Having abandoned the creation of a unified army of the European Union, the Brussels bureaucracy does not abandon the very idea of building supranational structures.
German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen denied the possibility of creating a single European army. She recently announced this in an interview with the media resource Funke Mediengruppe. Asked whether the united EU army would be created, she answered in the negative: "No, there will not be a European army. National parliaments must decide for themselves the participation of their troops in conflicts, "the minister said, stressing that" the EU will not compete with NATO in the matter of national defense. " At the same time Ursula von der Leyen advocated the creation of a military alliance with France. Earlier, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron instructed the heads of military departments of their countries to develop a number of measures to create a defense fund before the meeting of the two countries' ministers, scheduled for 13 July.
Just two years ago, von der Läien actively supported plans to create an EU army. Then she stated that "the armed forces of the EU member states are increasingly working together, and for such an intertwining of armies with the prospect of having a European army, in my opinion, the future".
Now, according to the head of the German Defense Ministry, the European Union, without the army, contributes to the security: "The EU unites the military tasks for which we should better coordinate, with non-military ones, within which we invest in development and stability." One of these contributions will be the European Defense Fund, which was announced by the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security, Federica Mogherini. "This is a way to maximize the added value that the EU can give its members in the field of security and defense," said the head of European diplomacy. "We intend to expand cooperation in the field of research, strengthening combat capability, carrying out by the European Union military and civil missions and operations."
Since this year, from the European Defense Fund for development and procurement of military equipment will be allocated 90 million euros. Then this amount will increase to half a billion, and to 2020 year - to 1,5 billion. Integration in the defense sector was opposed by the UK, but it withdraws from the EU. Now the remaining 27 countries will be guided by the provision of the Lisbon Treaty that "the Union can use civil and military means", in particular "to support third countries in the fight against terrorism on their territory" (similar operation was already carried out in Mali by French servicemen; A Training Center for the security forces of several African countries will be established in Brussels).
The construction of other new structures of the European Union continues. Thus, the European Prosecutor's Office will be created to combat international financial crimes. The ministers of justice of 20 EU countries agreed on this not so long ago at a meeting in Luxembourg, where the headquarters of the institution are planned to be located. Remain outside this project is allowed by the outgoing Union of Britain and its neighboring Ireland.
However, as recognized by the Czech EU Commissioner Vera Jourová, several years will be taken to remove possible objections from some EU countries, in particular Poland and Hungary: "We will have two or three years to prepare for the full implementation of the idea of the European Prosecutor's Office, Said Yurova. "But a big step has already been taken in our fight against corruption and fraud."
The results of investigations of such crimes will be transferred to the single prosecutor's office by the European Office for Fighting Fraud OLAF (Office de Lutte Anti-Fraude), whose main task is to combat abuses against the budgetary funds of the European Union. Brussels calls on the Bureau and future prosecutors in Luxembourg to pay more attention to cross-border VAT abuses, because of which the EU countries annually lose at least 50 billion euros. While OLAF together with national law enforcement bodies suppresses basically money-laundering.