An attempt on the attempt on Emmanuel Macron made Europe remember that Islamist refugees are by no means the only internal terrorist threat. There is also an activation of the extreme right, who in some places switched to street terror under the slogans of Breivik. Europe is gradually being dragged into the millstone between Islamism and Nazism.
Attempts to assassinate the new president of France were revealed thanks to gamers. They told the police that a visitor chatting one of the games was asking where you can buy a machine. "We need something like a Kalashnikov," he explained. The next day the police came for a suspect who lived in the commune of Argenteuil, a prestigious suburb of Paris. A twenty-three-year-old attacked them with a kitchen knife, two more knives were found in his car. Already during the interrogation it was revealed that the gamer planned to shoot Emmanuel Macron at the annual parade in honor of the Bastille Day.
Later, the Paris prosecutor's office clarified that the suspect belonged to the right-wing radicals, was going to attack "Negroes, Arabs, Jews and gays", and considered his idol as the Norwegian extremist Anders Breivik. Psychiatrists found the gamer "psychologically unstable, but sane and purposeful."
As in the case of Islamic terrorists in London, most of which were well known to law enforcement officers, the identity of the "goal-oriented gamer" did not become an opening for the French police. In 2016, he was already brought to trial for the support of Breivik, the propaganda of terrorism and the incitement of racial hatred. He received three years in prison with a grace period of one and a half years.
Attempts for presidents are an old French tradition. One Charles de Gaulle successfully survived 32 attempts to kill and even joked about this: "If the president has never been shot, it means he is unpopular." The current terrorist, perhaps, was inspired by the example of Maxim Bruneri. 14 July 2002, this twenty-five-year-old student carried a rifle in a case from under the guitar to the parade in honor of the Bastille Day. He managed to shoot two times at Jacques Chirac, but the President's bullets did not hurt. Then Bruneri stuffed the barrel of the rifle in his mouth, but did not reach for the trigger. He was twisted before the arrival of the police.
Bruneri was also extremely right-wing and belonged to the nationalist group "Radical Unity" (Unite Radical). Its members maintained contact with both the Republicans and the "National Front", but considered themselves to be National Bolsheviks and called for general French resistance. Immediately after the assassination, the group was banned, and most of its members moved to the Identity Bloc (Bloc Identitaire), within which they continue to fight for national identity and against Islamization. Bruneri himself, after serving seven years, went free, wrote memoirs and became something like a celebrity.
Attempts on the presidents of France are only special cases in the series of terrorist attacks organized by the European ultra-right in recent years.
While not justifying extremists, we note that there is some logic in their activation. To the normal political struggle, the extreme right is not tolerated - the establishment parties and European officials at all levels act as a united front even against those nationalists who, with all their will, can not be attributed to radicals. In the same France, the quite moderate "National Front" Marin Le Pen, for which a third of voters voted for the presidential election, received only eight seats in the National Assembly. The parliamentary elections in the Netherlands for the party of Hertha Wilders ended in failure, the agenda of which was simply copied by the ruling circles. The prospects for "Alternatives for Germany" in the forthcoming elections to the Bundestag also look bleak.
The European nationalists do not have a normal platform: the media either ignore their point of view, or they are only quoted to label the "fascists" and "racists". Add to this the continuing migration crisis, the wave of Islamist terrorism and the demonstrative reluctance of the authorities to respond adequately to these challenges. French nationals find it difficult to agree with the position of Macron, who philosophically remarked about the next terrorist attack in the midst of the presidential race: "This is a new reality, we need to live in it."
In the end, the youngest and irreconcilable are crossing a line that can not be crossed.
Since 2011, when Anders Breivik shot 77 people only because they belonged to the Left Workers Party, the number of violent nationalist actions throughout Europe continues to grow. At first these were attacks on migrants and their hostels. In Sweden alone, for 2015 year, more than 20 attacks on hostels were registered, and in January 2016, unknown masked people gathered in a crowd and beat migrants at a train station in Stockholm.
