Close Troodos mountain range is located in the western part of Cyprus. It is stretching on 80 km ridge, covered with pine trees, so do not like the sunny seaside resort of Cyprus, that is really worthy of at least a one-day private excursions.
Here you can visit the many monasteries and see interensoe natural and historical sites preserved in the mountains, skiing or just a breath of fresh air.
Kykkos Monastery founded in 1100, in honor of the Blessed Virgin is now the largest, well-known and rich in Cyprus. He is known throughout the Orthodox world, and here all year round pilgrims. The monastery is one of the three surviving icons of the Virgin, the authorship of which is ascribed to St. Luke. Although the monastery burned to the ground several times, the icon has always remained intact.
Kykkos Monastery is one of the most famous monasteries in Cyprus. Holy Kykkos Monastery is located in the western part of Troodos ridge, at an altitude of 1200 meters above sea level. The full name of the monastery - Royal Stavropegic Holy Kykkos Monastery. Kykkotissa Monastery of Our Lady was founded around the end of the XI century. Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (1081-1118), so he called the king. Stauropegic monastery named because the cornerstone of the construction of a cross ("Stavros").
This monastery is dedicated to Panagia (Holy Mary) Eleusa. Holy Icon of the Mother of God - a gift to the Emperor Alexius Comnenus, and one of three icons painted by St. Luke the Evangelist, placed in a convent. The main source of the history of the monastery is the story of the founding of the Holy Kykkos Monastery and the history of the miraculous icon of the Mother of God, written by well-known Ephraim Athens in 1751 year. Ephraim had access to earlier documents and descriptions of the monastery, dated 1422 year before they were destroyed during the fire, when the church was burned and its facilities.
So far, there is no precise explanation as to the name of the place Kykkos. One point of view is of the opinion that the name is derived from the bush that grew apart in the area known as Kokkos or Kokkonen. According to another point of view, are the roots of the word cookie or the like indicating the voice or song birds, which is prophetic believe singing human voice:
"Kykkou, Kykkou hill Kykkos,
On-site there monastery
Golden lady enters it
And never again will. "
It is understood that the "golden lady" - is an icon of the Mother of God, and Monastery - Royal Stavropegic Holy Kykkos Monastery, where the holy icon is already more than 900 years.
Concerning the history of the monastery, the following tradition exists. In one of the caves on Mount Kykkos lived a virtuous hermit named Isaiah. Once, the Byzantine ruler of the island Manuel Vutomitis, who had a rest in the hot summer in the village of Maratasas. went to the forest to hunt. Having lost his way, he lost his way in the woods, where he, having lost his way, met the monk Isaiah. Vutomitis asked him to show him the way back. However, the ascetic who escaped peace left the request unanswered. Then, angered by his disdainful attitude towards himself, Vutomitis not only cursed the monk, but also struck him. A little time passed and the ruler of the island, returning to Nicosia, fell ill with an incurable disease. Vutomitis remembered how inhumanly he behaved with a hermit, Isaiah. Wanting to go and personally apologize to him, Vutomitis asked God to heal him, which immediately happened. However, God appeared before the ascetic, telling him that everything happened happened according to the will of God. After this, God persuaded him to demand from Vootomitis to bring to Cyprus an icon of the Mother of God, which the apostle Luke wrote and which was kept in the imperial palace in Constantinople. Vutomitis shuddered with fear when he heard Isaiah's desire, for it seemed to him impracticable. Then the monk, in order to achieve his goal, explained to him that it was about the will of God, after which they agreed to go to Constantinople together.
Time passed, and Vutomitis was still not given the opportunity to meet with. emperor and ask him for an icon. Therefore, having provided monk Isaiah with everything necessary, and also assuring him that he would soon see the emperor, Vutomitis sent the hermits back to Cyprus. At God's discretion, the daughter of the Byzantine emperor fell ill with the same illness as Vutomitis. Manuil, taking advantage of the opportunity to appear before the emperor Alexis, went to him and told his own story, convincing him thus that the healing of his daughter will happen at a time when Alexy will send to Cyprus the Holy Icon of the Mother of God, However, the emperor, unwilling to part with the icon of the Mother of God, invited to the court of the best icon-painter and ordered him to write a copy of the Holy Icon to send it to Cyprus instead of the original.
In the evening the Virgin herself appeared in a dream to the Emperor and told him that it will send Her Holy icon to Cyprus, and a copy of it may keep. The next day the imperial ship with the icon of the Mother of God on the board went to Cyprus, where she met a monk Isaiah. Popular rumor has it that when the icon was transferred to. coast in the Troodos mountains, forest reverently bowed their branches, thus commemorating the holy icon. The money allocated to the Emperor Alexius I Komnenos. It was erected a temple where the icon was placed, and built a monastery.
Since its foundation, the Kikk monastery has suffered many disasters, and the most destructive fires have been. Rescuing the icon from these fires was really the greatest miracle. In 1365 year the monastery was completely destroyed. About this there is such a story: "On the day of the fire, many sick people gathered in the Monastery with the belief in miracles, created by Panagia and hope for their recovery. At that time in the Monastery a poor man was visiting, who was completely paralyzed. A local resident from a neighboring village went to the mountains to collect wild honey. Finding honey, he lit a fire to drive away the bees. Unfortunately, the fire flared so violently that it reached the Monastery itself. At this point, the paralyzed man seemed to be in a vision and heard Theotokos telling him: "Rise quickly, take the icon and go, escape!" The paralyzed man, not believing his eyes, stood on his strong legs. Seeing the approaching fire, he grabbed the Holy Icon and hid it high on a pine tree on the south side of the Monastery. The grief of the monks did not have a limit, because they could not find the icon. Suddenly their eyes fell on the place where there was no fire, although a fire was raging around. The monks rushed there and faced a double miracle: the salvation of the Icon and the recovery of the paralyzed man. The monastery was destroyed, but the Holy Icon was saved. The monastery was rebuilt on the money of Elionora, the wife of Peter Lusignen. She was in Marafasa and this area was given to her as a dowry.
In 1541, when a monk of St. Simeon was abbot of the monastery, there came another devastating fire, but we do not have the details of the event of its occurrence.
In 1751 the monastery burned for a third time. Details of the events recorded on the board in the wall of the west wing of the monastery. "That the beauty of the Monastery, you see, was created thanks to the dedication and efforts of skilled artisans. In 1751 year, for some unknown reason, a fire destroyed the church and all the adjacent buildings. Monks have been saved through the grace of the Mother of God, which they put on the two years in the basilica, and then to the Holy Monastery of the year. Later, Reverend, abbot of the monastery, built it again, and made him humble Meletios.
In 1813 the monastery was destroyed by fire for the fourth time. This event tells us the inscription found on the outside of the entrance to the church: "In 1813 year, 8-July, in the terrible night of the medium, the raging fire was much stronger than in previous fires, because after there was nothing left of what is contained in the side of the church, by divine providence and monks. With the help of Panagia Monastery was later rebuilt again, as beautiful as you see it now ... "
The monastery survived not only the disaster. During the Ottoman period, the icon has repeatedly been jeopardized by marauding raids, and monks often had to replace this icon, hiding it in a cave. And then Kutchyuk Mehmet ordered to rob the monastery and bring him abbot Joseph shackled in chains. Later, Joseph was beheaded along with the other monks in the period of the bloody July 1821
The Church of the Kikk Monastery was originally wooden and therefore the fire that arose in 1365 had no particular difficulty in destroying it. The next church, built in 1500, made of wood and stone, was also destroyed in 1541, and was rebuilt using only a stone - it was a new one-room church with a side nave. The church with three naves, in a form that has survived to this day, was built in 1745. Its damage, which occurred with time, was generally corrected. The church is built in the style of a basilica with a dome, the central nave of which is dedicated to Panagi, the left one to Archangels Michael and Gabriel, and the right one to all the Saints.
The monastery in 1997 was opened museum where exhibits and numerous relics of the monastery. Read more about the museum Kykkos Monastery here.
In the Kikks Monastery a unique relic is kept: the icon of the Kikkian Mother of God (Panagia Eleusa). Actually Panagie (St. Mary) Eleus and dedicated to this monastery. It says that St. Luke (an apostle of seventy, an associate of the Apostle Paul, a Christian saint, revered as the author of one of the four Gospels and Acts of the Holy Apostles) wrote this icon - one of his three creations - using Theotokos as the model: the very Mother of God, when she was still alive. By giving, the angels gave him three "dostochki" for the three icons, respectively. The icon is made with mastic and wax and depicts the Mother of God holding her son. It is believed that Panagia herself was delighted with the icon, exclaiming at her sight: "May the grace of the Lord, His, whom I gave birth, live in me with her."
