It is often called the "Titanic of the Mediterranean". About 100 thousand people annually sink to it to see stern, cabins and a propeller. He brings Cyprus an order of 14 million euros per year. The Swedish ferry "Zenobia", sunken off the coast of Larnaka 7 July 1980, has become one of the island's most striking attractions. However, off the coast of Cyprus there are dozens of other sunken ships, not as famous as Zenobia, but no less interesting.
Absolute leader among all the dive sites of Cyprus "Zenobia" is among the four most revered underwater objects from divers around the world. The spectacle 172-meter giant, thrown on its side, around which as children's toys are scattered 108 multi-ton trucks, is impressive already at the first approximation. In clear weather, the dark silhouette of Zenobia, appearing through the 40-meter water column, can be seen even from the side of the aircraft.
The most interesting for divers is the inner compartments of Zenobia. It is interesting to inspect the restaurant hall, where the machines for cooking coffee, various dishes, bottles of beer and Coca-Cola have been preserved. You can also penetrate the captain's bridge, the radio room and the engine room. The ship is so big and has so many transitions, corridors and compartments that every new dive on it is not like the previous one.
"Zenobia" is often called the "Titanic of the Mediterranean" both because of its size, and because it sank on its first voyage. In addition to trucks, the ferry transported spare parts for cars, military equipment, food, telecommunications systems, as well as more than one million eggs, many of which still rest on the seabed.
The HMS Cricket was built and launched at the shipyard in Glasgow in 1915. The customer was the command of the Royal Navy of Great Britain. During the First World War, the ship participated in the Mesopotamian campaign (fighting 1914-1918 years, taking place in the territory of Mesopotamia [modern Iraq] between the troops of the British Empire [mostly Indian] and the army of the Ottoman Empire).
During the civil war in Russia, at 1919-1920, he supported the White movement from the British intervention, fighting on the Dvina River. At the beginning of World War II Cricket served in China. In 1940 year was transferred to the Mediterranean. In 1942 year, ran into a mine off the coast of Egypt and was decommissioned.
In Alexandria, his weapons and equipment were removed from him, and then driven back to the coast of Cyprus, where he was used as a training target of the military base Dhekelia (Larnaka, Pila, Xylophagus district). Now the hull of the ship, lying at 30-meter depth, is one of the favorite places for visiting experienced divers. The ship's side is covered with red corals.
The sunken vessel MV Achaios is located off the coast of Akrotiri, so it is sometimes called by the name of the peninsula. The dry cargo ship Achaios M / V was launched in 1932 year. During the years of his existence he changed seven names. In his last journey with a cargo of wood he went from Yugoslavia to Jeddah (port in Saudi Arabia) under the flag of Cyprus. During the storm in December 1976 year ran aground and sank. The ship lies at a depth of four meters. An ideal place for novice divers and snorkeling (diving with a tube and mask).
In 1980, the dry cargo ship Pharses II got into a storm, the cargo moved to starboard, which was the main reason for its flooding. The ship sank in 800 meters from the New Port of Limassol. The dry cargo ship lies at a depth of 21 meter. The ship is perfectly preserved. Divers can see and hear ships entering the port above them.
Vera K was built at the shipyard in Kiel in 1951 year. 9 May 1971 - during the flight from Constanta to Beirut with cargo of timber, cars and soda - the ship under the Lebanese flag ran aground off the coast of Paphos. Since Vera K was recognized as dangerous for navigation, the Cypriot authorities decided to detonate it. After the explosion in 1974, the hull of the ship broke up into four large parts. They lie at a depth of 11 meters.
The vessel White Star ("White Star") was built and launched in 1954 year. Previously belonged to the USSR and was called "Ivan Ivanov". The trawler was used for fishing in the Black Sea. The Cyprus company bought the ship and renamed it White Star. Until 2005, it was used to organize tourist excursions off the coast of Cyprus. In 2005, security rules were tightened, and the company refused to use the White Star.