The centers for the reception of migrants were also regularly set on fire in Germany. The MVD of the Federal Republic of Germany calculated that only for 2016 year the places of compact residence of refugees were attacked more than a thousand times, in addition, more than two and a half thousand attacks on migrants were registered.
If the organizers manage to be brought to trial, they are seriously punished. Thus, the activist of the National Democratic Party of Germany Mark Scheider received eight years in prison in 2016 for setting fire to a migrant hostel, in which no one was injured. It seems that the rigidity of the court only provokes extremists.
Statistics of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of France, too, is not happy. For example, the number of attacks against Muslims in 2015 increased by 223% compared to 2014 year. One of the most dangerous actions of French extremists was the arson of the refugee camp in Calais, the famous "Jungle". No one was killed only by a fluke.
The English Nazis are especially radical. On the eve of the Braxit referendum, the country was shocked by the murder of 41-year-old Joe Cox, a Labor MP from the Labor Party. At a meeting with voters, the local resident Thomas Meir approached her, did not argue with her for a long time about whether Britain should withdraw from the EU, and then shot Cox three times with a hunting rifle and finished off with a knife. Meir professed ultra-right ideas, and during the attack he shouted the slogan "Britain is above all!"
A year later, shortly after the Islamist attacks in London and Manchester, 47-year-old Cardiff native Darren Osborne drove his van into a crowd of parishioners coming from the Finsbury Park mosque. He crushed one man to death, wounded eight. Witnesses claim that during the detention he shouted that he wanted to kill all Muslims.
According to the British police, for 11 months since the referendum, the number of crimes committed on motives of racial and religious hatred increased by 23% - from 40,7 thousand to 50. The greatest increase in Gwent County in Wales (77%), as well as in the counties of Kent, Warwickshire and Nottinghamshire.
Her Majesty's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Boris Johnson, shrewdly observed in his time that, in the case of Breivik, "we are dealing with a mirror image of an Islamic terrorist - a man guided by exactly the same, just the opposite ideological mania."
And indeed, the right-wing radicals are in many respects similar to their declared enemies - Islamists. For the most part, they work alone and, until the attack, behave like ordinary, respectable citizens. Therefore, the terrorist attacks involving them are so difficult to prevent.
However, as in the case of Islamists, the right-wing radicals do not feel themselves to be loners. They live in their information environment, which completely shapes their picture of the world. If Islamists find spiritual food in the sermons, the nationalists are inspired by the works of the "classics" from Hitler to Breivik, and the Internet allows you to keep in touch with like-minded people around the world. At some point, this virtual picture of the world, where "migrants are to blame for everything" (Muslims, Makron - it's necessary to emphasize) completely supplants reality, and the terrorist takes up arms.
The usual motive of right-wing radicals is revenge. Swedish nationalists avenged refugees for the murder of a young volunteer girl. German - for rape in Cologne. Darren Osborne tried to "call to account" Muslims for the terrorist attacks in London and Manchester.
The handwriting of the terrorist acts is also similar in many respects. Islamists have come into fashion to press pedestrians - the same tactics are now being used against Muslims. Islamists prefer symbolic places for their attacks - the Champs Elysees, the British Embankment, the London Bridge. Nationalists also choose places with meaning. The gamer, who was going to kill Macron, planned to do it on the Champs Elysées, and Darren Osborne chose the Finsbury Park mosque - she became famous as the refuge of the most radical imams.
It seems that with regard to the right-wing radicals, the European special services make the same mistake as against Islamic terrorists. For a long time it seemed to them that they controlled the organizations of ultras, stuffing them with their agents. However, singletones in this situation are invulnerable - it is almost impossible to calculate them in advance.
Under the worst scenario, if the mutual bitterness continues to increase, the war of terrorist acts can develop into a civil war, the winners of which will not be.