The Great October Socialist Revolution is one of the greatest events in world history. An event of a planetary scale that opened the way to space for people.
In the history of mankind, there have been many revolutions. But for the whole written history, only three of them were officially awarded the prefix "Great": the Great French Revolution, the Great American Revolution and the Great October Socialist Revolution.
Even the British bourgeois revolution of Cromwell did not deserve such a title, despite its scope and significance.
The three listed revolutions were awarded the title "Great" not in vain: each of them marked a fundamental change in the world before them. The Great French Revolution marked the beginning of the end of the era of absolutism, the Great American Revolution laid the foundation for the struggle of the colonies for independence, and the Great October Socialist Revolution was the first (but not the last) successful attempt to transform the world to socialism.
The significance of the Great October Socialist Revolution can not be overestimated. It led to an industrial leap forward in the USSR, to man's entry into space, to victory over Nazism, to the emergence of wellfare (if not for the high social standards of the Soviet Union, then the capitalists would never have done so), to accelerate the onset of equality for women, eradicate the racial segregation, the prohibition of child labor and the widespread introduction of universal suffrage.
The great October socialist revolution was admired by such great minds of the twentieth century as Mahatma Gandhi, Bernard Shaw and Herbert Wells.
The well-known English historian Edward Carr wrote: "The Russian Revolution 1917 was a turning point in the history of mankind, and it is likely that historians of the future will be called its greatest event of the 20th century. They will continue to argue and disagree for a very long time in evaluating it, as it was in its time with the Great French Revolution. Some will glorify the Russian revolution as a historical landmark in the liberation of mankind from oppression, others will curse as a crime and a catastrophe. "
The very existence of the Soviet Union made Western capitalists portray a "human face". And when he was gone, they quickly threw off this mask, which led to multiple interventions by the imperialists to other countries, to millions of victims, the disintegration of a number of countries, a crisis with refugees, and to the rapid disappearance of the middle class in the countries of the West (in the USA for the past 26 years, the middle class declined from 61% in 1991 to 23% in 2016, and continues to fade).
The Great October Socialist Revolution stopped
- the destruction of Russia by liberals;
- the growth of external debt (from 1914 to 1917, the national debt of RI grew from 8 to 33 million rubles, and from February to October 1917 the state debt grew from 33,6 million rubles to 77 million rubles in gold);
- the disintegration of the army (see "Order No.1" of the Provisional Government and the number of deserters that exceeded one million people);
- parade of sovereignty (such as the recognition by the Provisional Government of the legitimacy of the UPR);
- German landing in St. Petersburg (here a number of historians argue about the reliability, so this item can be considered questionable).
It should also be noted that the Bolsheviks overthrew not the legitimate authority, but the revolutionaries who raiderally seized power in Russia (or, as they would be called today, the "Maidauns").
As the well-known historian Petrov (not a socialist or a communist, but rather the opposite) writes: "After February 1917, no matter how we treated the Provisional Government, to the period of days of freedom, as Alexander Blok called them, Russia rushed into financial stupor and October 1917 year has reached, you can say, the bottom. "
Especially for "hrustobulochnikov", yearning for "Russia, which we lost", I want to add that "the inflation was growing and the real purchasing power of the ruble was falling. By 1917, it fell to the level of 27 kopecks in the pre-war level - 4 times. But against the backdrop of the enormous military costs that Russia carried, this was more or less acceptable. Since the price index for the same time increased by 7 times. That is, the fall in the purchasing power of the ruble somewhat lagged behind the growth of the price index. "
The Bolsheviks gained power at a time when the country was at the very bottom - debts were off scale, hyperinflation, the collapse of the army, a million armed deserters are wandering around the country, only a few industrially developed cities are in the whole vast country, and those plants work exclusively on foreign machines. And much more.
The situation was exacerbated by the "whites" who tried to break the nascent republic (with which the republic differs from the monarchy, I hope everyone knows?) With foreign money and with the support of foreign troops (Belochek, White Poles, French, English, etc.).
The Russian Empire of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was pregnant with the revolution just because of the obsolete and meaningless noble privileges. The main reason for the revolutionary situation was the transition to bourgeois-capitalist relations while preserving the feudal superstructure (nobility), which became absolutely useless, because most of the nobles did not serve and, most importantly, did not fight.
If in the classical feudal system the principle "service in return for land" operated, then the mass armies of the post-Napoleonic era actually destroyed the importance of the nobility as the main military force. And the noblemen did not find a new place in the changed world, having turned in overwhelming majority into a parasitic superstructure.
White (as well as foreigners - Germans, French and English), which their modern fans fearfully do not like to remember, strongly supported regional separatisms and created many different separatist neoplasms - the Urals Republic, the Siberian Republic, the Directory (successor to the UNR), "independent Azerbaijan "," Mountain Federation "and many others.
In such an extremely difficult environment, Lenin's associates had to act in the first few years after the revolution.
Despite this, in the fall of 1917, five were opened, and during the winter of 1918 - 17 research institutes on the basis of the report of the Vernadsky Commission, who started working on one of the most ambitious projects in world history. The young Soviet Republic undertook the world's first attempt to build an economy on a scientific basis (and not in the form of a blind faith in "maybe", that is, "the invisible hand of the market").
The scale of the reform was impressive. Organizational and management forms were actively introduced, analogues of which never existed in history. In the shortest possible time, an educational campaign was conducted, electrification, liquidation of homeless children (a huge problem in those times, which today they do not like to remember either), and then industrialization of the country.
