During the turbulent ups and downs in the political arena of America emerged the shadow of Russia again. Recently, US President Advisor on National Security, Michael Flynn resigned. The reason for his departure began contacts with the Russian ambassador, but rather the fact that Flynn is not fully informed about their team Trump. People are often puzzled by "skillful" Russian diplomacy. As Friedrich Engels wrote, "foreign policy, of course, - a strong point of Russian tsarism." The role of Russian diplomats is far superior role of the army, because they used to be like a tidal expanded the borders of Russia, writes China Huanqiu Shibao.
So where is the "bull" of Russian diplomacy?
For more than a thousand-year history of the small principality subordinate to Eastern Europe, Russia has become a transcontinental world empire. The relationships and conflicts with other peoples and countries, Russia has accumulated rich diplomatic experience and has formed a special diplomatic tradition. To some extent, this diplomatic culture originated in that Russia, which it described by Engels in his article "The foreign policy of Russian tsarism": "is already strong enough to, if necessary, to overcome the king's tyranny," "has a steel shutter speed and steady should be the goal," " wins, and revels in victory; does not lose, and lose heart ", by any means, it has changed the Russian Empire to the current power."
Russian basically have a clear understanding of foreign policy. And a high-level diplomats and ordinary diplomats understand that diplomacy - it's not just a party in the banquet hall, bombastic promises at the negotiating table and convincing and reasoned arguments Representative MFA press service. They are well aware that diplomacy - is an instrument of the foreign policy goals of the state and the protection and expansion of the public interest. It is a constant uncompromising struggle of the mind and "sharp weapon" is military action. It is with this understanding, the Russian side emphasized that the task of diplomacy is not just writing articles and telegrams in the office, and the deep penetration into all affairs of the host country. This full ownership situation in the host country, the development of broad relations and work aimed at improving the image of Russia.
For Russian diplomacy lies a large and complex strategy. Her work is not only a weighing of all the pros and cons in a given moment, but all-encompassing and long-term planning. In modern history, Russia and Japan competed for hegemony in Northeast Asia. After being defeated in the Russo-Japanese War, the main goal of Russia's strategy in East Asia was to send a strong Japan is not "down south" and "up north." We can say that at 1905 1945, Russia rallied and introduces the rift between China and Japan, and even among the Western powers. By combining sophisticated techniques in the end Russia has sent Japanese aggression and expansion in China, Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Before the end of the Second World War the Soviet Union again took advantage of the Yalta agreement, sent troops into North-East Asia, and finally regained the territory lost by Russia as a result of the Russian-Japanese war.
Russian diplomacy has serious internal content and light appearance, and pragmatism - it is its center. To protect and promote national interests, Russia can maneuver quickly and is not afraid to change the position, knowing well that it is a necessary step. In such cases, Russia can begin to "dance with the wolves", that is, to enter into an alliance with former enemies. In the early 19 century Russia was faced with a choice: either to come to grips with France for hegemony in Europe, a war with England in the Balkans and the Middle East for the legacy of the Ottoman Empire. Having inherited the throne of Alexander I adhered to the course of the war with France and formed the third and fourth anti-French coalition. However, in July 1807 years after the defeat of the Russian army at the Battle of Friedland foreign policy was quickly changed, and the Russian Empire has signed with France Peace of Tilsit. From the anti-French coalition, Russia moved to an alliance with France. At that time, in a letter to my mother, Alexander I wrote: "The alliance with Napoleon - it is only a modified form of struggle against it. Russia needs this alliance to get the time for a break and to strengthen military skill and strength. "
Russian diplomacy never comes to a standstill and is not stubborn. She skillfully introduces enemy misleading and distracts him from the rear impact. In 1856, Russia was defeated in the Crimean War. After that, on a plan of the then Foreign Minister Gorchakov Russia "was held in the shadows" and avoided attacks in the east. She took advantage of the chaos in China caused by the Taiping Rebellion, and forced China to sign a series of unequal treaties, which figuratively may be called "fail in one place, to harvest in another." Over the last two years of worsening relations with the West due to the Ukrainian crisis, Russia has not only stuck in the Ukrainian issue, but also joined the war effort by sending troops to Syria and there unleashing a "second front." Russia has not only increased influence in the Middle East, but also to a certain extent beat America.
Engels also said: "The Russian diplomacy always gives all the power to avoid war, considers it the last resort ... Russia prefers to pursue their objectives through the contradictions of other strong powers, and those powers incites conflicts, benefiting from their hatred." This demonstrates another feature of Russian diplomacy: Russia can use contradictions and someone else the power to itself to strike. It sits out on the sidelines as an intermediary.
High consistency mechanisms for a diplomatic solutions in Russia identified the high efficiency of its diplomatic actions. Based on the political culture and historical traditions of Russia, at the highest level, the Government has a deep understanding of the international situation and takes an active part in important diplomatic actions. The absolute center of decision-making and diplomatic questions of Russia's national security in times of royal and imperial Russia was a king or emperor and his advisers during the Soviet era - the Politburo, and in modern Russia - the Security Council of the Russian Federation. So in 2014, the solution of the whole complex of actions by the introduction of troops in Crimea adopted a narrow range of 5-6 people, which were headed by President Putin.
Russian diplomacy has never been a case of one ministry, it involved unrelated diplomatic, informational, military, propaganda and other means. All this would be perfectly understandable if we recall Mikhail Fradkov, who began to work in the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations of the USSR, and then became a senior adviser to the Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Office and other international organizations in Geneva, the representative of Russia to the Organization "General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade" and then filled the post of Prime Minister and Head of the foreign intelligence Service.
Russian diplomacy skillfully and boldly uses people. It requires diplomatic officials perfect knowledge of the language, culture and traditions of the host country. In politics, it encourages bold action diplomat, to protect national interests and requires a lengthy report, regardless of business scale. On the other hand, the Russian advance carefully selects, searches and even prepares the cooperation facilities in the host country. This can be guessed from the work carried out by Russia at Trampe. It is possible that after the scandal with Flynn has not followed a sensation that can surprise the world.
Undoubtedly, Russian diplomacy has features, many of which should borrow. The foreign policy of any country emerging from the internal political situation, national character, traditional culture and geopolitical position of the country. On its formation is influenced by many factors, and Russian diplomacy is no exception. Russia has made obvious achievements in foreign policy, but also made a clear error. In the current international situation, Russia does not consider the other, and more importantly, its strong economic weakness does not match the scale of its diplomacy. This is a weak point in Russia, which may affect the efficiency of Russian diplomacy.