In the 2004 10, he joined the new member states of the EU.
Countries in Eastern Europe were generally much poorer than the countries of the old guard. However, they did not leave hope that the fundamental ideals of the European Union intended to contribute to the prosperity of all its members, to help them improve their situation.
Experience has shown that the possibility of conducting research is a key part of any economic transformation.
It was hoped that the freedom of movement between states will allow scientists from the former Soviet bloc countries to strengthen cooperation with scientists from the developed countries of Western Europe. The idea is that if a Polish researcher moved to the UK, he would have not only to collaborate with scientists from the UK, but also strengthen the relationship with the scientists of his native country.
However, all was exactly the opposite. From the new analysis, it became known that the level of cross-border cooperation with scientists from Eastern Europe declined after 2004, the (red line on the graph).
In order to arrive at this conclusion, the researchers calculated the number of studies conducted in international co-authorship in each of the member countries of the EU. Articles written by the authors of only one country were not taken into account. Based on this, they found that the percentage of studies in international co-authorship in Poland fell from 33% in 2004 to 28% in 2011. But in the UK, the share of studies in international co-authorship increased from 28% in 2004 to 43% in 2011 Instead of developing scientific cooperation in Poland and thereby increasing the economic potential in this country, membership in the EU has reduced the percentage of international scientific relations between Poland.
The best scientists and so have the opportunity to establish international cooperation, regardless of what country they live in. If they remove the restrictions, they will move to the best research centers. When the best Polish scientist moves to the UK, he establishes cooperation with researchers in Germany and France. After moving, the scientist's research works will appear only in the UK database, but not in Polish databases. That is, research scientist for Poland and the actual scientific connection with Poland will be lost.
Specialization in the EU countries is inevitable. UK attracts the best experts in the field of finance (or at least attracted, until there was Brexit), Germany is often a center of advanced manufacturing research and development.
"Scientists tend to be places where you can do science, and which are the most complete environment for research," - said Peter Tindemans, the Secretary General of Euroscience.
This is a difficult situation for politicians, especially when the research is largely funded by the state. On the one hand, they do not want to hinder the development of science, blocking the free flow of researchers from one country to another. On the other hand, the region, which is losing scientists, has, as a rule, the worst economic performance.
And there is a solution to the problem. Invest in the possibility of obtaining foreign experience scholars, so that then they came back and handed over to experience their native country. Another option - to invest in research centers in countries that are in need of the development of science.
The EU is trying to implement both options, but there are limits.
"It is impossible to develop the same high-quality research centers across Europe are too few specialists for this and too much funding would be needed to implement this idea." - Tindemans said.