With this icon there were many adventures. After the Dormition of the Mother of God, Luke went to Egypt, taking an icon with him. After the death of Luke, the icon remained in the hands of Christian believers who rescued it during the days of iconoclasm. In 730, the emperor Leo III Isaurus forbade veneration of icons. The result of iconoclasm was the destruction of thousands of icons, as well as mosaics, frescoes, statues of saints and painted altars in many churches. Iconoclasm was officially recognized at the Iconoclastic Cathedral in 754 with the support of the Emperor Constantine V Copronima, who severely took up arms against icon-worshipers, especially monks.
Once the believers who was an icon, decided to take her to Greece, but they were not lucky as the ship came to the Arabs, who took them captive. Fortunately, after a short stay in the sea, past the two proply¬vali Byzantine ship, which rescued the Christians, and the captains took the icon with him to Constantinople and gave it as a gift to the Emperor.
And in the beginning of XII century Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos gave the icon Cypriot hermit Isaiah and gave funds for the establishment of the Holy Monastery of Kykkos on the mountain, where it placed.
Kikkotissa Panagia (from Kykkos) known as Panagia Eleousa - a source of mercy (eleos) believers. As ikonografichseky type Eleousa Virgin is a depiction of the Virgin and clung to her cheek Christ.
The icon of Panagia Kikkotissa placed on the iconostasis of the church, to the left of the central doors of the iconostasis, the third in a series on the carved oak throne inlaid with gold. Initially, the icon was decorated with gold inlay and covered with silver in 1576 year, which replaced a similar coating in 1795 year. The museum of the monastery are still preserved the first coating icons.
At the bottom of the cover decorated with an inscription, which in simple language reads as follows: "This is one of the three most worthy icons painted by the Apostle Luke, on the instructions of the Holy Virgin Mary, seven years after the Ascension. Virgin called "Eleousa", since it is the source of mercy. The icon was brought here during the reign of Alexius Comnenus and was originally covered with precious metals in 1576 year when abbot was Gregory, and 1795 year ,, when the abbot Meletios was respectable. "
Holy icons, and covered her face is not visible, perhaps this was the desire of Alexius Comnenus, or so she gets more respect from the pilgrims.
The icon has always been closed and this tradition continues to remain a religious faith and holy reverence. Of course, there were a number of exceptions (violations), the most famous of which are the following:
1. In 1699 year, Gerasimos, the patriarch of Alexandria, very cultural and spiritual leader, visited the monastery and tried to lift the veil from the face of the icon of the Mother of God. The penalty, which he was subject, and forgiveness that he had received, by Gerasimos confirmed in a letter sent in 1751 year, in which he describes what he saw.
2. John, the most loyal monk from Rhodes, enlightenment and educated man, visited Jerusalem in 1776 year. On his way back he stopped in the monastery and stayed the night in the church. At one point he tried to remove the veil from the icons, but a sudden a bright light coming out of it for a while blinded him. Monks prayed, and his sight was restored.
For island and Christians Kykkos Mother of God is the assistant for all those in need, as well as a wicked avenging angel. Handprint on the right of the icon remains as a reminder of the person whose hand withered when he reached out to defile the icon. Next to this hand weighs language swordfish, passed the monastery in memory of the next miracle. The inscription tells us about it in detail:
«15-1718 October, the ship traveling from Aliki (near Larnaca) to Cape St. Andreas at night attacked a large sea monster known as the swordfish, which struck side of the ship. Water began to arrive in large numbers, the ship filled with water and began to sink. People on board the ship began to frantically shout loudly, devoutly imploring the fate of "Panagia Kykkou! Help us! "And in fact, a miracle happened and the ship saved by a true story!"
For centuries we have believed until now that the icon of Panagia Kykkou works wonders.
Abbot of the fathers of the Royal Stavropegial Holy Kykkos Monastery, wanting to contribute to the spiritual and cultural development of the people through the preservation, study and display of works of art, which has for more than 900 years holds within its walls the old convent Kykkotissa Mother of God, decided to create a research center opened Museum of the Holy Kykkos Monastery.
The abbot of the monastery, taking into account all the scientific requirements to be met by a modern museum, like, at the same time, create a richly decorated exhibition center, which would be reminded of the glory and majesty of the Byzantine Empire and reveals the essence of the term "Royal", which is contained in the official title monastery and directly connects it with the Byzantine Empire, which conceived the idea of founding the Holy Kykkos Monastery and where the money had been allocated for its construction.
The construction of the museum was carried out by the architectural bureau "I. And L. Filippos. " The floors of the halls of the museum are lined with granite and marble. The ceilings, trimmed with walnut wood, are decorated with carvings and gilding. Expensive materials, thoughtful lighting, Byzantine musical accompaniment, unique exhibits, most of which are made of precious materials, gold, silver, smalt, ivory, silk, purple, pearls and other stones - all this immerses the visitor in a special atmosphere, which helps to feel the spirit of past times and mentally imagine the glory and grandeur of Hellenism and Orthodoxy.
Exhibition halls of the museum located in the northwest part of the monastery. Through the entrance, located on the north side of the large inner courtyard of the monastery, you will come to the museum. Entering the door luxury chetyrёhstvorchatye vaulted entrance and up the stairs oblong, you will find yourself in the lobby of the museum, where in-depth, in a specially equipped place (room №5), is a gift shop where you can buy books, slides, postcards, copies of exhibits many more.
In the middle of the granite floor is lined with marble image of a bee, the name of the abbot of the monastery of Mr. Nikiforos and the date of construction of the museum - 1995 of Bee, which symbolizes the hard work and obedience, is the official coat of arms of Kykkos abbot from the XVIII century. On the left, on the south wall hangs a plaque with the following text:
"The building that you see a visitor, the museum called the Holy Kykkos Monastery. Its like a safe repository of cultural monuments, built abbot Mr. Nikiforos, benefactor of good initiatives in izbavitelny year 1995, in order to remember him in their prayers future generations. "
In the first room of the museum demonstrates the pre-Christian cultural monuments. The bulk of the exposure of the Cypriot ceramics from the Bronze Age (2300 BC) to the Roman era, inclusive (50 BC - 330 AD). The collection includes various types of vessels and destinations.
A large rectangular hall (№ 2) is positioned relative to the hall to the north. It presents the cultural monuments of Byzantine and poslevizantiyskogo period (IV century. N.e.- Ser. XX c.). Early Christian collection contains mainly bronze artifacts - lamps, crosses of different types, censers, chandeliers, lamps stand.
The museum has a rich collection of art articles made of gold and silver. The diverse liturgical utensils, Holy Chalice, the tabernacle, the paten, lamps, hand censer (kapei) vessels myrrh, reliquaries, staves, Zion, dikiri and trikiri (bishop's candlesticks), vessels for holy water, spoons, salaries liturgical Gospels - is that was given to the museum of Cyprus, Asia Minor (Smyrna, Cappadocia, Constantinople), and even far-away Russia.
Kykkos Monastery is known for its rare collection of holy relics, which are in his possession. The holy relics are stored in special ark (Sion), mainly wood or silver, the so-called reliquary. Most of them have a closed book, which is decorated with the image of Our Lady of Kykkotissa and faces of the saints, the particles of the holy relics are located within these reliquary. Special openings inside are designed to accommodate the particles of holy relics and the cross.
Exhibition of icons continues in the next room, which is located a relatively large room in the west. In this room we enter the hall № 2 through a small corridor. The octagonal dome of the hall there is an image of Christ Pantocrator (the artist Sozos Yannudis). Granite floor in the middle of the hall is decorated with a peacock, a symbol of Heavenly Paradise. The floor is laid out multi-colored pieces of marble (Master George Greysher). In this room except the icons shown Byzantine frescoes, woodcarving and church utensils.
Other artistic values represented in the museum are paper icons, religious engravings that monastery or print and distribute its pilgrims during the Turkish rule, or used them to illustrate various publications.
Area famous Troodos one of the largest groups of Byzantine churches and monasteries dating from the beginning of the XI century to the XVI. The complex is made up of eleven sites included in the World Heritage List, and richly decorated with murals, provides an overview of Byzantine and post-Byzantine of the painting in Cyprus. These sites are very different - from small churches, rustic architectural style which contrasts strongly with their exquisite finish to large monasteries.
