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Cyprus can resume the dialogue between the Greek and Turkish communities

Cyprus can resume the dialogue between the Greek and Turkish communities

02.09.2015
Tags: Cyprus, Turkey, the Cyprus issue, Politics, Anastasiadis, Resources

Cyprus may resume the stalled peace talks between the Greek and Turkish communities of the island, according to Reuters. «Important consultations are underway related to the development of the final joint statement," - said Stilianidis Christ, the representative of the Republic of Cyprus.

According to him, the President of Cyprus Nikos Anastasiadis this week will hold a briefing for political parties and consultations with the Government of Greece.

Greek Cypriots insist on a joint statement to outline the basic principles of any peace agreement, hoping to avoid the mistakes of the past that haunted the negotiations.

The conflict has attracted more attention since the discovery of large deposits of natural gas in the eastern Mediterranean.

Turkey is trying to capture the field, but Cyprus claims that they are in its territorial waters.

In November 2013, Prime Minister Erdogan at a conference in Poland, said that "there is a state which is called Cyprus. There is a local administration of Southern Cyprus. Because there is a North Cyprus and between the green line", - he said. According to him, the Greek Cypriot administration was adopted in the European Union for political reasons and not because comply with European norms.

The Cyprus conflict is a territorial conflict between the Greek Cypriots and the Turkish Cypriots towards the island of Cyprus. In 1960, Cyprus gained independence from Great Britain. However, the former imperial center left behind two military bases, located near the cities of Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The new Constitution proclaimed the existence of two communities: Greek (80% of the population of the island) and Turkish (18%). Inequality of the ethnic quotas prescribed in the main document of the state immediately aroused dissatisfaction of the Turkish community. Even at the level of public administration, the communities refused to implement decisions that were taken by the opposite side.

15 July 1974 year on the island there was a military coup in which the terrorist organization of Greek Cypriots EOCA-V overthrew Archbishop Makarios III, President of Cyprus. The Turkish authorities, seeing this as a danger to their interests in Cyprus, landed a 30,000-strong military corps, which occupied about 35% of the island's territory. While Cyprus was a British colony, the Turkish authorities were not interested in either the island or its Turkish community. The ruling circles of Turkey used the problem of the Turkish minority in Cyprus as a political lightning rod from the complex internal problems of the country. However, due to the reaction of the international community, Cyprus regulation has become the most acute foreign policy problem of Turkey.

By 1975, Cyprus was divided into the southern Greek part and the northern one - the Turkish one. In 1983, the northern Turkish community self-proclaimed itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, this act was convicted in the UN Security Council Resolution and recognized as legally invalid, and until now the newly-formed state was recognized only by Turkey. At the beginning of the 21st century, at the initiative of the United Nations, an attempt was made to finally resolve the Cyprus problem. 24 April 2004 held a referendum in which 75% of the Greeks spoke out against the so-called Annan Plan, which prepared British diplomacy, believing that it "legitimizes the results of Turkish aggression and perpetuates the Turkish occupation." 65% of the Turkish community supported this plan. In the same 2004 year, Cyprus became a member of the European Union, but de facto it was joined only by the southern Greek part of the island. In 2005, the European Commission, in the course of negotiations on Turkey's accession to the European Union, demanded the last recognition of the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus.

In 2011 year there was a dispute between Cyprus and Turkey over plans by the Republic of Cyprus to develop the newly discovered deposits of hydrocarbons in its exclusive economic zone. However, Turkey was trying to prevent the development, recognizing only the self-declared Republic of Northern Cyprus and threatening a military solution to the Cyprus problem konflikta.Segodnya involving Turkey, Greece, United Kingdom, United States, United Nations and, more recently, the European Union.

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