Experts have prepared a plan to create ecological and archaeological park in Corinth and its inclusion in the list of UNESCO World Heritage, told RIA Novosti the head of the American School of Classical Studies in Ancient Corinth, Guy Sanders.
Ancient Corinth - a unique monument of antiquity, and the creation of the park with modern transportation, hotel and information infrastructure will attract more tourists and give them more knowledge about the civilization and culture of ancient Greece, underscores Sanders.
Corinth was one of the major cities in ancient Greece. He occupied a strategic position at the crossroads of trade routes, on the isthmus connecting mainland Greece and the Peloponnese peninsula. Corinthians wealth is proverbial: "Not everyone swim in Corinth", said in the past. The history of the city is closely connected with the spread of Christianity - Paul preached here, were the ruins of buildings francs period. Corinth played an important role in the liberation of Greece from Turkish domination.
The Corinthia region there are dozens of monuments of ancient Greece, in particular, have been found by Schliemann Mycenae, there were Istmeyskie and the Nemean Games, was conceived wine.
"We are preparing a huge cross plan to Corinth It includes Acrocorinth (the ancient fortress on the mountain near the 600 meters - ed.).., An archaeological site of ancient Corinth and the old port Leheon as environmental and archaeological park, he can enter into the list of World Heritage sites . UNESCO UNESCO recognition would mean that the world will get to know and respect the Corinth "- Sanders said in an interview with RIA Novosti.
"The plan we hope to attract more tourists to Corinth, to give more knowledge about the civilization and culture of the Ancient Corinth, and to help the economy," - said the archaeologist.
Acrocorinth castle, located at an altitude of more than 800 meters and thousands of years to protect the city
Now completed the first phase of the plan.
"These are economic ideas - the creation of zones, how many places should be in hotels where it is better to arrange taverns, how to get from Athens - by train or car.Now we are ready volume of 300 pages.On the second stage we will have a volume in 900 pages, with a story about each monument, his condition will be shown, what we need to do, and we must prepare a new traffic scheme with the municipality, as buses will travel from the railway station to Ancient Corinth and to Acrocorinth, how to get to other archaeological sites, about the Wine Road in Neme, "- said Guy Sanders.
In his opinion, such a rich history of the place visited by few tourists.
"There is 160 thousands of tourists every year It must be a little longer in Knossos in Crete -... One million", - the head of the excavation.
Visitors, he added, must understand that they can stay here for two or three or four nights. "Athens is very close from here. There is no reason to pay for a more expensive hotel in Athens. Every day you can go somewhere. You can from here to go to Nafplion from this hour to Tripoli, two hours before the Patras hour before Perachora, an hour to the airport. So Corinth that may be the center of a large complex, "- says Sanders.
According to him, the leadership of the Ministry of Culture is interested in the plan, and the day before he met with senior officials of the Ministry and talked to them about the problems.
"We have progress, as the Ministry of Culture really wants this plan as an indicator of other archaeological spaces in Greece we are doing a very important job, not only for Corinth, but also for archeology in Greece." - said Sanders.
Archaeologist trying to achieve recognition of Corinth and at the global level. According to him, it will assess the contribution of Corinth to the world civilization.
"Corinthian tyrant Periander went to Italy, together with the masters of ceramics. The Etruscans learned how to do things such as a roof. The Corinthians were taught the Etruscans. The presence of the Corinthians was huge around the Mediterranean Sea. The son of a native of Corinth Tarquinius was king of Rome. He built a racecourse - circus Maximus, he built cesspool "- Sanders said.
"I wrote and passed two years ago to the UNESCO report, why Corinth admittedly monument of world importance", - he said.
"Protection of monuments do not need"
Another problem that can not solve the Greek authorities, - is to increase working hours of museums and archaeological sites. Now they close at three o'clock, when tourists still go.
"With this problem. In the summer open until sunset. But now is not the guards that we need, and we are closing in 3 hours. This is a problem. On Monday, the museum is closed. We need more rangers to have more tourists, it had more money" - Sanders said.
Ceramics with geometric murals, 800-750 BC
According to him, to hire new employees prevents, in particular, the economic crisis, while the rangers working mindset is such that there are only one hall.
However, archaeologist sure guards and caretakers at many facilities are not needed.
"For me - so it is necessary to open all things, do not store them there we have a huge basilica, which is closed, -. No caretaker Why not open and does not allow visitors themselves to go inside if they are allowed, they will not hurt anything.?" - he says Sanders.
To the remark that the authorities fear the emergence of graffiti, Sanders said that in the open for all fountain Haji Mustafa does have graffiti, but 15 years, no one cleans them.
"If there is a sign that the fountain 500 years provides water district, if they teach people give education, they will not break down, do not paint the monuments," - he said.
