The information bombardment that chemical weapons have been used against Bashar Assad's opponents and now it can be a US attack on Syria has successfully coincided with the anniversary of the overthrow of Saddam Hussein. Now it is especially useful to recall how easily Washington is going to manipulate weapons of mass destruction, and what its methods in the Middle East lead to.
Exactly 15 years ago, the US-led coalition toppled the "bloody dictator" of Saddam Hussein and saved the world from the threat of weapons of mass destruction by Iraq and Al Qaeda. True, they did not find any weapons in the end, Baghdad's ties with international terrorism were not revealed, the population under the "bloody dictator lived objectively better, and terrorist organizations are active in Iraq right now."
When American tanks entered Baghdad, the whole world flew footage of the demolition of the monument to Saddam Hussein in the central square of Fardus. But the historical survey was not set from the very beginning: the cameras recorded that the chain was wrapped around the "neck" of the sculpture by soldiers of the US Army, they also "decorated" the monument with a star-and-striped flag. The directors of the propaganda action thought that this was wrong. The American flag was removed, the Iraqi was put in its place, and the "happy liberated residents of Baghdad" fitted an absurd thin rope over the metal chain.
"The regime of Saddam Hussein is overthrown," the coalition forces announced. Demonstrative demolition of monuments and their gambling destruction under television cameras were subsequently repeated often.
Starting the military campaign against Iraq in 2003, US President George W. Bush addressed the American servicemen live on air: "The world depends on you, the hopes of the oppressed people are placed on you! These hopes will not be in vain ... We will defend our freedom. We will bring freedom to others. "
Propaganda design with freedom and democracy, introduced on the American bayonets, official Washington adhered to several more years. In 2006, Bush, assessing the situation in Iraq, called the past years "amazing" for the country. By that time, religious massacre was already under way, and the American forces and the new government barricaded themselves in the "green zone" of Baghdad.
Saddam Hussein can really be called a dictator, who established in his country a regime of personal power. The epithet "bloody" in his respect is also quite applicable: the operation against the Kurds in Northern Iraq, during which chemical weapons were used, falls under the definition of crimes against humanity. But then, in 1980, the West did not seek to investigate hotly, did not convene international tribunals or form coalitions to overthrow the tyrant. This is explained simply: at that time, Saddam was supported by the United States, and the "world stronghold of democracy" did not see anything special in what was happening.
Hussain for a long time was considered in the West as a "progressive Arab politician." Prior to his presidency in 1979, he was one of the leaders of the Pan-Arabist Party of Arab Socialist Revival (Baath) ruling in Iraq. With his direct participation in the country, the oil industry was nationalized, the proceeds of which began to be invested in the electrification and construction of roads. In parallel, there were modernization and mechanization of agriculture, industrial development programs were being implemented.
In the fight against illiteracy, schools and institutes were built throughout the country. One of the most effective health systems in the Middle East was created. And by the beginning of the 80, Iraq had turned into a developed state, where labor migrants from all over the Middle East sought. The popularity of Saddam Hussein grew at an unprecedented pace.
In 1972, Saddam visited Moscow. Alexei Kosygin soon arrived in Baghdad with a return visit. Friendship with the USSR allowed Baghdad to rearm its army. But in the second half of the 1970, the Iraqi special services that personally oversaw Hussein began the persecution of the Communists. A number of members of the Iraqi Communist Party were executed, and the ICP, accused of working for the interests of foreign states, went underground. At the price of the disagreement with the Soviet Union, Saddam strengthened the regime of personal power.
By that time he was already trying on himself the status of a regional leader - the bearer of a large Pan-Arabist project. The props in the person of the Soviets and the Soviet project prevented him.
An alternative project was the Islamic Revolution that won in neighboring Iran. Tehran supported Shiite groups in Iraq, and in 1980, Hussein began the Iran-Iraq war. During the fighting, both sides used weapons of mass destruction, however, sources of replenishment of Iraqi WMD are interesting.
