The US is not that close, but poluzakryvayutsya - so experts assess program performance Secretary Rex Tillerson to US diplomats. The head of the State Department made it clear that the White House does not intend to sacrifice US interests for the sake of abstract promoting democracy and human rights. Claimed balancing course only started, but Tillerson outlined several directions, mentioning Russia.
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson explained the staff of his department, how the principle of Donald Trump's "America First» (America First) will be applied in foreign policy, according to The New York Times.
The first step is the head of the State Department explained the priorities of US foreign policy over the previous decades were "somewhat unbalanced." The United States is too focused on the development of economic activity outside and on trade with emerging economies. "For us, these relationships are important, and these alliances are really significant, but we need to bring back the balance", - said Tillerson, speaking to employees of the State Department.
"Rebalancing" means that the spread of American values now should not prevent economic treaties and US national security interests.
Rex Tillerson said: "If we are too hard to claim that others should share our values (which we have developed during our own long historical development"), then it really will create barriers to our ability to advance our interests. "
Secretary of State gave the signal: in "some relations with other countries," the United States will not make a strong emphasis on human rights concerns, concludes the New York Times.
"Rebalancing" meet resistance in U.S. themselves
New York Times notes that Tillerson theses already met with a negative reaction in Washington political circles. The newspaper cites the opinion of an unnamed "old officer," which criticized the Secretary of State to use the slogan "America first". This phrase has been used before isolationists, who tried to keep the United States from the entry into World War II, recalled the official.
"The fact that they still use America First, show that they know nothing about history. And worse, they do not care. It's insulting! "- resented an anonymous source.
The model proposed Tillerson, "completely robust, but it meets a high resistance within the United States; it takes a strict contradiction with the general concept of US foreign policy ", he said in an interview with the newspaper analyst VIEW-Americanist Nikita Kurkin. The expert explained - regardless of how this policy is understood from the outside, it is "very ideologized at least since the days of Jimmy Carter, but in reality - always."
But in the case of implementation, this will be a significant reversal of US foreign policy over the past 20 years, believes the honorary head of the Foreign and Defense Policy Council, Dean, Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs School of Economics Sergei Karaganov.
The break with the messianic becomes profitable
Washington's policy would be more rigid on some issues and more realistic on the other, said Karaganov VIEW newspaper.
The expert believes that the objective preconditions for the return of US foreign policy pragmatism in space have already been established. There is an understanding that the foreign policy "under the guise of promoting liberal values, democracy and human rights are too expensive in terms of the promotion of their real interests," notes Karaganov. Ex-president ExxonMobil Rex Tillerson just considered the epitome of pragmatism and the ability to count money.
Americans are ready to go on strengthening of economic nationalism, to encourage the return of investment and the discouragement of the export of capital from the country, experts say. "The US also lost interest in the major processes -" Trans-Pacific Partnership "," Transatlantic trade and investment partnership ", - Karaganov said. - They're not that close, but poluzakryvayutsya. US first need to strengthen their national economies, and then with new forces to enter a new market. "
This is what is happening before our eyes, "half-closing" nervously react in Europe. The most frank and before all - immediately after Trump's election - this concern was expressed by the heavyweight retirees. Trump "tears with the idea of the messianism of the nation, he is not sure about the course of the war with dictatorships for the sake of asserting human rights," former French Foreign Minister Hubert Vedrin wrote at the beginning of the year. Former German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer stated in an article published by Project Syndicate: "The Western order is based on the constant commitment of the Americans to promote the defense of their allies. This order can not exist without the key role of the United States, from which America Donald Trump might well refuse. "
Possible directions of the New Deal
"The foreign policy of the administration Trump" is now "largely a mystery to herself; no grand strategy, they do not "- said Nikita Kurkin. However, some areas of grand strategy at least sketchily were scheduled Tillerson in his speech to the employees of the State Department.
New York Times notes, inter alia, the Secretary of State has designated the US priorities in its relations with the countries of East Asia, with Russia, as well as with the countries of the Western Hemisphere and Africa, and it does not mention Europe.
The first thing Tillerson spoke about the crisis around North Korea's nuclear program. He said that the administration is ready to use Trump's so-called secondary sanctions against foreign companies that continue to do business with Pyongyang in violation of UN sanctions. pressure on the DPRK campaign is "roughly between the 5 and 6 hours on the dial," Tillerson stated.
The second thematic section concerned relations with China. Tillerson called the PRC a superpower and noted that the United States has "great opportunities" to build relations with Beijing for the coming decades. There is a great interest of Beijing in establishing these relations, the head of the State Department said, referring to subordinate diplomats. Tillerson announced the meeting he and US Secretary of Defense James Mattis will hold with their Chinese counterparts in June. The meeting should be a continuation of the dialogue that the economic unit of the Trump administration began with China: Treasury Secretary Stephen Mnuchin and Minister of Trade Wilbur Ross.
Since China began a hard bargaining, says Sergei Karaganov. It should be expected that in this case the manifest declared policy of the United States defend their interests in the economic, military and military-political sphere, he said.
The more pragmatic, according to Karaganov, will be the US relationship with the Arab world. Earlier, the Arab countries through their teeth were criticized by previous US presidents for flagrant violations of human rights, but now "it will largely go away," Karaganov believes. "It's definitely going to leave criticism for purely political reasons," the expert said. Karaganov recalled that the administration of Barack Obama helped fuel the "Arab spring", "which was the height of idiocy." Thus, the Americans will be able to "slow down the weakening of their positions in the Arab East, which went very fast," the expert said.
Relations with Russia - a statement of "freezing" and pragmatic cooperation
Tillerson could not mention one of the most complex areas of work of the State Department - the relationship with Russia.
Secretary of State recalled that he told Vladimiru Putinu during his visit to Moscow last month that US relations with Russia are at their lowest level since the Cold War (note that exactly the same state of Russian-American relations is evaluated and the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs). Putin "did not mind. He shrugged and nodded in agreement, "said State Department employees Tillerson.
On the one hand, according to paraphrase New York Times, this disappointing statement of the Secretary of State and limited references to Russian-American relations. On the other hand, on Tuesday Tillerson praised Putin had a telephone conversation and Trump as "very good conversation", referring to "a long discussion" of the situation in Syria and the fight against terrorism. Encouraging and confirm the State Department that at the next round of negotiations, Washington representative will be present in Astana.
In this case, it is expected that "in the US military-political sphere are using all sorts of tools, including economic ones, to put pressure on Russia, China, the rest of the country, or at least show their determination that they are already doing "summed up Sergei Karaganov.
How will this be true practically-oriented, hard to say approach, in turn, indicates Nikita Kurkin. "We should look at the first experiment, which they hold in this field, whether it is consistent, and only then draw conclusions", - said the expert.