"You can not because of fear of one person close all", - he concluded.
By tradition, in Greece most of the excavations are foreign archaeologists. When the state has no money, it is transmitted in various foreign archaeological schools the right to excavate and research publication. However, all that is found, it belongs to the Greek State.
The American School of Classical Studies conducts excavations in ancient Corinth with 1896 years. Then the Americans are buying land for archaeological work, but then they were transferred to the Greek State.
Himself Guy Sanders - British, but his deputy Julia Tsong says he is "an ancient Corinthian." In Corinth he works 20 years.
"My teacher at the university said," Guy, if only two interesting places in the world to work - Ancient Agora of Athens and Corinth, "And in one of those places I work." - Sanders said.
The head of the American School of Classical Studies in Ancient Corinth, Guy Sanders
Core funding comes from the American side - money gives private individuals and foundations, but are also a means of European programs, national research funds.
New Museum for Ancient Corinth
A few months ago in the Archaeological Museum of Ancient Corinth opened a new hall with unique artifacts.
"Our findings surprising, especially Kouros (statue of the young men). Two Kouros were found in 2010, the" black diggers "on the grave in Maple, near Ancient Corinth." Black diggers "showed the place of discovery department Corinth antiquities, and immediately began excavations . Sculptures created about 550 BC, they stood on the graves they are made of marble from the Cyclades usually Kuroshio served as an ornament, but here they were tombstones These two Kouros -... the only tombs in Greece ", - said Julia zone.
One of the most interesting finds, she said, are the remains of salted fish in amphorae. "It was imported from present-day Spain.These amphoras were made in Spain in the 5th century BC They were fishing in the Atlantic Ocean and were being brought here because there was not a lot of fish in Corinthia.The locals had a demand for tuna from the Atlantic From southern Spain, a lot of tuna was supplied from Cadiz, some rich Corinthian merchant built the entire trading system.When Pericles (the Athenian statesman, one of the founders of the Athenian democracy) said that the Athenians were creating everything new, and the Corinthians lagged behind, this They're never behind whether, "- said Tzon.
Amphora with remnants 500-450 salted fish century BC. Fish were caught in the Atlantic Ocean and imported from the territory of modern Spain
In the 2014 year it was found a magnificent marble mosaic of a total area of 80 square meters - a woman is likely to embody the Corinth athlete award for the victory wreath. Mosaic began to restore, but the work stopped because of lack of money.
Tsong notes that the museum needed a new building.
"Archaeological Museum of Corinth was built in 1931, the American School. In the 1950, the two wings were built. We live in 2017 year. Can not this space to service the volume of needs of tourists, who grew up with 30-ies. It has been almost a century. We need new spaces that people could see the findings that we have ", - said the archaeologist.
Guy Sanders, for its part says that there are artifacts that no one saw.
"The site ascsa.net we scan our archive -. Photos, graphics, plans, everything there you can read what we wrote about Corinth All digital photos There 460 thousand things that you can find and see they all are hidden All of them.... are in storage in the basement of the museum there are findings We found and collected so many things that no one can see they are closed on lock It's a shame, "-..!. Sanders said.
"At Easter, come to us 20 buses How can accommodate 50 people off the bus here It's a small space, it is for ten people.?" - said the archaeologist.
At the same time, according to scientists, the location for the new museum there, and very close. This artificial mound of earth, which were taken from the excavation site.
"There have been laid rails, carriages land taken out and dumped, so that there was a hill, where now there are souvenir shops, shops where you do not need to archaeological excavations, it's bulk is necessary only architectural studies, feasibility of construction of the building here..", - said Tsong .
Sculptures 5-century BC, found in Corinth and Acrocorinth
"The question in finance Unfortunately, politicians do not understand that is a boon to those who voted for them museum should not be a political thing if it makes the politician with someone's help, the following policies should continue to cooperate...", - he noted Guy Sanders.
Franks in Greece
excavated Frankish period homes are underway, only a few meters from the Archaeological Museum.
"This is not a very old site. It is a few houses of the medieval period. Wherever you went to Greece, everywhere you see the medieval fortress and the church, but there are no residential houses of the medieval period. Even in Mistra (medieval town near Sparta) they are not. And Monemvasia all Venetian period where the home is the medieval era, "-. said Guy Sanders.
Soon, visitors can enter the ruins of the house. Most archaeological sites in Greece are closed to visitors, but in ancient Corinth archaeologists want to leave open space that people can see ordinary houses and ordinary life.