In the Iran-Iraq conflict, the United States took the side of Baghdad. But after the seizure of the American embassy in Tehran and the 15-month drama with the hostages in a different way and could not be. In full accordance with the logic of "the enemy of my enemy is my friend", in 1982, Washington struck out Iraq from the list of countries supporting terrorism. A year later, Hussein met with Donald Rumsfeld (thus Rumsfeld, who at the time of 2003 headed the Pentagon and ran a military operation against Iraq). In a year the diplomatic relations between the countries were restored, interrupted after the Arab-Israeli war. After that, it was a stone's throw to Washington's help in accomplishing war crimes.
To avoid suspicion of bias, let us give the floor to Western sources. "The BBC reports:" Reagan decided not to allow the defeat of Iraq and begin to supply him with intelligence on the deployment of Iranian troops ... The US government knew at that time that Iraqi troops almost daily use poisonous substances against Iran ... Washington does not welcomed these methods, but especially did not mind ... CIA Director William Casey organized secret supplies of ballistic bombs to Iraq to repel Iranian psychic attacks ... American manufacturers supplied Iraq with a large number of chemicals and steel pipes that could but it was used for military purposes ... In the middle of 1980-ies of the US Department of Commerce has issued a license for the sale to Iraq of anthrax cultures. "
On chemical attack against Kurdish settlements in Northern Iraq, the US authorities did not just turn a blind eye: the CIA conducted an investigation and fabricated a report according to which the affected communities were attacked from the Iranian side.
Thus, the Americans themselves raised a "bad guy" from Saddam. And manipulations with accusations of using WMD are common for them.
The Iran-Iraq war ended in the fact that the parties remained with their own. However, the protracted conflict seriously shook the Iraqi economy. To correct the situation, Hussein decided to occupy the rich oil producing Kuwait, which was carried out during the military operation 2-4 August 1990.
The Iraqi leader expected that this "willfulness" would get away with him-it would help the status of an actual ally of the United States, moreover, an ally in whose closet there are common and binding skeletons. In addition, America still needed a counterbalance to Iran in the region. However, his calculation was not justified: the geopolitical situation changed dramatically - the occupation of Kuwait caused interruptions in the supply of oil to the world market, and the Iraqi grouping of troops on the border with Saudi Arabia was extremely unsettling for the American allies.
In November, the 1990-th UN Security Council authorized an operation to liberate Kuwait, and soon the forces of an international coalition led by the United States knocked out Iraqi troops from the territory of this country. In addition, the Security Council imposed a number of sanctions on Baghdad, demanding, among other things, the destruction of missile weapons and WMD.
Since then, the US has carefully formed the main world scarecrow from Iraq, accusing Hussein of persecuting the opposition, repression, supporting world terrorism and continuing the work on WMD.
In 1998, the Iraqi leader expelled UN observers from the country. This impulsive step only added fuel to the fire. What happened next, everyone knows.
It is difficult to say whether Washington really believed in the production of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. In any case, the offended Saddam was perceived as a threat, if not to the US itself, then to their allies in the region, especially since he really struck at extreme anti-Americanism and in his speeches used primitive religious rhetoric, calling punches on the US heads.
At the same time, the secular regime was preserved in Iraq, its government included Christians, and Islamist terrorist groups on its territory were suppressed cruelly and even cruelly.
Judging by the confirmed facts, weapons of mass destruction in the territory of Iraq still were destroyed under UN control. And the "evidence" of its presence, demonstrated by US Secretary of State Colin Powell at the UN Security Council meeting in February 2003, was falsified.
None of the politicians who committed aggression against a sovereign state on the basis of trumped-up charges, did not bear responsibility for this. All of them are respected political retirees and are treated on their laurels. Other results of the "democratization" of Iraq are as follows.
The central government does not control a significant part of the country's territory, where terrorist organizations operate and civil war continues. The number of victims of the confrontation since 2003 year is unknown - there is no clear data, as there are no state bodies capable of keeping population records. The infrastructure has been destroyed, the healthcare system has been eliminated, educational institutions have been destroyed, museums have been plundered, and the slave trade flourishes.
Nevertheless, Washington still did not leave the idea of arranging something like this in Syria. Do not waste the same pattern.