The French historian Jules Michelet once said about a completely different revolution: "Sensitive people sobbing over the horrors of the revolution, drop a few tears and over the horrors that gave birth to it."
As Rustem Vakhitov writes in the book "The Revolution that Saved Russia": "In the prerevolutionary primary school the following subjects were resold: the Law of God, reading, writing, four acts of arithmetic, church singing, initial information from the history of the church and the Russian state, crafts and needlework. "
Of course, all these are extremely necessary items, which are quite sufficient for the rapid industrialization and transformation of an agrarian country into an advanced modern power. Or not?
The funniest thing is that the censors of the tsars allowed to publish Marx without notes, issuing as a review "Too difficult. Anyway, no one will understand anything. " The wisdom of the Russian people was underestimated.
Professor of Medicine Tarasevich at the Tenth Pirogov Congress in 1907 delivered a speech in which he stated that "the Russian people are in a state of constant malnutrition, chronic incomplete starvation. As a result, a slight deterioration is enough to start all the horrors of hunger. " And this is Russia, which we (not we, and you!) Lost? Want to return ?!
Hrustobulochniki and liberals are very fond of poking into the existence of communal apartments, but they forget to tell that the vast majority of factory workers in prerevolutionary Russia lived in barracks conditions (at best), in huge stacked barracks more reminiscent of concentration camps or prisons than a dwelling skilled workers. Even such a temporary and intermediate solution as the creation of "communal apartments" was a huge step in improving the living conditions and at least allowed the young families to seclude themselves for the continuation of the family (which, you must agree, is of no small importance).
Combined principle of organization of the economy in the conditions of severe climate and huge Russian distances allowed at times to increase production efficiency and reduce heating and logistics costs.
"Stalin's" (I write in quotes, because they were created by many fine scientists and managers), the principles of organization of the economy led to the fact that in the two postwar five-year plans the Soviet economy showed such a high rate of development, which no one, anywhere and never managed to repeat.
It was during the Soviet era in Russia, for the first time in its centuries-old history, systematically defeated the famine. It is thanks to this achievement that today's generation does not know at all what it was like for the permanent horror that hung over the Russians for many centuries.
The Soviet education system, recognized as the best in the world, was copied even by the Swedes and the Japanese. We were the most reading country in the world!
Soviet medicine was advanced in the prevention of diseases, from vaccinations to hygiene, physical education and sanatorium recreation.
The Soviet system of sports training made it possible to achieve the highest results, and in terms of the mass coverage of the population, only one country in the world could compete with it-the GDR (also socialist).
The achievements of the Soviet Union can be listed for a very long time. Its influence (ideological, military, economic) on a planetary scale far exceeded the capabilities of the Russian Empire at any time in its history.
The presence of the Soviet Union was felt in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Africa and even Latin America. In its scale it was comparable only with the British Empire at the peak of its power and the post-Soviet USA, and far surpassed any other empires in history, including Egypt, Rome and Macedonia.
The period of existence of the Soviet Union is certainly an advanced, outstanding, glorious period of Russian (and not only) history. They can and should only be proud (unlike "perestroika" and the nineties, when liberals and American puppets ruled, which is comparable to the Great Troubles of the early seventeenth century).
Unfortunately, in 1991 the degenerate top of the CPSU abandoned the socialist development path and as a result, the country for a long time plunged into chaos, poverty and devastation, the exit of which took almost twenty years. And our "legitimate" place in the world system was occupied by China, which did not abandon Marx, Stalin and Mao.
And today in the queue in the mausoleum of Lenin (and near the monument to Stalin) you can often see more Chinese than Russian. Wise Chinese people respect our history more than most of us.
At the same time, the Chinese, who also survived a period of several revolutionary upheavals and civil wars (no less, and perhaps more bloody than ours), are equally respectful of Sun Yatsen (the founder of the Kuomintang), Chiang Kai-shek (who replaced Sun Yatsen and fought against Mao ) and Mao Zedong, who won it. They all consider them patriots who simply saw the future of China in different ways. We should have learned from the Chinese such a respectful and reverent attitude to their own history.
Academician Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky scientifically proved the impasse of the prerevolutionary path of Russia's development and proposed a modernization alternative.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin), one of the greatest thinkers and figures of the twentieth century, a genius of tactics and an outstanding polemicist, finalized Vernadsky's ideas and designed their implementation in practical terms.
Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Stalin), an outstanding organizer, strategist and genius anti-crisis manager, managed to realize the theoretical and design achievements of Vernadsky and Lenin in practice, which enabled them to defeat the strongest army of the planet (the Wehrmacht) and their allies in the Great Patriotic War.
A similar chain with Fedorov, Tsiolkovsky and Korolev, which allowed us to be the first in the world to go out into space.
Yes, the times were severe. Americans, for example, in the same period, killed more than seven hundred thousand of their citizens during the "defermization," more than half a million in Roosevelt's labor armies during the Great Depression, and imprisoned all their citizens of Japanese origin in concentration camps without the slightest guilt (where many of them and died from unbearable conditions of detention).
I'm already silent about the incompetence of the US and British military commanders, who slammed all the beaches with corpses during the landing in Normandy, and then set a world record for the pace of flight during the German counter-offensive in the Ardennes. But the United States was on another continent, and did not experience all the hardships of the Nazi invasion!
And in these harsh times we managed not only to survive, but also to become one of the two strongest countries in the world, with advanced science and a powerful industry that shared peace with the United States in zones of influence. As a result, half of the UN spoke in Russian.
In general, the Great October Socialist Revolution is one of the greatest events in world history.
The greatest. Events. In the World. Stories.
Remember this, write it down and hack it on the nose.