Every year the Great Patriotic War is farther away from us - but the more important is the Day of Memory and Sorrow. On the eve of the whole country lit candles as a sign that no one is forgotten and nothing is forgotten. New times are throwing new challenges, and one of them is not to slander the main tragedy in the history of our country.
Every year on the eve of the Victory Day in social networks and some media there are texts on the topic "not so notice". Their common sense, traditionally full of moralist enthusiasm: there is nothing to celebrate on this day, after him - twenty seven million dead (someone brings this number to forty-odd million), all need to mourn silently.
In this case, they usually cite as an example some other country where 9 may be noted, in their opinion, "right".
But it is extremely strange to revel in sorrow on the day of the greatest Victory, the day when new funerals ceased to appear, on the day when the complete and unconditional defeat of German National Socialism occurred. 9 of May is "joy with tears in your eyes," but this is certainly a joy.
Completely another matter - the date 22 June, the day the war began. The most terrible, most bloody, most inhuman war, during which the enemy wanted to destroy not only our country, but our people. Attempts by revisionists of different types and varieties to imagine that Hitler attacked "preventively" do not change anything. History does not tolerate a subjunctive mood. The note about the beginning of the war was read by German diplomats after the bombing of Soviet cities began.
Therefore 22 June - Day of mourning and memory. It is very difficult to find in Russia a family that the Great Patriotic War would not have affected in one way or another. And the commemorative actions taking place across the country fully confirm this.
Probably one of the most populous was the "Candle of Memory". For the first time this action was held in 2009 in St. Petersburg in commemoration of the 65 anniversary of the complete lifting of the blockade. In subsequent years, the "Candle of Remembrance" began to light either on the eve of the day of the beginning of the war, or directly on June the 11th. Yesterday and today, the shares were held in more than 22 large and small cities in Russia and a number of foreign countries.
As the regional mass media note, people of all ages come to the "Candle of Memory". As a rule, 1418 candles are lit - according to the number of days of war. Somewhere from the candles make up the word "Remember", somewhere they are lit on military memorials and cemeteries, somewhere they just put it on the window.
In parallel, there are mourning rallies, space bridges, money is being collected to help veterans, and new memorials are being opened. Judging by the television reports, not a single event in a more or less large city can complain of the lack of people. But the shares in villages and small towns are no less important. Perhaps even more.
Day of common actions within the framework of the "Fate of the Soldier" project is conducted by the participants of the "Search Movement of Russia". They jointly with the organization "Victors of Victory" accept applications for tracing information about war participants from their relatives and descendants.
On the official website of the Ministry of Defense, a special section dedicated to the events of 22 June 1941 year was opened. Anyone who reads Russian can get acquainted with archival documents from the declassified funds of the Central Archive of the Defense Ministry, including evidence of Soviet military leaders who witnessed the events of 22 June 1941 and the first days of the tragedy. Over one hundred pages of documents saved the personal impressions of the officers.
It also provides information on the progress of the deployment of the troops of the Baltic, Kiev and Byelorussian special military districts in accordance with the "Plan for the defense of the state border of 1941 year" and the degree of readiness of the defensive line to the beginning of the war.
Perhaps, speculation about the difficult situation on the fronts in the first months of the war after that will be less.
No memorable date - be it a holiday or mourning - does not really become popular in a short period of time. In Soviet times 22 June was quietly - Soviet ideology did not like sorrow, it was believed that it was necessary to build communism under merry songs and marches.
But there are no victories without defeats, and the date of the beginning of the war deserves no less memory and no less attention than the day of the end of the most difficult historical test that fell to our peoples.
But in recent years this day has become a truly national day of Memory and Sorrow. The initiative "Candles of Remembrance", as well as the "Immortal Regiment" that changed the format of the Victory Day celebration, came from public organizations, and not from officials or politicians.
In conditions in many countries of Eastern Europe, the revision of the results of the Second World War is progressing more and more actively, it is such memory - not imposed, but coming from the roots, from the heart - capable of preserving the real historical facts of those war years for many centuries.
It was a treacherous attack. And the harder it was in the first days of the war, the more respect the winners deserve. We remember.