According to the II, III, IV criteria in 1985 9 churches with paintings in the Troodos area (Church of St. Nicholas in Kakopetria, Church of Our Lady Asina (Panagia Forviotissa) in Nikitari, Monastery of St. Lampadystis in Kalopanaetis, Church of Our Lady Arakiotissa in Lagudera, in Pelendri, the Temple of the Virgin Mutulas in Mutulas, the Temple of the Archangel Michael in Pedulas, the Temple of the Holy Cross in Platanistis, the Temple of Panagia Podita in Galata) were included in the list of world cultural heritage under the number 351. The fact that churches are included in the list according to the aforementioned criteria determined the following: their murals go back to the Byzantine civilization, for example the church in Nikitari and Lagudere, where the name of Alexis Comnenus was mentioned in the dedication, probably painted by artists from Constantinople, and the Church in Lagudera was painted in The time of the fall of the Comneni dynasty and the sale of Cyprus to Lusignan, i. the complex is an exceptional evidence of cultural tradition and civilization (criterion III); the church of the Troodos district is a well-preserved example of rural religious architecture in the Byzantine period, the decor represents a contrast with their simple structure, the murals of the last post-Byzantine painters with their "rustic" style are in harmony with this folk architecture, ie, objects are an outstanding example of the type structure (in this case a model of "roof" temple construction), illustrating an important stage in the history of mankind (criterion IV); although the existence of any direct influence on the Cypriot iconography art can not be confirmed accurately, during the XII century there really existed very close relations between Cyprian and Western Christian art (similar style, iconographic techniques), thus, The above-mentioned religious buildings reflect the importance of the interconnection of human values that exist over a period of time and within a particular cultural area, and the development of architecture and monumental art (Criterion II).
Summarizing all the above, we can say that the uniqueness of the churches of the Troodos region is a special architectural "roof" type hramostroitelstva and paintings.
In 2001, under number 351bis according to I, II, III, IV and VI of the criteria to the list of world heritage attached Church of the Transfiguration of Christ in Paleochora (beginning. XVI c.), And in 2005, the treasury of the world cultural heritage deposited in the temple of the Holy Sozomenos Galata, dating from the XVI century.
In the XII century. The Church of the Holy Cross in the village of Pelendri was built - a three-vaulted, domed church with unique paintings. At the beginning of the 4th century, St. Helena, the mother of the Byzantine emperor Constantine the Great, made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and returned to Constantinople. The storm made Elena seek refuge on the coast of Cyprus. At night the Life-giving Cross of the Lord, which the queen found in Jerusalem and carried with her, mysteriously disappeared and soared above the high mountain, illuminating the island of Cyprus with her radiance. After conquering the Divine Sign, Saint Helena erected several Christian monasteries and churches in Cyprus to the glory of the Cross. From generation to generation a legend was told about the Cross hovering over the island, and in Cyprus they continued to build more and more temples dedicated to the Holy Cross. One of these temples was built in Pelendri in the 12th century.
At that time, the village was a feudal property of the Prince of Antioch and John Constable of Cyprus I and belonged to him, at least until that terrible moment when he fell victim to the treacherous conspiracy. Later, who succeeded King John II gave Pelendri his queen Helena Palaeologus. And these vast lands, until the middle of the XV century, remained in the possession of the royal family.
One-nave dome church, with a pointed vault and side niches, was executed in the Franco-Byzantine style. Then the arch, cut through the central niche, connected the later built northern aisle with the nave, which, almost certainly, was a Latin chapel. In the following centuries the church was rebuilt and reconstructed many times. The last addition was the southern side-chapel, and the entire structure was taken under a common roof. Today the Church of the Holy Cross includes three naves, of which only one - the central one - is completed by the apse protruding from the temple. The southern part is decorated with a partially preserved internal apse, which is completely lost near the northern aisle. The temple is crowned with a drum with a tent and a cross.
Painted the temple of the canons of the Byzantine church painting. The central dome of the usual image of Christ Almighty (Pantocrator) surrounded by gods, including the symbolic images of the evangelists: the angel (Matthew), a lion (Mark), bull (Luke) and the eagle (John). Sixteen of the prophets of the Old Testament, raznesshih good news around the world, have their traditional place in the spaces between the windows of the drum.
At the altar, where the top of the apse reveal the image of the Virgin Mary "Oranta" with the appearance of Jesus Christ in a medallion. The traditional scene of the Communion of the Apostles (the Eucharist), occupied in ancient times in the middle of the altar wall of the temple of the Holy Cross is absent. Under the image of the Virgin placed creators of Christian worship, such as Cyprus and the saints - Spiridon and Epiphanius Trifonos.
The true ornament of the central nave is a wooden iconostasis, with beautiful gilded carvings and ornaments, composed of simple geometric shapes - squares and triangles, with a predominance of gold, red, gray and black colors. Although the temple is dedicated to the Holy Cross, an image of Jesus Christ it does not dominate. The inner space of the central nave is occupied more detailed description of the life of Our Lady. In 14 the pictures fit the narrative of the life of Mary and, finished a traditional scene of the Assumption.
The New Testament cycle presented today on the south wall of the nave and the vaults with scenes of the Last Supper, the Crucifixion and the Ascension. In the bottom row of the central hall a series of saints rotates. Among them are images of the apostles Peter and Paul, St. Anthony (the founder of monasticism) and St. Simeon.
The presence of the coat of arms in Northern chapel of the temple suggests that it was the chapel of noble lords, and possibly the Prince John, younger brother of King Petros I. After the symbolism associated with the image of a lion, was a feature of Lusignan.
Decorates a small chapel carved gilded iconostasis.
In the church are kept two large wooden cross. Silver salary of one of them completely covered with scenes from the life of Jesus. In the center - under the image of SS Constantine and Helena with the True Cross-found, a small cavity-saving small symbolic bronze cross.
Wall paintings of the temple are made in two different artistic styles. One of them reflects the tradition of the so-called renaissance Palaeologus. In this manner discharged dome vault of the sanctuary, the eastern and northern side chapel of the sail. These paintings are elegant and soft delicate flowers. For other typical post-Byzantine style, detailed and somewhat rustic. Saturated colors and intense, angular shapes, and stocky.
A couple of centuries ago, the Church of the Holy Cross in Pelendri been abandoned. Every winter from its stone walls stoned huge snowdrifts. And only in the early twentieth century by the villagers it was restored and appeared in his charm admiring glances of people. The church is under the protection of UNESCO 1985 years.
According to legend, in this quiet and secluded place, where giant pine trees break into the blue of the sky, refugees from Agiasmati, not far from Constantinople, founded in the memory of the land of the fathers the monastery of the same name. They, in all likelihood, brought with them from Asia Minor a manuscript containing colorful miniatures that told about St. Helen, her search and finding the True Cross. This legend, popular in the West during the time of the Crusades, was not so widespread in the Byzantine world. How the fate of the monastery developed, we do not know. But at the beginning of the 18th century, when monk Vasiliy Barsky traveled through Cyprus, the monastic life in Agyasmati was already dying out. And to this day history has preserved only the ancient Byzantine church, unique in architectural and artistic terms, which today is protected by UNESCO's international organization.
Church of Exaltation of the Holy Cross (Agiasmati) is located in the village of Platanistasa (area of Nicosia) - in the east of the Troodos Mountains, just below the village of Lagoudera. This church - the only surviving structure of a small monastery, which is mentioned in the inscription above the southern entrance to the temple.
The Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross was built in the early Venetian period, at the very end of the XV century. All its walls, both internal and external, decorated luxurious frescoes. To protect them from the vagaries of the weather, the church was surrounded on four sides by a portico wider on the west side, where the narthex (lobby) usually settled, and erected a steep wooden roof covered with flat tiles, creating a unique structure that kept under its roof a beautiful and unique, not only for Cyprus, but for the whole world, a museum of frescoes. In the central and the only nave, which is traditionally crowned in the east by a semicircular apse, three entrances lead from the covered gallery.
The church was built at the expense of the priest Petar Petaria and his wife of Pepany and painted on their funds by Philip Gul (a Syrian by birth, considered in those years one of the best artists) or in 1494, or 1505. He was painted by the icon painter Philip Gul, except for the outer part of the western wall, on which the "Second Coming" is depicted. In the first half of the XX century. this fresco was rewritten and its composition changed. The uniqueness of the murals of the temple is also in the fact that in his work the artist used three different artistic styles. Philip Hoole, who is well acquainted with Western painting, tried to reconcile Byzantine and Western traditions with the local flavor.
