Refuse to use the dollar and thereby isolate the US called on the Iranian leader Ayatollah Khamenei at a meeting with Vladimir Putin in Tehran. Attempts by Washington to simultaneously isolate Russia and Iran, synchronously "including" new sanctions, lead to closer rapprochement of the two powers, which, to their advantage, Azerbaijan enjoys. What did the leaders of the three countries agree on in Tehran?
"We are able to reflect American sanctions and isolate America," Iran's spiritual leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said at a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Tehran. Isolate the US can be, abandoning the dollar and replacing it with national currencies in bilateral operations, explained the ayatollah.
Khamenei called the Russian leader a strong personality, and Russians - people who are optimal for "making decisions and working." "It is possible to cooperate with Russia in regard to large-scale actions that require determination and perseverance as a superpower, and it is possible to cooperate logically with it," the spiritual leader of the Islamic Republic concluded.
The results of Putin's meeting with Iranian President Hassan Roukhani and President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev who arrived in Tehran indicate that the idea of renouncing dollar dependence in a certain sense is already being implemented. Moscow, Tehran and Baku are considering the possibility of switching to settlements in national currencies. This was announced by Rouhani at the end of the Tehran summit.
The Iranian president also said: "We intend to create a green customs corridor between the three countries and comply with unified customs standards."
"We discussed important issues in the sphere of stability, combating crime, terrorism, but of course, economic problems are at the forefront," the Tass statement of Vladimir Putin quoted at a press conference following the Tehran summit.
Russian gas for Iran through Azerbaijani pipelines
Russia is ready to supply gas to the north of Iran through the pipeline system of Azerbaijan, Putin said. The Russian president stated that all three countries actively produce these hydrocarbons (according to OPEC, Russia - at 2-th place for gas production, Iran - at 3-m, Azerbaijan - at 34-m). At the same time, "strangely enough, there is an interest in deliveries of this raw material to each other, having in mind internal logistics," Putin said. "It is well known that Russia, Iran and Azerbaijan are major producers of hydrocarbons, but this does not mean that we have to compete. This means that we must coordinate our efforts, "he added.
This kind of cooperation, we note, is especially important, given the obstacles that arise for Azerbaijani gas projects in Europe. In the summer of this year, a group of influential international NGOs (including Greenpeace, the Bankwatch Network, Friends of the Earth Europe and Climate Action Network Europe) sent an appeal to the European Commission to abandon the construction of the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP), through which gas from the Azerbaijani Shah Deniz field "Is planned to be supplied to the EU countries.
External factors "force" to mutually beneficial cooperation and Russia and Iran, which are under comparable pressure from the West. Note that 31 October, the United States imposed new sanctions against Iran, under which the largest energy companies of the country fell. At the same time, the US Treasury approved new bans for US firms to cooperate with Russia, including in the energy sector (shale gas projects, oil production in the Arctic).
"The agreement reached by Aliyev, Roukhani and Putin is a direct road to the Persian Gulf. This is a very beneficial agreement for Russia and not less profitable for Iran and Azerbaijan, "the political scientist-Iranian expert, vice-president of the Federation of Migrants of Russia (representative of Azerbaijan) Mais Kurbanov said in a comment to the newspaper VZGLYAD. The rapprochement between the two powers, Russia and Iran, which in aggregate have up to 50% of the world's hydrocarbon reserves, is important both economically and geopolitically, the interlocutor points out.
A new branch of the route "North-South"
Vladimir Putin mentioned another important Eurasian project - the international corridor "North-South", calling it "one of the shortest and potentially commercially profitable transport routes from South Asia to Europe."
We will explain: the interstate agreement of Russia, Iran and India on container export-import transportations was signed back in 2000. To date, North-South has been recognized as a more profitable route, compared to traditional sea transportation through the Suez Canal (at least because the distance is less than twice). Now President Putin supported Tehran's plans to build the missing section of the West Caspian route - a branch between the Iranian port of Rasht in the Caspian and the old border of Iran and Azerbaijan.
Such a transport corridor "will be very effective for our country, as a lot of logistics will be introduced through the Russian Federation," said Semyon Bagdasarov, director of the Middle East and Central Asia Study Center in a comment to the newspaper VZGLYAD. "Given the markets of Iran, Pakistan and the whole of the Persian Gulf countries, this is a major breakthrough. In addition, we must not forget that the Iranians are planning to build a railroad to the Mediterranean Sea through the territories of Iraq and Syria, which meets resistance from Israel and the US, and we can also take part in this, "the expert said.
"Pressure" for Syria
The Syrian issue could not but become one of the key moments during Putin's meetings with Ayatollah Khamenei and Hasan Roukhani. "Thanks to our joint efforts, as well as the efforts of Turkey, the situation on the territory itself (Syria) in the fight against terrorism is very positive, and the negotiation process in Astana, the next round of which has just ended, ended positively," the Russian president said. .
The position of Iran was expressed by Ayatollah Khamenei at a meeting with Putin:
"The defeat of the American coalition supporting terrorists in Syria is a fact that can not be denied,
but the US "is engaged in planning and preparing conspiracies, so the settlement of the crisis in Syria needs to continue close cooperation."
"The Iranians have now won a tangible victory in Iraq, preventing the Americans from creating an independent Kurdistan. Now they want to win in Syria, "notes Semyon Bagdasarov. "This Iranian pressure, this imperial feeling for Iran is commendable, but what will it mean for us?"
According to the interlocutor, active adherence to this "pressure" is fraught with the involvement in the confrontation with the US and Israel. And this is in a situation where a victory in Syria has not yet been won, Bagdasarov notes. "The struggle in Syria between different groups and international players will continue for a long time," Bagdasarov said.
Shamil Sultanov, president of the Center for Strategic Studies "Russia-Islamic World", is changing the rules of the game in the region of the Middle East. The role of regional players is growing, in particular, we can talk about the formation of the triangle Turkey-Iran-Qatar, the expert said, speaking at the recent conference "The Moscow-Baku axis: to the new geopolitics of the Caucasus" organized by the Izborsk club. The change in the geopolitical situation is fraught with consequences that so far do not represent "either in Moscow, in Brussels, or in Washington," Sultanov believes.
In these conditions, according to the political scientist, the importance of Azerbaijan is growing. There is a "unique model of a secular state that holds back the influence of religious extremism" - as an actual threat in the Middle East and a potential danger for Central Asia. In turn, Azerbaijan hopes for the role that the triangle Russia - Iran - Turkey can play in the Karabakh issue, Sultanov believes. The negotiating format existing since 1992 - the OSCE Minsk Group - has not been working for a long time, the expert is sure. In any case, according to observers, the format of the "triangle" of Moscow, Baku and Tehran promises to be effective.
It is significant that the next summit of the leaders of Iran, Russia and Azerbaijan will be held in 2018 in Moscow, Iranian President Hasan Rouhani said at the final press conference. "Vladimir Putin proposed holding the next summit in Russia, and we agreed," the Iranian leader summed up.