into three parts. In the central majestically on a hill dominating the space of a conical stone - a symbol of the Goddess. Itself it is not portrayed, probably for fear of displeasing in his artistic imagination and the cause of her anger. Now this powerful symbol is kept in the museum, located in an ancient castle of Lusignan.

It is said that the village of Kouklia that is now in place a central part of the Old Paphos "communion" to the cult of Aphrodite, using stones from the ruins of the ancient sanctuary in the construction of their houses and streets.

Sacred objects of the Gentiles were kept for centuries, going to the life of Christians continue to live on these lands. So, in a sugar small factory, built in the XV - XVI centuries. on the ruins of the castle of Lusignan era, sugar cooked in bronze cauldrons, once belonged to the Roman temple.

In IV. Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I the Great (ruled 379-395 years.), recognizing Christianity as the official religion, forbade pagan acts in honor of the goddess. Today on the site of the famous sanctuary of Aphrodite only ruins. The excavations were carried out here in 1973-1979, 1993-1995, 1997 years.

World significance Paphos Aphrodite sanctuary, as a religious and mystical center of the Mediterranean, began to fade with the advent of Christianity. And then, the famous cult altogether ceased to exist. The temple does not come with a sacrifice, and made solemn libations, and gradually destroyed, abandoned sanctuary staid nearly a thousand years.

Stone Aphrodite

A few miles to the south-east of the village of Kouklia is the legendary birthplace of Aphrodite, called - Petra tou Romiou ("stone Greeks" - that romiytsami called themselves in those days the Greeks, emphasizing that they are the heirs of the Roman Empire). According to legend, the Byzantine mythical hero Digenis Akritas Morphou throwing fragments of rock from a high cliff into warships Saracens defending the island from an attack. According to another version, the stone thrown character named Romios. Researchers Cypriot folk art found evidence that the name Romiosa performed all the same Digenes. One of these stones - Petra tou Romiou - is exactly on the spot where, according to legend, from the foam formed from the fallen in the sea water drops of blood Cronus castrated Uranus, was born Aphrodite - the ancient Greek goddess of love and beauty.

A few miles to the south-east of the village of Kouklia is the legendary birthplace of Aphrodite, called - Petra tou Romiou ("stone Greeks" - that romiytsami called themselves in those days the Greeks, emphasizing that they are the heirs of the Roman Empire). According to legend, the Byzantine mythical hero Digenis Akritas Morphou throwing fragments of rock from a high cliff into warships Saracens defending the island from an attack. According to another version, the stone thrown character named Romios. Researchers Cypriot folk art found evidence that the name Romiosa performed all the same Digenes.

One of these stones - Petra tou Romiou - is exactly on the spot where, according to legend, from the foam formed from the fallen in the sea water drops of blood Cronus castrated Uranus, was born Aphrodite - the ancient Greek goddess of love and beauty.

The lovers believe that if one day a swim in the waves of magic that gave rise to the goddess, they never would part.

There is a belief that if the full moon at night to swim past the stone Petra tou Romiou, we can have eternal youth.

But if you eternal youth and will gain, improve the health of here exactly real. Clean sea and hot sun will provide a good mood for a long time, and if more and remember that this is where she was born Aphrodite ...

Palea Enklestra (cave church)

Near the village of Kouklia, close to Paphos, somewhere halfway to the village of Archimandrite, the left is a steep descent to the Church of St Constantine and Helena. On the contrary, in a rocky ravine, hidden from prying eyes by lush greenery, sheltered little painted cave-chapel - Palea Enklestra.

Near the village of Kouklia, close to Paphos, somewhere halfway to the village of Archimandrite, the left is a steep descent to the Church of St Constantine and Helena. On the contrary, in a rocky ravine, hidden from prying eyes by lush greenery, sheltered little painted cave-chapel - Palea Enklestra.

The interior space of a small ancient temple. On the left at the entrance - arched niche, it probably was buried the founder of this secluded home. It affects the abundance of frescoes. Their soft paint a surprisingly fresh and clean: it says that the candles were lit in it are extremely rare.