Exhibitions of painting can be divided into two cycles: 30 scenes from the New Testament are located in the top tier of the nave, and in the bottom of the image are located 30 saints.
To the left of the altar in the northern niche is the Holy Cross, to which the church is dedicated. All the niche space and every corner of the arch occupy miniature scenes. They tell the story of the finding of St. Helen the Life-giving Cross. According to legend, Queen Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine, deeply honoring the Cross of the Lord and eager to find it, in 326 year went to Jerusalem. Having gathered all the Jewish people, she tried to find out where the Cross was buried, on which Jesus Christ was crucified. But no one remembered that. Angry, the queen promised to severely punish the silent. And then people pointed to Judas, in whose family the legend of the Holy Cross was carefully preserved. But the Jew stubbornly denied the truth of what he said. Then the queen ordered to throw him into a deep pit and leave without food. On the third day, Judas decided to tell Elena that during the prayer at Calvary, enlightenment came to him, and he felt where the True Cross was buried. In this place, Saint Elena organized the first archaeological excavations of the Christian relic. Then they found three crosses and a plaque with the words: "Jesus of Nazareth, King of Judah." The finds were solemnly handed over to the queen. To find out which of them is the True, the crosses in turn began to bring to the deceased woman. And when they laid the Cross of Christ, a miracle happened - the woman came to life. Judas believed in God and accepted Christianity, later he became Bishop of Jerusalem under the name of Syriacos. Later, he found the nails that were driven into the body of Christ, and brought them as a gift to the queen. The painting, on which the kneeling Elena thanks the bishop, closes the cycle of scenes dedicated to the search for the Cross of the Lord. And if traditionally on both sides of the Cross are depicted Constantine and Helena, which symbolizes his miraculous acquisition, then in the church of Agyasmati at the base of the Cross - soldiers-saints clothed in Roman armor with crosses on their chests. These peculiar details underscore the extraordinary opening of the theme of the Cross and reflect the influence of Western culture on the artist's work. It was in this composition that the skill of Philip Goul, who managed to adapt the realistic style of the book miniature to the Byzantine system of monumental painting, was manifested.
Church of Archangel Michael was built in the village of Pedoulas - at the head of the valley Marafas, half a mile above the village Mutullas. A feature of the Church of the Archangel Michael in Pedoulas can be considered clearly indicated the authorship of the frescoes, as well as a rich range depicts scenes - from the Old to the New Testament.
Vaulted, with a wooden roof and a semicircular apse, open to the east, according to the inscription dedicating the northern entrance of the church of the Archangel Michael was built and decorated in 1474, the priest Vasilios on donations Chamadosa. Any information stored in the Library of the Greek Patriarchate of Jerusalem, the temple of Archangel already 1472 city existed on this site may have a somewhat different form. Images donators (donors) Vasilios Chamadosa with his wife and children, prepodnosyaschih temple of Archangel Michael can be seen above the southern door.
From the harsh mountain weather and building murals protects gable roof - a feature of many churches in the Troodos.
The wooden iconostasis of the church - one of the most interesting in Cyprus, and in the center of the cornice - the emblem of Lusignan, which indicates that the chapel was within the boundaries of the royal fief, but in addition, we can find here and the two-headed Byzantine eagle imperial dynasty.
From inside, the whole church is painted with frescoes. This church is one of the few in Cyprus, in which the name of the artist who adorned it was preserved. On the western triangle, you can read the inscription, which mentions the author of the frescoes - Minas of Mirianfusa. Master Minas worked in the Byzantine icon-painting style. The painter Minas is known for the image of Our Lady of the Odigitria (Guide), now stored in the Byzantine Museum, founded by Archbishop Makarios III. Minas is also considered the author of two images located in the Church of the Holy Cross in Pedulas - a reduced version of the Odigitria and Archangel Michael.
Of special value are the images of the Virgin of Vlahernitis, created by Minas, surrounded by the archangels Michael and Gabriel in the apse of the apse; Archangel Michael on the north wall and St. George on the south. St. George is depicted traditionally galloping, finely spaced creases of a fluttering scarlet raincoat attract attention with the "proprietary" red color of Minas. The figure of Archangel Michael extends forward, occupying the entire northern wall. The scale of the image is monumental, which allows you to enjoy the elegant letter of the garments of the heavenly warrior, carefully spelled out the feathers of his angelic wings and youthful curls. This image can rightly be considered one of the most grandiose ever created by Cypriot masters. Mikhail's gaze is proud and harsh at the same time, it reads the resolve to eternally fulfill God's will and fight with evil forces.
The church is completely painted on two levels: the Festival eleven scenes at the top of the cycle, the images of saints on the bottom, the Crucifixion and the Ascension on the pediments. Almost all of the divine history passes before us on the temple walls. On the eastern end of the north wall of the artist depicted the scene Sacrifice of Isaac, and from both sides of the apse, at the Ascension of Christ, are the images of Old Testament kings - David and Solomon.
The history of the New Testament takes place in the upper tier of the south, west and north walls. It begins with the Nativity of the Virgin Mary and the introduction of Mary in the Temple, continues with scenes of the Annunciation, the Nativity, the introduction of Christ in the Temple and Baptism. On the west wall - Entry into Jerusalem and the Betrayal of Judas and the Crucifixion (on the front) and the prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah.
Exquisite beauty imbued with images of St. Barbara in the left part of the north wall and the Saints Constantine and Helen, on the other hand.
In the lush cherry orchards Mutullas old village, on one of the low hills, sheltered a small village church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the full title of which - Church of Our Lady Mutullas. This is another jewel in the precious necklace of the Troodos churches, protected by an international organization UNESCO.
Temple built the XIII century. His appearance austere and simple: the traditional one-storey rectangular building with a semicircular apse indispensable in the east - a symbol of belonging to eternity. It was the church of the Virgin Mutullas is a vivid example of the "rooftop" hramostroitelstva Cyprus.
The inner space of the church was once extended. Thanks to the northern and western galleries, not only the area of the temple has increased, but additional protection of the wall paintings from the curiosities of the weather has appeared. About the date of the end of the construction of the church reads the inscription under the image of the donors who allocated funds for its erection, John Mutullas and his wife Irina. In their hands, they hold a model of a small church, brought as a gift to the Mother of God. The only nave of the church, with its deaf walls and mysterious semi-darkness, close and small in volume, accommodated accordingly a reduced number of frescos. Their style, with large figures, devoid of plasticity, and lack of colorful details, is quite conservative. The manner of artistic performance certainly reflects the mystical influence of the Crusaders.
The lower part of the western wall of the church is almost completely filled with images of women martyrs. Among them, the holy Maurus, St. Anastasia and St. Barbara in clothes embroidered with stones and with the royal crown on her head. Her image was discharged in the traditional Byzantine style of the XIII century. Here is also an extremely rare image of St. Marina. The image of the Holy Great illustration of the "Raising of Lazarus" and "Triumphal Entry of Jesus into Jerusalem."
In the center of the western wall there is a fresco "Crucifixion". Interesting details can be found on the fresco of St. George. Everything, at first glance, looks traditional: a holy warrior riding a bay horse, with a spear, in chain mail and a fluttering red cloak. But with whom does he fight? An anthropoid dragon, with a naked female figure, head crowned with a crown, and rough features. Its scaly tail is twisted into dense rings. The hands of the monster with difficulty hold the spear, ready just about to sink into his neck. Such an unusual interpretation of the familiar image of the dragon pushes thoughts on the meaning of the plot and the presence of subtext.
The image of the Last Judgement was created on the outside of the northern wall of the temple to the right of the entrance. The paintings are made on a thin layer of plaster, applied to a thick layer of clay mixed with straw. The complex thematic composition includes a lot of unique minisyuzhetov with rare, interesting details. Here, Christ the triple aura, and the apostles, in the nimbus of which the initials of their names.
The name of the artist - the creator of ancient murals in the ancient church of the Virgin in Mutullas - historians is unknown. Definitely can only say that he painted in local traditions of the XI century, without ignoring, however, and modern trends. In his works, eastern motifs and elements of the so-called murals of the "crusaders" are felt, which is present in the European book miniature and in the icons of St. Catherine's Monastery in Sinai. This is most clearly seen in scenes about the life of Christ: not the correct proportions of figures, large heads, wide open eyes, a limited range of colors, the absence of halftones, naivety of expression, the dominant red color. Nevertheless, all this attracts, fascinates and creates a spiritual emotional sphere inside this small cozy, village church.
