European countries painted powerless to prevent the construction of a key gas pipeline "Nord Stream - 2». Denmark suddenly discovered that and would like to insert a Russian project spoke in the wheel, but it interferes with their own legislation. However, the most difficult obstacles to "SP - 2», it seems, is still ahead.
Denmark wants to change the law, so that in case of bad political situation, reserve the right to prohibit the construction of the gas pipeline "Nord Stream - 2». This was announced by Energy Minister Lars Christian Lilleholt, reports Reuters.
Denmark in March received an application from Gazprom to approve the construction of a pipe in the territorial waters of the country, and soon the government should begin its consideration. Earlier, Denmark and Sweden jointly appealed to the European Commission on the legal assessment of the project. In late March, they received a response from the EC, which recognized that it had no legal grounds to obstruct the construction of the "North Stream - 2", although politically they do not like this project. According to Lillehalt, Denmark received a request from the EU to provide a mandate for negotiations with Russia.
At present, this kind of project can be legally stopped only for environmental reasons. In April, the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation transmitted to the eight countries concerned the environmental impact assessment (EIA) of the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline. And the position of Denmark confirms that they have no ecological grounds for laying pipes - as was not the case with the approval of the construction of the Nord Stream - 1 several years ago. That is why the Danish government is thinking about changing the legislation in order to create a legal opportunity for a project ban purely for political reasons.
"The appeal is solely a political issue. Something in this spirit that was going to happen anyway. Communication is as follows: Russia - a bad country, and Gazprom - a state company, so it is necessary to stop the project, under the pretext of national security of Denmark possible threat. But legally it had no reason, "- said General Director of the National Energy Security Fund Konstantin Simonov.
However, the expert is sure that any attempt to present this as a threat to the Danish pipe national security is unlikely to be successful. "How can it be related to the country's security? Of course, in the context of the current situation in Syria, do not rule out some kind of hysteria on this subject. But to talk about this can be on the level of emotion in the Parliament but not at the level of major legal decisions ", - repeats Simonov.
The Swedish parliament under the influence of the United States representatives of several political parties in all seriousness, too, argued that the equipment for laying pipes can be used for the landing of the Russian assault. Eventually, however, Sweden is still approved the use of one of its ports by Nord Stream 2 AG, which is engaged in laying the pipe.
"And Denmark will welcome, because it can not bypass the main argument: she previously gave permission for the construction of the first two lines of" Nord Stream ", which is successfully operating. Also this month, is due to start the procedure of approval application for the construction of the pipe. And if now they will change the law - this is a very ugly story from the point of view of Europe "- said Simonov.
However, this does not mean that "Nord Stream - 2" is waiting for a peaceful future. The marine part of the project is not subject to EU legislation, and therefore, does not fall under the action of the third energy package. But Gazprom needs to transfer gas further through Germany, where European energy rules are beginning to operate. In particular, Gazprom can not both be the owner of the pipe, and the owner of the gas being pumped. Just for this reason, there were problems with the OPAL gas pipeline - the continuation of the "Nord Stream - 1" in the European territory. Due to a lawsuit in Poland, the European Court temporarily blocked Gazprom full access to OPAL's facilities.
"Initially, it was clear that Denmark - the weakest link of the four countries - participants in the offshore segment. Pressure on Denmark comes from the US and the EU. Brussels proxy tries to insert a stick in the wheel of the Russian project. The plan is this: keep Gazprom in suspense, that he spent all his energy on the marine part of the pipeline, works hard, and then relaxed. At this point, with a new force to strike, but about laying a land portion of the pipe, where there is a lot more opportunities to create obstacles ", - Simonov believes.
In other words, Gazprom is likely to receive a permit for the pipe laying through the territorial waters of Denmark, but this is not his problem will end. Simon predicts that "the legal attempts to block Russian gas on land yet to be."