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23.10.2017

7 Ecumenical Councils

By the day of the Holy Fathers of the Seventh Ecumenical Council

Since the apostolic times the Church has been solving all pressing issues at the meetings of the heads of communities - the cathedrals. To solve problems of general church significance, the Byzantine emperors convened Ecumenical Councils, to which all bishops of all the local churches were invited.

Ecumenical councils formulated the immutable truths of Orthodoxy - the dogmas, the rules of church administration, the general church and private Christian life.

The dogmatic and canonical decisions of the Ecumenical Councils are mandatory for the whole Church. The Orthodox Church recognizes seven Ecumenical Councils.

The First Ecumenical Council


The First Ecumenical Council. The Emperor Constantine, Alexander Patras. Alexandrian, Sylvester Pope of Rome, Mitrofan patr. Constantinople, Eustace patr.

Passed in Nikea in 325 year. Was called against the heresy of Arius, who regarded Christ as the supreme creation of God.

The most important decisions of the cathedral are:

• Arianism was condemned;
• the dogma of the consubstantiality of the Son of the Father and His eternal birth is confirmed;
• The Nicene Creed is composed;
• the time of the celebration of Easter is set.

The Second Ecumenical Council


The Second Ecumenical Council. The Emperor Theodosius the Great, Nectarius Patras. Constantinople, Cyril Patras. Jerusalem, Damasius the Pope of Rome, Meletius Patras.

I passed in Constantinople in 381 year. Was called against the heresy of Macedonia, who considered the Holy Spirit to be the creation of God.

The most important decisions of the cathedral are:

• the heresy of Macedonia was condemned;
• The dogma of the equality and consubstantiality of God the Holy Spirit with God the Father and God the Son is approved;
• The creed was supplemented with 5 points. From that moment on, he remained unchanged.

The Third Ecumenical Council


The Third Ecumenical Council. Fathers of the Orthodox Church and heretics (fragment)

Passed in Ephesus in 431 year. Was called against the heresy of Nestorius, who taught that Christ was originally a man, and only then God settled in Him.

The most important decisions of the cathedral are:

• the Nestorian heresy was condemned;
• the dogma of the union in Christ of the Divine and human nature was confirmed.

The Fourth Ecumenical Council


The Fourth Ecumenical Council. Fathers of the Orthodox Church and heretics; Balkans. Serbia. Decans; XIV century; Location: Serbia. Kosovo. Monastery of High Decani. Narthex (porch)

I went to Chalcedon in 451 year. Was convened against the heresy of monophysites, who rejected human nature in Christ.

The most important decisions of the cathedral are:

• the heresy of monophysites was condemned;
• The dogma is confirmed that in the incarnation, the Divinity and humanity were united in Christ as one Person indissolubly and invariably, inseparably and inseparably.

The Fifth Ecumenical Council


The Fifth Ecumenical Council. Fathers of the Orthodox Church and heretics; Balkans. Serbia. Decans; XIV century; Location: Serbia. Kosovo. Monastery of High Decani. Narthex (porch)

I passed in Constantinople in 553 year. It was convened because of disputes between Nestorians and Monophysites.

The most important decisions of the cathedral are:

• The decisions of the III and IV Ecumenical Councils were confirmed.

The Sixth Ecumenical Council



The Sixth Ecumenical Council. The Emperor Constantine Pogonat, Peter patr. Alexandria, Epiphanius of Ephesus; Balkans. Serbia. Decans; XIV century.

I passed in Constantinople in 680 year. Was convoked against the doctrine of monothelites about one - the Divine - the will in Christ.

The most important decisions of the cathedral are:

• Approved the doctrine of two wills in Christ in two natures - Divine and submissive to it - human.

The Seventh Ecumenical Council


The Seventh Ecumenical Council; Greece; XVI century; master: Theophanes of Crete; Location: Greece. Athos, the Monastery of Stavronik

Passed in Nikea in 787 year. Was convened against iconoclastic heresy.

The most important decisions of the cathedral are:

• the heresy of iconoclasm is condemned;
• The dogma of icon-worship is approved.

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A source: THOMAS

Tags: Religion, Christianity