On a hill near the center of the picturesque mountain village of Paleochora, known under this name since the end of XIII century and belonged to the Hospitallers, it remained rare Byzantine monuments - the temple of the Transfiguration. The exact date of the founding of the church is unknown: historians date this event is the beginning of the XVI century.
The architectural style of the ancient stone building with a steep gable roof was typical for the Troodos mountain churches. A small rectangular structure, as usual, ends in the east with a semicircular apse with a spherical dome. The interior of the only nave is decorated with two arched niches, located on different sides of the altar. The transverse wooden beams support the roof and are lined with openwork carvings and rich vegetal ornamentation. The narthex (vestibule) annexed in the XVII century in the form of a covered gallery from the western and southern sides of the building helped to preserve up to now separate fragments of murals of external walls dating from 1612 year, as indicated by the inscription on the inner door lintel. Restored the church twice: in 1655 and 1874. Today, the Church of the Transfiguration of Christ is surrounded by a small paved courtyard, the design of which was created with the direct participation of the Leventis Foundation. In 2001, under the number 351bis according to I, II, III, IV and VI criteria, this ancient church was included in the UNESCO Heritage List.
The special value of the temple is its numerous frescoes covering the entire inner space of the nave and most fully representing the iconographic cycle of the biblical stories of the Byzantine period. Unfortunately, the time of creating the paintings and the artist's name are not known exactly. However, the stylistic resemblance to the manner of Philip Gool, who worked in the churches of the Holy Cross in Agiosmati and St. Mamas in Luvaras at the end of the XV century, as well as the technique of performing the faces of the saints, inherent to the artist Simeon Aksentis, who painted the temples of St. Sozomenos, the Virgin Podit and Archangel Michael in Galata at the beginning XVI century, allowed the Cypriot scientists to assume that the church in Palekhori was decorated in the second decade of the XVI century.
The temple in the ancient village has been erected in honor of the most important holiday of the Church - the Transfiguration of Christ, which symbolizes the phenomenon of the kingdom of God on earth. The church icon of Transfiguration of Our Lord, made at the beginning of the eighteenth century, a famous artist Matheus Kotlomosiosom the sacred Mount Athos, now adorns the old gilded iconostasis, painted in symbolic colors: red (the color of the blood of Christ), and blue (the color of the sky). It takes its place alongside the traditional icon of the Savior to the right of the royal doors, where it should be an icon, which is dedicated to the temple.
The altar of the temple imprinted image of the Virgin Orans (Ladies archangels). It depicts a full-length with raised hands to the sky and surrounded by the archangels Michael and Gabriel. Her face was discharged in an unusual manner, which was previously in Cyprus are not met. The special effect is achieved by a halo of white numerous divergent rays, which, combined with diffuse light, creating an awesome beauty of the artistic image.
The traditional scene of the middle zone of the apse - Communion of the Apostles - is one of the beautiful compositions of this church. Here, on both sides of the arched bend, are the well-known images of the two holy brothers Cosmas and Damian. Just above the southern niche to the right of the iconostasis is the image of Mary of Egypt, which is often found in the churches of Cyprus. Further on, on the southern wall of the nave, a series of scenes from the life of Christ are reproduced, including Christmas, Baptism, Resurrection of Lazarus, Transfiguration and Entry into Jerusalem. On the western wall, the description of Christ's life includes the two upper tiers. Here you can see the Last Supper, Wash feet, Suffering in the Garden and Judas Betrayal. Below - Peter's Renunciation, Mockery of Christ and others. Further the murals pass to the northern wall of the nave. Here is the Way of the Martyr, and Lamentation, Resurrection, and Ascension. The middle space of the nave is filled with images of saints and apostles, which, as required by the canons, are written out in full-face and full-length. The well-preserved ancient iconostasis of 1704 is decorated with gilding and painted in symbolic colors - red and blue. The royal gates, unfortunately, did not survive. Most of the icons belong to the brush of the famous artist Mateus Kotlomosios from Mount Athos, their creation is attributed to the first years of the XVIII century. He is also credited with creating the icon of the Transfiguration of Christ and a restored copy of the most ancient icon of the Virgin with the Child.
Wall painting of the church of the Transfiguration in the village of Paleochora is a rare example of a monumental religious painting. This is a serious and significant contribution to a unique collection of spiritual values in Cyprus, which has not remained without attention of the world public. Today, the temple in Paleochora rightfully holds a worthy place in the world treasury of rare and ancient churches in the world.
In the mountain village of Kalopanaetis stands an ancient monastery, named after St. John the Cypriot Lampadistis. His church can serve as a real guide to the history of Christianity, for here a steep gable roof adjoin two temples and a Latin chapel, harmoniously combining elements from different centuries, eras and styles, architectural and artistic.
The oldest church of the monastery is dedicated to the first Bishop of Cyprus, Saint Iraklidis. It was founded in the 11th century. According to the architectural style - it is a cross-domed temple. The central and only dome of the church is supported by four columns attached to the walls. Buildings of this type are always less affected by earthquakes, which in this mountainous terrain happened quite often. The temple is decorated with ancient paintings, some fragments of which, dating from the 12th century, are present in the decoration of the apse and in our time. On a small piece of dissected plaster, only a pair of kneeling monks and quaint stripes of Byzantine ornament survived. In the XIII century, over the first paintings were made new, mixed together elements of different styles: Byzantine (Komnin), Eastern and Western. In the XV century the decor of the temple was renewed again, applying a fresh layer of plaster. The number of paintings has increased, but here the sizes of compositions have essentially decreased, as a result of which they have lost their monumentality. Of the frescoes of the thirteenth century, only a few known subjects of the New Testament, such as the Triumphal Entry of Christ into Jerusalem, the Resurrection of Lazarus and the Crucifixion, have survived to this day. A series of frescoes of the XV century refers to the later Byzantine period. It is extensive and includes over 30 stories of the New Testament. Preserved in the temple and the ancient iconostasis, which rather resembles its predecessor - Templon. This is a low partition, which once separated the altar from the hall with the parishioners. It dates back to the 13th century.
The second church of the monastery complex, built in the XII century, is named after St. John the Cypriot Lampadistis, it so far buried his miraculous power. Above them, the inscriptions of pilgrims from different countries, including the Russian monk Barsky comments.
The supernatural power of the holy relics continued to attract a huge number of pilgrims, and a need arose to expand the internal space of the church. Then, in the northern wall of the temple of St. Irakledis, the archway was cut down, connecting the two churches together. Then they were added a long covered gallery, which simultaneously served both churches with a vestibule. All the vaults and walls were decorated with paintings, many of which have saved time to this day. The inscriptions preserved on the southern wall of the narthex claim that the artist who worked on the frescoes came to the island from Constantinople. However, the images created by him, do not shine with court grace, but rather give up provinciality. A considerable area of the walls of the narthex is occupied by the composition of the Last Judgment.
Apparently, the church for some time fulfilled and Catholic rites and rituals. Researchers believe that this was possible only after the adoption in 1439 in Florence at the joint cathedral of the Orthodox and Catholic churches of the decision on union (union), which was signed by the Russian Metropolitan. On this compromise the Byzantine emperor and the Byzantine church went temporarily in the hope of gaining from the West support in the fight against Turkish expansion. This decision suited the Catholic kings of Cyprus, who were then in power, however, it did not receive support from the Orthodox population of the island.
Today, the unique monastery complex of St. Lampadistis protected by UNESCO.
Ancient Byzantine church of the Virgin Arakiotissy located just off the main road from Nicosia to the Troodos Mountains, between the mountain villages of Lagoudera and Sarandi. Researchers believe that the church appeared at the end of the XII century., Presumably shortly before the arrival of the Crusaders. To this day it preserved the church and a small two-storey monastery building with cells overlooking the sundeck, which is supported by large wooden poles.
Architecturally the church is a one-nave structure with vaulted high dome resting on a drum with twelve narrow windows. In the XIV century. It was attached to the narthex, which in the XVII century once again destroyed and replaced by a new, much larger, which made it possible to make the church more spacious and roomy.
To protect the temple from the bad weather, the second roof has been built - steep and sloping, covered the flat tiles and goes far beyond the walls. It is possible to create the protruding part around the church atrium (hall), protected on all sides by a wooden lattice. The dome of the church was covered with a separate small roof. These additional details that emerged somewhat later, probably in the XIV century, helped to keep the painting, which is fully covered not only the interior of the temple, but its exterior walls.