Until February 2007, the ship stood in the harbor of Paphos. It began to gradually drown. The owner decided to tow the trawler to the port of Limassol to hand it over to scrap metal. During his last voyage between Paphos and Limassol, the 18-meter vessel sank, sinking to a depth of 15 meters and becoming a tourist attraction for divers. Winter storms split the sunken ship into two parts.
The dry cargo ship was built and launched in the Netherlands in 1949 year. From 1968 to 1978 years I went under the Greek flag. 13 March 1978 53-meter vessel, heading from the Greek island of Milos to Larnaca, sank at the Paphos Breghet. According to one version, the cause of the disaster was an explosion. According to another version, the cargo, supported by a ship on one side, contributed to the flooding. As a result, at the depth of 14-18 meters, there are three separate parts of the dry cargo ship. Divers are advised to visit the stern when diving to see a well-preserved bronze propeller.
5000-ton Greek dry cargo ship Ektimon sank off the coast of Pafos in 1971 year. The ship lies at a depth of six meters. It is often called not by name, but by location - a shipwreck at the Paphos lighthouse. Due to frequent storms and currents the vessel was poorly preserved, having disintegrated into parts and plunged into bottom sediments. Only two propellers remained in good condition. An ideal place to visit beginners.
This shipwreck is called at its location, since the name of the sunken ship is not preserved. According to the researchers, this is a military vessel of the Ottoman Empire, which went to the bottom in 1571 during the capture of the Famagusta by the Turks. The ship belonged to the commander-in-chief of the Ottomans Lala Mustafa Pasha. During the siege of Famagusta he was hit by a cannon ball, sent to the shores of Larnaka for repairs, but could not swim to his destination and sank.
There is another version of the ship's death. One of the most beautiful women of Cyprus, caught in captivity with the Turks, was sent on this ship to Constantinople. However, a beautiful Cypriot preferred death to sexual slavery. She crept into the hold and set fire to the gunpowder. The vessel lies at a depth of 27 meters. Divers can see the remnants of the ship and several guns scattered in disorder around him.
The owner of the sunken 50-foot yacht "Diana" was a Russian. The ship sank during a storm in 1996 year off the coast of Limassol. It lies at a depth of 21 meter. Ideal for training advanced divers and night dives.
The sunken yacht was discovered about 10 years ago by a member of the divers club Alpha Divers, who called it "Champagne". According to some reports, 20-meter yacht belonged to a Russian businessman. It can only be docked with the help of representatives of Alpha Divers, because only they know its exact location. In order to find it, they use a GPS system and buoys drowned in the sea for five meters.
A wooden boat under the flag of Egypt sank near the harbor of Larnaca in 2006 year. Later, the 35-meter vessel was dragged to the depth, so that it did not interfere with the vessels entering the harbor. Now Alexandria lies at a depth of 32 meters. Located in 200 meters from the main tourist attraction of Cyprus "Zenobia".
The British military ship sank near the Akrotiri peninsula about 120 years ago. The hull of the ship was covered with copper. The name of the ship is unknown, so the shipwreck is called "Copper". The ship has not kept much of it. Nevertheless, divers can see the remaining details of copper and brass. The ship lies at a depth of nine meters.
The merchant ship dates from the late classical period in the history of Greece (400-323 century BC). The vessel, carrying more than 500 amphorae with wine and olive oil, sank near the shores of the village of Mazotos. It was discovered in 2006 year. The vessel lies at a depth of 44 meters. The Department of Antiquity, in conjunction with the Faculty of Archeology of the University of Cyprus, began a comprehensive study of the vessel and its cargo in 2007.
Demetrios II was built at the shipyard in Hamburg in 1964 and in recent years went under the flag of Honduras. In March 1998, he went on his last flight from Greece to Syria with a cargo of timber. 23 March the ship hit a heavy storm and ran aground off the coast of Chloraka (Paphos).
The dry-cargo crew gave the SOS signal. A British helicopter rescue helicopter took four Greeks, two Syrians and two Pakistanis from the ship in distress. During the investigation it was found out that the licenses of the captain (Greek citizen) and the first officer (citizen of Pakistan) were counterfeit.