"Now we have workers working in the courtyard of a huge house - its area was 800 square meters.Compare it with an apartment in Athens or Moscow, where they usually do not exceed 100 meters.Here here someone lived in a house with an area of 800 square meters! was the second and possibly the third floor, so we are talking about a very rich man.The house was a huge kitchen, storerooms, workshops.The garbage that we found around it are the remains of objects belonging to a rich man in Ancient Corinth.He had trade ties with Northern Italy - with Lucca, Pisa, Florence, ere found vessels of Northern Italy "- Sanders said.
Excavations house rich Corinthian 13-th - 14-centuries
According to him, also found ruins of a small monastery with a church, inside and there were plenty of graves. "In this small room were about 240 people who were treated they were sick, as established bone study, brucellosis remains now, fortunately, are not dangerous.." - Sanders said.
"One of the patients who died here was a military man, he was very short, judging by his curved legs - a rider, the developed bones of his chest and arms indicate that he was engaged in archery." Judging from the head, he was from Asia, maybe , from Mongolia, and had many military wounds, he also had head injuries, but he survived, and died of a bad tooth. "A very interesting person was." We need to do strontium tests to find out where he was from, find out where others came from buried here. Apparently, there were foreigners in Greece. nor were from everywhere, "- said the archaeologist.
"So we have a very interesting findings that relate to 13-14-th centuries They argue that Corinth was a crossroads of trade relations, human ways, the philosophy he was the center of civilization and trade.." - he concluded.
Stop, save and explore
American School of 120 years working here, but the question of whether all the archaeologists found Sanders meets categorical "no."
"A lot of what we still dig up, but we do not have to dig We must keep everything to preserve We need to learn new things that we already have..." - he said.
Sphinx mid 6-century BC
According to him, there can be clearly seen how much of the soil caused the Roman period.
"Every year gets one centimeter of the soil, and for five hundred years has caused five meters. We have much to learn from what we have, and there is no need to dig further. There were playgrounds, closed quadrangular plates. We picked up the plate, a little digging deeper, see what's there and figure out how to build buildings, and back plates in place ", - said Sanders.
According to him, the archaeologists have destroyed many things for the sake of a more ancient finds, but found has not been studied until the end.
"There was a huge house, which previously dated about 1200-th year of our era. But this is a mistake. They were not built to 1300 years. There was a glass-blowing workshop, which is dated about 1100-th year. Error. She was 15-century. If you read the new things you see that story, which was written earlier archaeologists, was erroneous and can learn new things from old data ", -. Sanders said.
"I know that it was built around the year 1400 And that means that there was a renaissance in Greece for the first time we have the Renaissance archeology.." - said the scientist, who said they want to stay in this period, and not to go below.
"Maybe there is gold at the bottom, but these ruins are worth more than gold because they are unique.." - he said.
Guy Sanders convinced that it is necessary to keep and have survived to the present day tradition.
"When I first came to Greece, I saw farmers engaged even old cultivation system, plow horses and donkeys Total 30 years ago, Greece was still a very traditional country, and we should not lose that knowledge." - said the scientist .
"In Greece there is the old knowledge about plants, the knowledge they have gathered thousands of years. They know a lot about plants, some of them can help the health or harm him. This knowledge, we must not forget, it will be disastrous. If we do not interrogate the elderly , die, and this knowledge. Let us not forget anything! " - he said.
Sanders hopes that the new store will be built for the findings later this year and will be located "Folk Museum, a museum of daily life in the region, ethnographic museum" to vacate the building.
View of the excavations in the year 1925
In the archives of the American School of Classical Studies collected thousands of photos. "Picture number 1" made in 1896, when excavations began and there was nothing. Preserved and school pictures, open the first governor of Greece, the former Russian Foreign Minister Ioannis Kapodistrias. Kapodistrias Corinth considered as a possible capital of Greece, then thought of it as a center of education, and built this school, which existed prior to 1930 years.
Scientists have prepared a special educational program for America and for Greece. To continued funding, it is necessary to make a program for children in the United States, but at the same time preparing for the program and for Greek children. Incidentally, in the local school program necessarily includes visits to historical and archaeological sites.
Archaeologists have prepared a new guide in Greek and English languages, to be published this year. It 210 pages, a lot of pictures, diagrams, maps, proofreads and now that there are no errors.
"But what I wanted to do last - a modern guide in digital format," - said Guy Sanders.
"Everywhere there are travel guides Blue Guides But some of the scholars have written that it is selfish -. He said that you should see that you should know, you read it as the Bible," - said Sanders.
According to him, new technologies make it possible to create a new type of guide.
"If we have it all in digital format, we can show photos of you standing in the church, and your phone will show -. If you want to learn more, click here, here artefacts found You can create your own guide to the topics you. interested, for example, if you take a coin, you can read more about the coins It will be like a tutorial, "-.. said the scientist.