Apparently, the ascetic life in a cave ended with the death of its founder, and is no longer used. The symbolic meaning of painting is quite unusual. Left as you enter the long-haired nude saint Onufriya to the waist with a long gray beard. Center semicircles ceiling filled story of the Holy Trinity in a threefold aura (zapad¬ny version): God the Father, Christ between the book on which the Holy Spirit descends in the form of a dove. Around numerous keepers: angels, archangels, seraphim and cherubim. Here and evangelicals who write their messages: John with Matthew and Mark and Luke. In the lower zone - a depiction of St. Anastasia, cure of diseases and poisons, with traditional symbols: a cross and a glass bulb. And this is natural, because in the wild and lonely places healer aid was often so necessary.

Floral ornament, the delicacy of the execution, pastel colors, soft lines, flowing folds of clothing confirmed researchers assumption that the paintings were made in the beginning of the XV century. Unfortunately, almost all the faces in the frescoes damaged by the barbaric hand of those whose religious beliefs were not compatible with the Christian art.

Temple of Apollo Hylates

Temple of Apollo Ilatisa - this majestic sanctuary of the god of forests, is close to Curio on the opposite side of the road Limassol-Paphos. Buildings date back to II century AD. Two hundred years later the church was destroyed by earthquakes. The widespread worship of the god Apollo was, at least, from the VIII century BC. Before a small temple has a number of steps leading to the altar. Stravon historian argues that the pilgrims who touched the altar, dropping from a high cliff Curio.

Curio Museum

In 14 km west of Limassol in the village of Episkopi is a museum dedicated to the ancient city of Kourion. A unique collection of finds of archaeological excavations conducted in the surrounding area, presented in a beautiful old house.

Curio (ancient city-state)

Ancient Curio - is perhaps the most famous archaeological site in Cyprus. The ancient city, lying on the shores of the vast bay, was killed in the IV century by a strong earthquake. About Kourion mentioned another Greek historian Herodotus. It is believed that a settlement for Curio 1200 BC founded participated in the Trojan war, Greek warriors. Curio was one of the many city-states of ancient Cyprus.

Temple of Apollo Ilatisa located in 2, 5 km from the ancient city of Kourion, is one of the most important religious centers of Cyprus where Apollo also glorified as Ilatis, which means the god of forests.

This well-preserved complex is a typical Cypriot pagan temple. You can clearly distinguish 3 construction period. Archaic sanctuary are 7 BC, while the Ptolemaic Sanctuary are in 3. BC. э. and finally the Romanesque sanctuary date back to 1. BC In the ancient temple of Apollo Ilatisa Archaic sanctuary encompasses another, built much later. The latter dates from the mid - end 1 century AD. э. The complex includes a palaestra, stoa, or covered colonnade, the treasury, the archaic temenos (sacred place) rounded the monument, courtyard and the temple of Apollo.

In the vast expanse spread colonnade interspersed with dilapidated walls of buildings and fences. The sanctuary is the most significant surviving in Cyprus, appeared in VIII century BC. e. The sacred land of archaic time consisted of a courtyard surrounded by a fence and a small room. Later this place was created a vast sanctuary, the main monuments which are already in the Roman time.

Two roads lead to the sanctuary - from the west of Paphos and from the east, the location of two kilometers of the ancient city of Kourion. Through the Western Gate is now fall into the sanctuary visitors themselves from the gate are preserved only base their once flanked by columns. Gates lead into a vast, irregular stone-paved courtyard surrounded by a variety of cult premises. To the left of the gate is wide, partially restored staircase rises to the so-called northwest building, standing on a high platform; it is poorly preserved, but can trace its internal structure: the building is divided into two-axis length of the room, all of which are along the walls of the platform, framed by a colonnade. On these platforms, is believed to have housed the votive sculptures, brought as a gift to God.

All along the south side of the court reaches a monumental Doric portico covering the so-called southern facade of the building. It consists of five identical internals isolated premises. In each of them are arranged along the walls of the low platform, built of stone and framed by Doric colonnades. The similarity with the "north-west of the building," suggests that these areas were a place to store votive gifts. At the entrance to one of them the inscription, declares that the two rooms were built by Emperor Trajan in 101 year n. э. "South building" partially restored, restored Doric colonnade consisting of a slender smooth-columns topped by small capitals.

