Schools of the DNR completely switched to Russian. This happened in spite of the position of the head of the republic Alexander Zakharchenko, who advocated the values of internationalism. As the Minister of Education of the People's Democratic Republic of Yelena Elena Polyakova explained to the newspaper, there were simply no students willing to study it in schools. Why then in the next LNP training in the Ukrainian is saved?
Alexander Zakharchenko, head of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic (DNR), said that local educational institutions had completely switched from Ukrainian into Russian. The day before, in an interview with the "Donetsk news agency", he recalled that the process began in 2014. Then in Russian 50% of students were trained, in 2015-m - 88%, and now "this figure reached 100%".
"Training in the Ukrainian language and learning the Ukrainian language are two different things," Larisa Polyakova, the Minister of Education of the National Democratic Republic, explained to the newspaper. She stressed: "We have not abolished the study of the Ukrainian language. Ukrainian is studied in all schools. " The head of the educational department noted that, according to the constitution, there are two state languages in the republic.
Polyakova stressed: "Learning in any language is an individual matter for every person." It happens at the will of the parents, she added. To determine the language in which the training will take place, a survey of the parents of all pupils of the school is conducted.
"If last year we had some more training in the Ukrainian language at the request of our parents, then in 2018 no one wanted to study in Ukrainian," Larisa Polyakova noted. The decline in the popularity of the Ukrainian language, she explained: "Donbass is part of the Russian world. We want to speak Russian, to learn Russian. "
Both Russian and Ukrainian languages remain state in the DNR. In April, Zakharchenko confirmed that the Ukrainian language is protected and developed in the republic - no repressions are made either to the language or to Ukrainian culture. "It never occurred to me. We did not even change the signs on the streets, "the head of the DNR said.
Last May, during a direct line with residents of the Kherson region, Zakharchenko formulated his attitude to the Ukrainian language, calling it beautiful, as well as embroidered. "These Bandera people are trying to make us hate these things. They act on the principle of "divide and conquer". That is why in our Donbass the Ukrainian language is developing freely, and no one rushes to people who go out into the streets wearing embroideries, "Zakharchenko explained.
However, over time, the cultural ties between the People's Democratic Republic of Ukraine and Ukraine are becoming less obvious. Since 2015, the DNR has refused to teach history on Ukrainian textbooks.
In the neighboring self-proclaimed Lugansk People's Republic (LNR), the history of Ukraine is also not taught since 2015. Moreover, in autumn 2014, some Ukrainian media claimed that some schools in the Lugansk region allegedly planned to abandon the teaching of the Ukrainian language and literature.
As explained by the newspaper Vzglyad poetess, editor of the newspaper "Kamerton Academy Matusovsky" (Lugansk) Elena Zaslavskaya, according to the Constitution of the People's Republic of Finland, the state languages are Russian and Ukrainian. "It is also written in our Constitution that everyone has the right to use their native language, to freely choose the language of communication, upbringing, education and creativity. And, fortunately, this principle is being implemented in our country. For example, in the Theater on Defense are plays in Ukrainian, children's dance and vocal groups have not excluded from their programs Ukrainian folk songs and dances, in schools they continue to learn the Ukrainian language, "Zaslavskaya said.
According to her, for many people in the country, the Ukrainian language has become a symbol of the state, "which destroys our peaceful cities and population, but there are people who separate the cannibalistic policy of the Ukrainian government from the Ukrainian people." "Donbass has always been a multinational region. Before the war, Ukrainian was the language of the country's remote places, it was not spoken in the city, this structure still exists. The Russian language is the language of education, communication, business culture. Speaking at the Ukrainian townspeople - a great rarity. At the same time, the Lugansk citizens, communicating with their rural relatives, easily pass into this language. There is no need to receive an acute need in this language, but nobody will prevent it from us, "the poet summed up.
Note that in the Crimea, which was reunited with Russia several years ago, education in the Ukrainian language continues, although in Kiev and in the West they say the opposite. Recall, in April in The Hague, the chairman of the International Court of the UN Ronnie Abraham demanded from Russia to ensure the resumption of education in Ukrainian in the Crimea.
Ukrainian remains one of three state - on a par with Russian and Crimean-Tatar. In the spring, the Minister of Education, Science and Youth of Crimea Natalia Goncharova cited statistics according to which the education in Ukrainian is received by 371 child (about 0,1% of the number of students of Crimean general education organizations).
In a conversation with the newspaper VZGLYAD Goncharova said: "We have only one school and several classes in other schools teaching in the Ukrainian language."
The only school with teaching in Ukrainian works in Feodosia. It has nine classes and 132 students. Back in 12 schools with the Russian language of instruction, 19 Ukrainian-language classes work. They are studying 139 schoolchildren. In the Crimean Tatar language, 5,4 thousand children are educated (about 3%). In this academic year on the peninsula functioning 15 general education organizations with the Crimean Tatar language of instruction (201 class, 3651 student). Another 137 classes with the Crimean Tatar language of instruction functioned in 37 Russian-language schools. They were visited by 1730 children.
Thus, in fact, teaching was not interrupted. Simply the number of people wishing to study it has decreased drastically.