Around this small village seemingly scattered many different attractions. This ancient settlements such as Choirokoitia and Amathus, and monasteries. A special place in the list is a place called the Governor's Beach.
This beautiful place is located to the west of Zygi. Here was the palace of the governor-general, who ruled Cyprus during the British colonization. Suffice mosrkogo extended section coast is now a well-organized tourist village with hotels and restaurants.
Here is one of the oldest known Neolithic sites in the world, presumably referring to 7000-6000 years. BC. e. (in 1998 was declared a cultural heritage by UNESCO). Analysis of charred seeds and form blades of flint sickles confirm the fact that the then settlers grew wheat and barley. Animal bones indicate how to engage in hunting, and the first attempts at domestication of cattle. In the later cultural layer of the settlement, about 3500 BC. e., found objects made of ceramics. Finds from Choirokoitia can be seen in the Museum of Cyprus in Nicosia.
The ancient settlement of Choirokoitia (named after a nearby village) in its preservation and the abundance of finds is unique among Neolithic archaeological sites in the Mediterranean. Researchers are still not clear the origin of this ancient Cypriot culture. A number of local and foreign historians believe that the earliest phase it must be sought as a matter of Cyprus and on the Asian mainland. The results of archaeological investigations suggest the inhabitants of Choirokoitia contacts with Anatolia, the ancient settlement of the valley of Antioch and Northern Syria. These radiocarbon analysis showed that the population was about Choirokoitia of 5000 до н.э.
2 December 1998 city 2 декабря 1998 г. поселение Хирокития включили в список всемирного наследия ЮНЕСКО под номером 848 согласно IV, V, VI критериям, так как данное поселение, во-первых, самый ранний участок для исследования кипрского прокерамического неолита (критерий IV); во-вторых, характерный пример значительного человеческого поселения, хрупкого в результате его большой старины и его местоположения в быстро изменяющейся окружающей среде (критерий V); наконец, это поселение связано с идеями и верованиями исторической важности, которые проявлены в нескольких аспектах материальной культуры: например, использование в похоронных обрядах статуэток свидетельствует о ритуальной и религиозной практике (критерий VI). Участок был обнаружен в 1934 П. Дикеосом , который и производил там дальнейшие археологические работы с 1936 до 1946 гг. С 1977 г. начались раскопки под руководством Алена Ле Брена, директора французской археологической миссии на Кипре. The site was discovered in 1934 P. Dikeosom, who produced it with further archaeological work to 1936 1946 years. Since 1977 of excavations began under the guidance of Alain Le Bren, director of the French archaeological mission in Cyprus.
During the archaeological site of Choirokoitia has been found in a number of different objects. They talk about the existence of Cyprus highly Neolithic culture. The graves were found necklaces, pins, spindles, suspension, stone beads. In the manufacture of stone tools used for the handles of bone, it is manufactured from pins and needles, spindles.
During the excavations found many tools made of obsidian (volcanic glass) and bone fragments from sickles silicon millstones. Ancient natives were familiar with spinning and weaving, skillfully treated wood and stone. Stone dishes made with their hands, simple in form, but carefully processed: the surface is decorated with ornaments in the form of relief or incised cruciform shapes. Receptacles generally flat and open, have the different shapes. Almost all of them have a drain spout. On the handles of individual vessels depicting human or animal (usually sheep and bovine) head. Reported attempts to manufacture clay pots, but without notable success.
In the settlement can be traced and the emergence of certain religious beliefs. This primarily refers to the burial rite, reflects a belief in the afterlife. In Choirkoitia found idols - samples of ancient sculpture of Cyprus. This flat stone with a sexless figures arbitrarily interpreted heads and one female figure of unbaked clay.
Burials arranged between the houses or in the under floors. Often this lonely grave where the deceased was placed in a contorted position. Along with the skeleton usually find stone vessels, broken out ritual reasons. Sometimes with the female skeleton found rich funeral gifts that can make the assumption that some women were particularly honored. In the body of the deceased is usually put a heavy object - a stone slab or a millstone, as the dead inspire fear.
A study of the remains of well-preserved skeletons and helped restore the look of the inhabitants of the settlement. All of them were stunted: men about 1,6 m, and the growth of women does not exceed m 1,5. The average life expectancy for men - 35 years, women - 33,5 years.
Finds from Choirokoitia make no small part of the collection of the Museum of Cyprus.
The earliest traces of human presence on the awning relate to the Neolithic period (7500 - 5200 BC). From the end of this period it seems to have been a break yet again settled in the area during the Neolithic pottery (4500 BC). The houses are arranged in a circle, as in Choirokoitia. They are either completely made of stone, or their foundation is built of stone and the upper part of mud bricks.
Amathus - this is one of the oldest cities in Cyprus, the ruins of which are located in the suburbs of Limassol by the sea. His age - almost two thousand years, and it flourished for sixteen centuries. according to legend, the founder of the city was one of the sons of Hercules. Another legend has it that buried in Amathus beautiful Ariadne, daughter of Minos, who was the wife of Theseus. Historians believe that founded it in King Kinyras 3000 year. Amathus long history marked by traces of many conquerors: Persians, Ptolemies, Romans and Byzantines, until it was finally destroyed and captured by the Arabs in AD 7v
The Monastery of Agios Georgios Alamanos located near the highway Nicosia - Limassol. It was built in the XII century. Nuns, in addition to worship, engaged in icon painting, cultivation of flowers and herbs, as well as the production of honey.