The Government of the Republic of Cyprus tried to find the owner, who was supposed to send the stranded ship to scrap metal, but the responsible was not found. There was an idea to pull the ship to a depth and flood it, turning it into a tourist attraction for divers, but this idea was never implemented. Now 60-meter vessel with a displacement of 900 tons is in shallow water. Against the backdrop of a ship stuck in the sea, foreign tourists like to take photos for memory.
The semi-sunken dry cargo ship "Three stars" is located in shallow waters off the coast of the Akrotiri peninsula. The vessel was built in Wisconsin in 1943 for the US Department of Transportation and named Gurden Gates. Then it repeatedly changed owners and names (1949 year - Baltic Queen, 1950 year - Cesare Corsini, 1953 year - Arno, 1964 year - Irida, 1965 year - O Kalos Samaritis, 1965 year - Three Stars). 17 February 1967 year on the ship a fire broke out. The ship was found not to be repaired, and it was towed to shallow water in Episkopi Bay. "Three stars" lie at the bottom at a depth of seven meters. Part of the hull of the ship protrudes above the surface of the water. A great place to dive novice divers.
Cargo ship Edro III under the flag of Sierra Leone, owned by the Albanian company, 7 December 2011 year left the port of Limassol and headed to the Greek island of Rhodes. However, due to inclement weather, the ship ran aground at 15 meters from the shore in the Peyi Sea Caves area and was damaged. A ship of length 80 meters became a local landmark. Until now, his fate remains in limbo. The shipwreck is in a place taken under the protection of the project Natura 2000. The ship rusts, damaging the environment. The situation has reached a dead end. To tow the ship, you need about half a million euros. The owners have no such money.
The project cost 300 000 euro under the name Investing in sustainable fisheries (in Russian it can be translated as "Investing in ecological types of fish farming") was designed for seven years. It was attended by the European Union, the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, the Cyprus Tourism Organization, the Department of Fisheries and Research of Marine Life of Cyprus and the Association of Diving Centers in Cyprus. Within the framework of the project it was decided to flood four ships.
The cargo ship Liberty, built in Russia, was flooded off the coast of Paralimni in 2009. On Freedom, which specialized in transportation of frozen products, a fire occurred, after which the ship with a displacement of 226 tons (its length - 37 meters, width - about seven meters), was in the port of Limassol. The port authorities asked the owners to remove the ship. A tender was held, following which the municipality of Paralimni bought "Freedom" for 12 thousand euros. Transportation of "Freedom" from the port of Limassol to the shores of Paralimni and preparations for flooding cost the municipality another 27 thousand euros.
Costandis (a Soviet-built trawler, formerly known as Zolotets) was flooded at a depth of 25 meters in the Dassoudi beach area of Limassol.
The ship was built at the shipyard of Hamburg. To the bottom of the "Lady" was sent near the beach Dassudi in Limassol 22 February 2014. The vessel lies at a depth of 23 meters.
Nemesis III (Named after the goddess of retribution of Nemesis) was built in France in 1956 year. Its length is 24,5 meters, and the width is 6,3 meters. The trawler hit Cyprus in 1987. From the Cypriot authorities, a license was granted to him for fishing in international waters. After writing off, Nemesis was flooded off the coast of Pernera Beach in Protaras. The depth of flooding was 23 meters.
It was built at the shipyard in German Rendsburg in 1940 year. Used as a cruise ship. In 2006, it was purchased by a Cypriot company, which intended to use it to help with the immersion of divers. To the bottom was launched in the summer of 2014 year off the coast of Geroskipou (Paphos). The length of the vessel is 21,5 meters. Divers can easily visit the engine room, salon and the bridge.
Near the coast of Larnaka at 16-meter depth lies the military helicopter of the British army, sunk in 1966 year. The helicopter was kept in excellent condition. The place is ideal for immersing divers of any level.
An artificial reef off the coast of Limassol. Pyramids, created from large hollow blocks, have become a favorite place for fish and other inhabitants of the sea.