Wall murals in Laguder, according to experts, the most expressive example of monumental painting of the late XII century. During these years, many brilliant artists worked in Cyprus, creating their masterpieces, but the murals of this church are simply unique. According to experts, such examples are not preserved even in Constantinople itself. Colors, proportions, use of space, graceful figures, graceful poses - everything is done masterfully, meticulously caring about small details that are hardly visible to the inquisitive eye. The sense of drawing, form and rhythm that manifested itself already in the paintings of the church of Asina was developed here into a true movement, expressed in fluttering robes and dramatic gestures that contrast with peace and quiet. Many researchers, for example, A. and J. Stilianu, Marina Solomida-Ieronitida agree on the idea that the creator of these paintings was Theodore Apsevdis - a Greek artist who mastered the court techniques of Constantinople with virtuosic technique and mastery of mural painting. His painting adorned the entire historical period of the Byzantine Empire and was later perceived and perfected by the Italian creators of the frescoes of the 13th - 14th centuries.
Church in the list of World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO 1985 years.
The Church of Our Lady Asina (Panagia Forviotissa) in Nikitari under the protection of UNESCO from 1985 year. This church is the only surviving part of the Fortius Monastery, founded in 1099 by Nikifor Ishiri. Information about the monastery is contained in the inscriptions on the temple murals. Monastery of the Virgin Asina acted in the XV - XVI centuries. During the Turkish rule, the monastery was poorer, the number of monks decreased, but the courtyard in Nikitari continued to exist. At the end of the 16th and beginning of the 17th centuries the monastery fell into decay, the monks gradually abandoned it, the structures turned into ruins, and then completely disappeared, the Church of Asina remained the only reminder of the Forviotian monastery.
The Church of Our Lady Asina (Panagia Forviotissa) in Nikitari under the protection of UNESCO from 1985 year. This church is the only surviving part of the Fortius Monastery, founded in 1099 by Nikifor Ishiri. Information about the monastery is contained in the inscriptions on the temple murals. Monastery of the Virgin Asina acted in the XV - XVI centuries. During the Turkish rule, the monastery was poorer, the number of monks decreased, but the courtyard in Nikitari continued to exist. At the end of the 16th and beginning of the 17th centuries the monastery fell into decay, the monks gradually abandoned it, the structures turned into ruins, and then completely disappeared, the Church of Asina remained the only reminder of the Forviotian monastery.
The uniqueness of the church is in the combination of the vaulted and roof covering, which can be seen in the church of St. Nicholas near the village of Kakopetria. In addition, the temple is attracted by the richness and variety of paintings, collecting on its walls, in addition to the canonical gospel stories, a vast body of images of Christian saints from all over the world. The Church of Our Lady of Asina refers to a type of besstolpnyh churches, in the interiors of which the shoulder blades are often replaced with arched niches. So here, the north and south walls have three blind arches, the middle one wider and higher than the lateral ones. Three entrances to the temple are located in the middle of the north, south and west walls. Churchless temples usually had a few windows, in the church of Asina there is one pointed at the west door and in the altar apse, and above the northern and southern doors are semicircular lunettes.
The murals of the temple can be considered not only an encyclopedia of images, but also an encyclopedia of styles and influences in Cyprus religious painting. Early paintings dated 1105 / 6 years, they depict Saints Constantine and Helen, modern images of them can be found on the western and eastern walls, parts of the southern and northern walls. The rest of the frescoes of the period or covered by later layers or re-registered.
In the altar, besides the canonical evangelical scenes that came down to us from the 12th century (Communion of the Apostles, the Ascension of Christ, the Annunciation, the Communion of Mary of Egypt, the Nativity of Christ and the Introduction to the Temple), images of St. Nicholas, Gregory the Theologian, John Chrysostom, Ignatius the God-bearer and Dionysius the Areopagite . The manner of execution of the frescoes of the 12th century corresponds to the Byzantine traditions of the painting of the Komnin era, which is called the "Cominovskoy Revival" in the history of culture. At that time technology became more complicated, individualization of images intensified, apparently connected with the change in the ideals of beauty. In this case, the artistic language of Comin's painting differs in unusual capacity, its main elements are used with a clearly expressed characteristic: symmetry of construction, large scale figures, broad shoulders and a mighty neck, simplicity of silhouettes, powerful rounded head and face shape, clarity of lines and design of figures.
An important part of the church is the narthex - outbuilding that appeared, apparently, at the end of the XII century. On the northern and southern sides of the semicircular-eksedry, himself narthex closed dome without drum. The earliest fresco narthex - Forviotissa Virgin in the tympanum of the arch above the western entrance.
At the beginning of the XIV century during the restoration work killed many frescoes of the early period, however, the system murals of the church acquired a wider chronological character.
Icon of Saint John the Baptist, which is in the Byzantine Museum in Nicosia, was transferred from the church of the Virgin of Asinou.
The first ski club in Cyprus was established in 1947 year. While resorts Troodos used only in the summer, when the government sorts out under the shadow of the mountain pines to escape the heat of the coast. The pioneers of skiing in the Troodos Mountains of Cyprus traveled on foot because the road if not cleared of snow. Now a lot easier: got in the car and come. Wonderful trail to the highest point in Cyprus - Mount Olympus (1951m), and the ski slope is equipped with everything you need (even lift available).
Alpine monastery, is the largest publisher of Orthodox literature. This beautiful monastery was founded in the XIII century. The church, preserved to this day dates back to 1731 year. It exhibited a lot of amazing icons including a priceless icon of the Mother of God in gilded salary from Asia Minor, crowded religious fair is held here in August 15.
Half way to the village of Prodromos to the village at an altitude of Pissouri 1392 meters is one of the most beautiful monasteries of Cyprus, named in honor of the Mother of God Trooditissa. Built on the southern slopes of the Troodos mountain range among thick pine forest, over the millennia, this monastery was the spiritual stronghold of Orthodox people living on this earth.
The name of the icon Trooditissa was given this miraculous image on the name of the Troodos mountain range, where the monastery is located. English explorer S. Baker (1821-1893), who lived in a monastery in the year 1879, figuratively said that this monastery is the closest to heaven.
Traditionally, the foundation of the monastery is associated with the appearance in Cyprus of the icon, which, according to legend, was written by Evangelist Luke and brought to the island during the iconoclasm monk ascetic. His name did not save the story. He arrived on the island about 762 year and until 787 year he lived in the monastery of St. Nicholas in Akrotiri, while at the VI Ecumenical Council the icon-worship was not restored to the reign of the Empress Irina of Athens. After the triumph of Orthodoxy, the monk left the monastery in a more secluded place, taking with him the icon. This place was a cave near the modern monastery, which is known today as the cave of Trooditissa. Then came the difficult years for Cyprus. This is the period of Arab raids. An unknown monk died, perhaps during one of them. The icon seemed to be lost forever. But through the years the shrine proved to be newly found. And on the site of its acquisition in 990 the monastery is based. The creation of the monastery goes back to the following tradition.
A godly shepherd from a nearby village noticed the unusual mysterious light over the mountain. With other pious Christians with great difficulty he reached the cave and found in it the miraculous icon of Our Lady in front of her and kindled the lamp.
Seeing this, the inhabitants of the surrounding places have decided to build next to the cave temple in honor of the Virgin. Work began. But the fact that it was built during the day, night destroyed. Perhaps the desire of the Virgin was different. Ktitorov (builders) temple angel appeared and pointed out the place where the temple is to be built - in 500 meters west of the cave. 3 After a few months, the monastery was built, and the temple he had dwelt miraculous icon. He was decorated with wall paintings, and many people came to worship the icon. And the cave, where it was found, was consecrated in honor of the Transfiguration of the Lord.
Unfortunately, the history of the monastery with 990 for 1570 years remains unexplored. On the period of French rule, there is no evidence of the life of the monastery. Turkish rule was even more a test for the holy abode. It was burnt and completely destroyed. Fortunately, the icon survived. Between 1600 and 1650 the monastery is reborn, but fifty years later, due to tax oppression, he moved to the position of the monastery of the monastery of St. the unrefined Kozma and Damian in Fini. This continued with 1703 for 1760 years. Russian pilgrim Vasily Barsky visited the monastery in 1735. In his walk the church is described as a small and poor church, in which a single monk lives.
In 1842 the monastery suffered a disaster: massive fire destroyed the monastery buildings. Through the efforts of Abbot Meletios (1838-1854), the monastery was rebuilt, and it was then constructed the main temple, which has come down to our days. It was decorated with a new iconostasis, pulpit, were acquired liturgical utensils and vessels. How to Kykkos Monastery and the holy abode Maher, Trooditissa in those years took care of the school.