God Apollo enjoyed special veneration among the Cypriots and for centuries the sanctuary in its accumulated a tremendous amount of offerings. According existed throughout the ancient world, the custom of the priests from time to time clean the treasuries, to make room for new gifts. Since the offering to the deity were considered sacred, and they could not just throw out, they were buried in special pits - Botros - on the territory of the sanctuary. In the sanctuary of Apollo and there is a hole, located near the eastern gate. It was found a lot of floor tiles and vases - from the V century BC. э. to the Roman period.

Near Botros, against the "Southern Building" begins a narrow street, paved with stone slabs, leading to the very temple of Apollo. Left it protects the low wall on the right is "House of priests." Small rooms of the building adjacent to the square yard facing the street; on the other side of the courtyard are the treasury of the temple premises; the walls of these buildings remained at a considerable height.

Moving further north along the street leading to the temple, the visitor had to pass the fence of the ancient, archaic sanctuary; during excavations it was found many vases and votive terracotta VIII-V centuries BC. э. The street leads directly to the foot of the Temple of Apollo, miniature size that countries clashing with an impressive complex of the entire sanctuary. This will undoubtedly affect old Cypriot tradition that the center of the sanctuary was not a temple but in the open air altar around which to perform all religious ceremonies. Such an altar there, and in the sanctuary of Apollo, but traces of it has survived. We only know that this altar is highly revered Cypriots. Greek writer 1 century BC. э. Strabo says that the blasphemer, dared to insult the altar at least a simple touch to it, waiting for a terrible penalty: it dumped into the sea from high cliffs that frame the coast in the area of ​​the sanctuary.

The temple of Apollo was built on the model of Roman temples. He stood on the highest podium, which led to the sweeping staircase. Small Celle preceded by four-column portico. Now, the building remained only the bases.

The complex of the sanctuary of Apollo Gilad completed two monuments located already outside the sacred enclosure around him, but is closely associated with it. In eastern Kurionskih, the gate of the sanctuary, closely adjacent to the monumental staircase leading to the gate, stands a strange double, as if fused columns marking the corner of the rectangular yard vast palestra - building for gymnastic exercises. Gymnastic games in honor of the deity - a typical and widespread in the ancient religious tradition. Palaestras existed at all major shrines of ancient Greece. Palestra sanctuary of Apollo is built on customary for such facilities plan: its center is a vast open area of ​​rectangular shape with all four sides by a Doric colonnade. From most of the colonies survived only the lower parts; they are similar to the columns of the sanctuary - smooth-bore, small, rather flat capitals.

A unique feature of this building is the already mentioned double corner columns. These drums are carved from a single block of stone, on the inner side trunks clearly segregated from each other, they merge with the exterior, forming a rounded corner. On both sides of palestra frame restrooms and dressing athletes. They kept pretty bad: only in some places rises built of small stones of the wall; very carefully, from the well-hewn stone slabs made lintel penetrate their doors and windows. The west wall is arranged niche in which stood a statue of an athlete, ball game - apparently, that this game was especially popular here. This statue, found during excavations, are now kept in the museum, and its place was taken by a plaster cast.

In the northwest corner of the palestra, at the foot of the double columns, is a huge stone vessel water Valium forms, only half survived. Probably, it was used for washing the athletes after exercise. However, they could wash and more thoroughly in the baths, the building of which was against the palestra, on the other side of the road that led to the sanctuary of Apollo Curio.

The building baths, consisting of a series of small rooms, from which, as from other buildings of the sanctuary, only the foundations remain, differs remarkably well-designed layout. Going through the lobby to the waiting room, the visitor then passes a term in a room for undressing, followed frigidarium with a mosaic swimming pool, cold water; Only after going through it, you could get into the room with warm bath - Tepidarium, occupying two rooms, and finally, in the caldarium - hot bath. For it is directly adjacent to the furnace room, where warm air is circulated through the building under the floors and pipes laid in the walls.

The whole complex of the Sanctuary of Apollo took its final form during the reign of Emperor Trajan, about 100 years BC. e., according to the preserved inscriptions. The sanctuary was destroyed during the strong earthquake in 364 / 365 AD and then it settled the ancient herdsmen. Some of the destroyed buildings have been restored.

Address: Kourion, Limassol
Hours of operationDaily: 08: 00 - 17: 00 (November - March), 08: 00 - 18: 00 (April - mo0y), (September - October), 08: 00 - 19: 30 (June - August).
Work period: all year round
Entrance fee: 1,71 euros

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