Around this small village seemingly scattered many different attractions. This ancient settlements such as Choirokoitia and Amathus, and monasteries. A special place in the list is a place called the Governor's Beach.
This beautiful place is located to the west of Zygi. Here was the palace of the governor-general, who ruled Cyprus during the British colonization. Suffice mosrkogo extended section coast is now a well-organized tourist village with hotels and restaurants.
Here is one of the oldest known Neolithic sites in the world, presumably referring to 7000-6000 years. BC. e. (in 1998 was declared a cultural heritage by UNESCO). Analysis of charred seeds and form blades of flint sickles confirm the fact that the then settlers grew wheat and barley. Animal bones indicate how to engage in hunting, and the first attempts at domestication of cattle. In the later cultural layer of the settlement, about 3500 BC. e., found objects made of ceramics. Finds from Choirokoitia can be seen in the Museum of Cyprus in Nicosia.
The ancient settlement of Hirokitiya (named after the name of the nearby village), because of its safety and abundance of finds, is unique among Neolithic archaeological sites throughout the Mediterranean. Researchers still do not understand the origin of this ancient Cypriot culture. A number of local and foreign historians believe that its early phases must be sought both on Cyprus itself and on the Asian mainland. The results of archaeological research allow us to talk about the contacts of the inhabitants of Hirokithia with Anatolia, with the ancient settlements of Antioch Valley and Northern Syria. The radiocarbon analysis indicates that the inhabiting of Hirokite occurred approximately in 5000 BC.
2 December 1998 city Chirokotia included in the UNESCO World Heritage List under the number 848 according to IV, V, VI criteria, since this settlement, firstly, the earliest site for the study of the Cyprian proceramic Neolith (criterion IV); secondly, a characteristic example of a significant human settlement, fragile as a result of its great antiquity and its location in a rapidly changing environment (criterion V); Finally, this settlement is associated with ideas and beliefs of historical importance, which are manifested in several aspects of material culture: for example, the use of figurines in funeral rites indicates a ritual and religious practice (criterion VI). The site was discovered in 1934 by P. Dickeyos, who made further archaeological work there from 1936 to 1946. Since 1977, excavations have begun under the direction of Alain Le Bren, director of the French archaeological mission in Cyprus.
During the archaeological site of Choirokoitia has been found in a number of different objects. They talk about the existence of Cyprus highly Neolithic culture. The graves were found necklaces, pins, spindles, suspension, stone beads. In the manufacture of stone tools used for the handles of bone, it is manufactured from pins and needles, spindles.
During the excavations, many tools were found from obsidian (volcanic glass) and bones, fragments of sickles from silicon, stone millstones. The ancient islanders were familiar with spinning and weaving, skillfully crafted stone and wood. Stone utensils made by their hands are simple in form, but carefully crafted: its surface is decorated with ornament in the form of relief cross-shaped or incised figures. Vessels, mostly flat and open, have a wide variety of shapes. Almost on each of them there is a spout for a drain. On the arms of individual vessels depicted human or animal (often sheep and bull) heads. Attempts have been made to produce clay pots, but without noticeable success.
In the settlement can be traced and the emergence of certain religious beliefs. This primarily refers to the burial rite, reflects a belief in the afterlife. In Choirkoitia found idols - samples of ancient sculpture of Cyprus. This flat stone with a sexless figures arbitrarily interpreted heads and one female figure of unbaked clay.
Burials arranged between the houses or in the under floors. Often this lonely grave where the deceased was placed in a contorted position. Along with the skeleton usually find stone vessels, broken out ritual reasons. Sometimes with the female skeleton found rich funeral gifts that can make the assumption that some women were particularly honored. In the body of the deceased is usually put a heavy object - a stone slab or a millstone, as the dead inspire fear.
A study of the remains of well-preserved skeletons and helped restore the look of the inhabitants of the settlement. All of them were stunted: men about 1,6 m, and the growth of women does not exceed m 1,5. The average life expectancy for men - 35 years, women - 33,5 years.
Finds from Choirokoitia make no small part of the collection of the Museum of Cyprus.
The earliest traces of human presence on the awning relate to the Neolithic period (7500 - 5200 BC). From the end of this period it seems to have been a break yet again settled in the area during the Neolithic pottery (4500 BC). The houses are arranged in a circle, as in Choirokoitia. They are either completely made of stone, or their foundation is built of stone and the upper part of mud bricks.
Amathus is one of the oldest cities in Cyprus, the ruins of which are located in the outskirts of Limassol by the sea. His age is almost two thousand years, and he flourished for sixteen centuries. according to legend, the founder of the city was one of the sons of Hercules. Another legend says that in Amathus is buried the beautiful Ariadne, the daughter of Minos, who was the wife of Theseus. Historians believe that he was founded by King Kiniras in 3000. The centuries-old history of Amathus is marked by the traces of many conquerors: Persians, Ptolemies, Romans and Byzantines, until the city was finally destroyed and captured by the Arabs in 7 in AD.
The Monastery of Agios Georgios Alamanos located near the highway Nicosia - Limassol. It was built in the XII century. Nuns, in addition to worship, engaged in icon painting, cultivation of flowers and herbs, as well as the production of honey.