In 1856, under Hegumen Herman, a wooden gilded iconostasis was erected, in its elegance and beauty, standing in line with the iconostases of the main temple of the Kikk monastery and the church of St. Lazarus in Larnaca. Already in our century, when the monastery was threatened with desolation and the number of inhabitants decreased, Metropolitan Paphos Leontius invited four brothers from the monastery of Stavrovuni, transferred him to the category of cine (dormitory) under the father of Damascene. His case was continued by Archimandrite Pankraty, who came from the Alexandrian Patriarchate at the invitation of Metropolitan Leontius. Through the efforts of Pankratiya and with the help of the Mother of God, the days of prosperity and prosperity came to the monastery.
The shrine of the monastery - the miraculous icon of Our Lady in 1799 was decorated with a silver salary of the works of icon painter John Crete. On the setting, the Mother of God holds Christ on her right hand, crowned by two Angels. The icons in the iconostasis are mostly made in the XIX century, although there are beautiful examples of an earlier icon painting tradition of the XVII and XVIII centuries. The face of St. Evangelist John the Theologian, Archangels Michael and Gabriel - vivid and expressive examples of the influence of Italian art on the Byzantine school. In 1999, the main temple was painted by Cypriot artists. The miraculous icon of the Mother of God Trooditissa is known for the fact that many women without children have received and are receiving the gift of childbirth, healing from illnesses, in front of which the best doctors are rendered powerless. On the miraculous manifestations of the Divine Will, regardless of the nationality and confession of those who ask, we were told many times by the monk Barnabas. Usually he takes out of his cell a large cardboard box with photos of happy mothers with joyful smiling children. These photos, sent from Greece, Denmark, Germany, Russia, Holland, South Africa and other countries - one of the signs of gratitude to the Theotokos and the monastery.
The miraculous icon of Trooditissa, if you look at it from the altar side, is unusual. Directly in the board, on the other side of which the face of the Virgin is written, a stone pierced. There is an ancient monastic tradition about how one childless woman, praying to the Mother of God about the child, vowed: if the Lord sends a boy, he will give him upbringing in a monastery. If a girl, she will grow up to be a pious Christian. The Lord heard these prayers, and the woman had a son. When he grew up, he was given to obedience in a monastery. After a while mother's heart could not stand, she wanted to see her child and take him home. And at the moment when a woman took her son out of the monastery, passing by the icon, a stone fell on the teenager from the wall. The icon seemed to cover the boy, taking a blow at himself. Since that time, a piece of sharp rock remained in the icon board.
Among the relics of the monastery there are miraculous times, whose origin is lost in the mists of time. It is said that it belonged to one of the women, who through the prayers of the Mother of God has been granted to the child. In gratitude, she left her expensive jewelry in the monastery. And now praying for the gift of this blessed child wear a belt, the priest reads a special prayer, and everyone who asks receives according to his faith. A photo in a cardboard box his father Barnabas getting bigger.
Today the abbot of the monastery is Archimandrite Athanasius, known throughout Cyprus for his great enlightenment activity. With his blessing, the works of his assistant Archimandrite Christopher and other brothers organized the monastic publishing house, which in recent years published several interesting books about Orthodoxy in the modern world, about new heresies and pseudo-religious occult organizations. Under the spiritual care of Archimandrite Athanasius there are several women's monasteries, at the time, under the auspices of the holy monastery of Trooditissa, a convent of the Virgin was built near Nicosia.
The monastery operates a bookstore with a wide selection of Christian literature in different languages. And if you happen to visit the monastery, be sure to buy the monastery of apples. The brothers are grown on the slopes of the Troodos, perhaps the best, most delicious apples in Cyprus. They are always sold at traditional fairs, which take place at the monastery walls in honor of the patron saint's feast of the Assumption of the Virgin 14-15 / 27-28 of August.
located at an altitude of 1402 meters above sea level, it is the vysokoraspolozhennoy village on the island and is famous for its orchards. In the village you can see St. Nicholas Church with wall paintings.
These lie in the northern foothills of the Troodos villages especially loved by the residents of the capital Nicosia that the weekend coming to Kakopetria and Galata, that at least for the duration of their green shady streets forget about reigning in the city heat. It has everything to relax: a few small hotels, beautiful nature and fine restaurants in which one of the most popular dishes is a delicious sauce cooked trout (in Greek - pestrofa). The main attractions are the church made to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
This lies at the northern foothills of the Troodos village is particularly loved by the residents of the capital Nicosia that the weekend coming to Kakopetria. In order to at least temporarily its green shady streets forget about reigning in the city heat. It has everything to relax: a few small hotels, beautiful nature and fine restaurants in which one of the most popular dishes is a delicious sauce cooked trout (in Greek - pestrofa).
In the center of the village is the "bad stone" which gave the name to the village. According to legend, in ancient times to marry the couple had three times run around the stone. One day another pair of newlyweds ran a stone fell dead - since the stone and they called the "bad".
Close to Kakopetria there is another point of interest - the church of Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis (Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis), built in 11 century. This is typical of the Byzantine church of that era. Decorated with frescoes.
Galata - a world cultural heritage by UNESCO.
The village called Galata is located just one kilometer north of the village of Kakopetria. Galata's attractions are 4 churches, two of which - Panagia Podithou and Panagia Theotokos, were built in the 16 century. In the murals of these churches, not only Byzantine, but also Venetian motifs are read, which automatically brings them to the list of attractions that are of special interest for science in general, and for individual connoisseurs. The Church of Panagia Poditou is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, which in itself means a lot.
In the vicinity of the places marked on the map of Cyprus as the Troodos Resort are many equipped campsites. You can barbecue with friends or just go on a picnic with his family on nature.
Troodos Forest itself is a tourist attraction. These untouched by civilization huge (by the standards of the Cyprus of course) area of pristine nature are carefully preserved by the state. This is where you can really breathe fresh and clean air proud that excites no worse than a good wine.
This waterfall is often called the highest on the island. But this is not the case, there are even higher. However, without doubt, Caledonia is the most popular and picturesque waterfall Cyprus. By paved the Cyprus Tourism Organisation and the Forestry Department footpath annually waterfall is visited by tens of thousands of people.
With trout farm Platres routed through the mountains hiking trail to a waterfall Caledonia. Traveling through the mountains of Cyprus, be sure shoes comfortable shoes (running shoes, for example). To reach the waterfall, you have to walk along a narrow path, stepping over streams on stepping stones.
The path leading to the Caledonian Falls, winds along the river Krios Potamos. Covered with pine forest with dense undergrowth ravine replaced glades, among which loom large century-old pine trees. Hills covered with low prickly juniper, creeping on stones, alternating low mountain ledges, which overcomes the creek without any problems. Along the trail grow golden oak (which is one of the symbols of Cyprus), alder, sycamore and arbutus, reddish-brown bark which glows like through the thicket.
Among the small, just above the knee, and barberry bushes rosehip found tablets with inscriptions in English and Latin, telling about plants, bushes and trees nearby.
The waterfall Caledonia - 13 meters. It is located at an altitude of 1330 meters above sea level on the river Krios Potamos (which in Greek means "Cold River"), north of the village of Pano Platres.
According to one version, its name was due to the waterfall one of the Scots back in 1878 year. He argued that the Cyprus landscape around the waterfall reminds him of his distant Scotland, which in ancient times was called Caledonia. History has not preserved the name of the Scot, who compared Cyprus with their homeland, but the name stuck behind a waterfall Caledonian.
Trout farm is located on a main road in the Troodos, in the village of Pano Platres. Here you can see how divorces trout and even taste it in the tavern located here.
The farm is located at the beginning of the path to the Falls Calydon. If you're curious to see the real, live trout and sturgeon (which is quite rare in Cyprus), it will be interesting, because on the farm all water tanks and artificial waterfalls to enrich the water with oxygen ustroiny way to as close to the natural conditions of nature.
Waterfall Millomeris as Caledonia, situated on the cold river Cyprus - Krios Potamos ("Cold River" in Greek). The crystal clear water rushes down down 15-meter-high, giving it the right to a waterfall called the highest on the island.
Earlier, the road to the waterfall was rough, so it was little known. A few years ago cleared the approaches to the waterfall: a path cleared stones, threatening the lives and health of pedestrians. Not far from the foot of the waterfall it was built a wooden bridge, which will greatly facilitate the travelers crossing the riverbed.
According to one version, the name of the waterfall Millomeris comes from two Greek words: Milos, which means "wet wet" and Meris - "place", meaning "wet place". According to another version, a waterfall named after the mill (Milos - in Greek also mill), which was once in the surrounding area.
Here grow pine, cypress, ivy, everlasting, woodruff and the Cypriot variety of asters. From branch to branch fluttering miniature dipper, big tits, jays curious, always hurrying thrushes, deadpan crested crow pikas fussy and shy crossbills.
On the rocks, the sun bask in the glow of a lizard, but the other inhabitants of the Cyprus forests, which are mentioned in the guidebooks of the Troodos unable to meet rarely. Maybe you're lucky and you will see a chameleon, squirrel, rabbit, or even admire the majestic flight of the royal eagle.
Get to the waterfall Millomeris two ways.
Walking distance from the church in the village Faneromeni Pano Platres. A walking trail starts at 100 meters from the church. Its length - just over 1200 meters. Travel time - about an hour.
To reach by car from the village of Pera Pedi, breaking 4,2-kilometer stretch of road, or from the village of Pano Platres napravleniiyu to Moniatis. The length of this section of the road - 3,8 km.
Foini village famous for its pottery and oriental sweets "Lukumi." Visitors can get acquainted with a rather interesting special exhibition of pottery in the family home Pilavaki.
This waterfall is located on the River Mesa Potamos (from the Greek "internal river"). It is located to the north-west of the village Saytas, at an altitude of one kilometer above sea level. The waterfall - 7 meters. Water falls first on a platform of solid rock, and then slides down, getting on a second platform. Therefore, this waterfall is called double.
By the waterfall can be reached on 5-kilometer dirt road from the village Saytas. If you start from the village of Moniatis, then to the waterfall can be reached, breaking the back road length 5,5 km. The waterfall is located in 6 km from the village of Platres.
You can combine a visit to the waterfall with a picnic, arranged in a specially designated place (picnic place) c of the same name Mesa Potamos (another name - Arkolahanias). Overcoming 200 meters along a footpath leading down, you can be at the waterfall.
In the vicinity of the waterfall is the Monastery of Timios Prodromos, founded in the XI century.
This previously abandoned, but now revived monastery is located near the village of Pissouri, near the waterfall of the same name.
Waterfall Hantara (Handarov) is located on the river Potamos Diplos (which in Greek means "Double river" or "river with two channel"). Sometimes the river is also called Troodotissa (ie, "located in the Troodos"). Falls got its name from the Greek word "Andara" means "the sound of water."
The waterfall - 8 meters. It is located at an altitude of 1035 meters above sea level. Near the waterfall there is a trout farm, where you can buy fresh fish, which can be prepared, returning home after a trip to the waterfall.
Visit Hantara waterfall is one of the points of a one-day "jeep safari" in the Troodos Mountains, offers local travel agencies.
The shortest way - get to the waterfall (on foot or by car) along a country road that starts at the village of Fini. Distance - 1,5 km.
Another option - to get to the waterfall on the road (part of it is asphalted) from the village of Pano Platres. The length of the road - 5,5 km.
You can also go to the Hantare after visiting the monastery Trooditissa. From the surroundings of the monastery to the waterfall leads a country road stretching 3,5 km.
Ideal - to go to the waterfall with someone who has been there and knows how to get there.
You can combine a visit to the waterfall with a visit to the village of Fini, who is famous for pottery maker. Do not miss the Folk Art Museum Fanis Pilavakisa where you can gather a lot of information about the now endangered Cyprus pottery.
The village, famous for its wine-making tradition, was once owned by Sir John de Brie, Prince of Galilee. Right in the middle of the village, on the cobbled square, stands the monastery "Stavros" (Holy Cross). The village also has a small museum of the national liberation struggle. The old house has been restored traditional wine press "Linos".
In the picturesque village of Omodos create an extraordinary atmosphere at home mostly white or light colors, entwined with vines and bright flowers. The clean mountain air, pastoral bleating of sheep, the nearest beach - in 17 kilometers. Complete harmony in the relationship with nature. Omodos if specially created for its narrow streets along the white houses with blue shutters wandered spellbound tourists. In Omodos, even the most generous with praise people can not stand in admiration and recognized that they were in a fairy tale.
Exploring the needs and preferences of tourists arriving on the island, the Cyprus Tourism Organisation (STO) is trying to expand the range of services to the tourism industry. Cyprus has become increasingly popular so-called "natural" tourism. With 1992 offer tourists a year, a "piece of country life." Sophisticated Germans and the British have long explored how wonderful can be a vacation in Cyprus away from the neon lights of cities and noisy hotels.
Omodos is located on the slopes of the Troodos Range among numerous vineyards. Its inhabitants managed to preserve the historical color and originality. The village of winemakers, once owned by Sir John de Brieux, Duke of Galilee, is one of the most beautiful in Cyprus. There are many shady pavilions, whimsically twisted by wild grapes, many bright, beautiful, lovingly cultivated flower beds. It was here in 327 that Saint Elena visited the monastery, and it was Omodos that for a long time was the only center of education and literature on the island. In Omodos, the biggest key on the island is kept - the key to the gate of the monastery of the Holy Life-Giving Cross. In the church at the monastery there are Russian icons.
Where you can buy local embroidery, glassware handmade sweets (tiny tangerines in syrup, candied nuts, figs, dates, sudzukos), but more importantly than the famous village - this wine. Stamps "Herolimo", "Linos", "Marion," are valued and Cypriots and visitors of the island. In Omodos, you can visit the ancient wine-press and press to see the apparatus for the preparation zivania. Every year in August in the village wine festival is held.
In Omodos can stay in Cyprus house and lead a relaxed lifestyle. Enjoy a delicious healthy homemade food: fabulous cheese halloumi, fat milk and a thick pair of fresh mutton. Take part in the harvest of olive and citrus groves, and take home a bottle of aromatic olive oil which does not flow into the city shops. Watch the artisans in the workshops as works of folk art are born.
The village has an ethnographic museum, located in a house in which to live for years 400 generations of one family Cyprus. The house garrulous Socrates Sokratis presented traditional interior typical Cypriot Village house, which is the pride of the loom on which even Socrates grandmother wove clothes for the whole family. Maybe you're lucky and the owner of the house-museum will put the record petrol Cypriot music on the gramophone.
"First of all apartments are extremely narrow - wrote one of the guest houses Omodos. - The lion's share of their bed covers - a sort of alcove with antique four-poster bed: very tall, an impressive and reliable. Next - a chest of drawers, decorated with accessories are not our times: old watch, bronze candlesticks, dim Bezmenov. If you get off the bed to the left, then to the locker upreshsya if the right - then find yourself either in the kitchen or in the bathroom.
Tightness in these apartments is quite natural, because everything is natural as 100 years ago (we are, of course, on the dimensions and not about plumbing and air conditioning). From a tiny little window shed a dim light, lying on the floor mat grandmother, silence - in a stone pit. If not for the bed, a dresser and a rug, one would think that we were not in the apartment, and in the monk's cell. "
To live a week in the lap of nature in the spartan conditions - employment for everybody. But in the future, according to SRT, agrotourism in Cyprus - this is not a modest room with a 3-4-occupancy in rural buildings, and these mini-hotel level 3-4 stars with antique furniture and elements of civilization, without which the tourists in the village lure: a well-equipped bathrooms, swimming pools, tennis courts, fireplaces.
You can come to the village and rent a room or house on site. Locals will tell you how to find Pantelis House (house on 4-5 people, 2 bedrooms, located a minute's walk from the village square, prices are from 18 to 35 pounds depending on the season), Marios House (house on 4 rights, 2 bedrooms, 500 m from the village square, prices are from 17 to 32 pounds, the owner lives in the house opposite, and so the house guests temporarily become members of his friendly family) or Stavris House (house on 2-3 person, 1 bedroom, in 500 m from the village square, prices are from 16 to 26 pounds, you can get acquainted with the village sacred ikom, who lives with the family of the owner of the house Stavri). You can rent a house in advance from Ioannis Agatokleus (phone 25-421-376). If desired, you can stay at the entrance to the village of Omodos Panthea Motel with a beautiful view of the village and the mountains.
In the old country house you can see an ancient wine press Linos and traditional setting of the village houses in Cyprus. Here hospitable host will treat you to homemade wine.
The main attraction of the village of Omodos is the Monastery of the Holy Cross. In the church of the monastery is kept a particle of the Holy Cross, the bonds of Christ, and the head of the Apostle Philip. The monastery is decorated with ancient icons and exquisite wood carvings.