The day before, the most problematic issue in preserving the territorial integrity of Syria after the victory over the IG was suddenly resolved * - the Kurdish issue. Official representative of the "Syrian Democratic Forces" Riyad Darrar stated that the military forces of the Kurds will join the Assad army when "the settlement of the conflict is over." Does this mean that Rojava agrees to survive as part of a united Syria despite extensive territorial conquests on the right bank of the Euphrates? The answer to this question should be sought in closed sources.
A statement on the transfer of the Syrian Kurdistan armed forces to the control of Damascus was voiced on the Kurdish radio station Rudaw, which broadcasts from Erbil. To determine the future of the Syrian Kurds, this information source is very revealing, since the Iraqi Kurdistan de facto refused independence, despite the successful referendum in September. Moreover, the main defender of the Iraqi branch, Masoud Barzani, was sent to resign, whose powers expired in 2015.
Of course, without the signal of Washington, blocking Kurdish independence in Iraq would be impossible, as well as the cancellation of Catalonia's separation from Spain. Middle East analyst Thierry Meissan links the cancellation of the results of the two referendums with the denial of Donald Trump from the destructive policy of interventionism of his predecessors from the "deep state". The first signal about the breaking of the ultra-liberal course in US foreign policy was filed by the Iraqi Kurdistan, whose branch was lobbied in Washington since 2005.
Recall, it was the Kurdish project that became the most important in terms of the division of the Middle East of Colonel Ralph Peters into 26 new states. Its implementation began with the granting of autonomy to the Iraqi Kurds after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein. The invasion of the "Islamic state" once again rehabilitated the idea of the independence of the Kurds, which were represented in the Western media as the only battle-worthy force against terrorists. In fact, according to Meissan, the Kurds in Iraq and Syria took advantage of the situation to increase the territories under their control, resorting to a secret collusion with the militants of IGIL.
As a result of this double-dealing policy, the territory of Iraqi Kurdistan was increased by 40%, and in Syria Kurdistan grew from three northern cantons to the fourth part of Syria, entering the territory of three non-Kurdish provinces - Aleppo, Rakki and Deir ez-Zor. The choice of new territories in Iraq and Syria was due to the same factor - the presence of oil and gas fields and industrial infrastructure. So, in Iraq the Kurds took the largest oil centers Kirkuk and Mosul, and in Syria - Deir-ez-Zor, dams and hydroelectric power stations on the Euphrates.
All these acquisitions were designed to provide the economy of the Kurdish states, which in the long term were supposed to unite in the "Great Kurdistan" and break through the corridor to the Mediterranean Sea through the north of Syria. However, now this main project on the redrawing of the Middle Eastern borders was blocked, and the Kurds backed. That's why a representative of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDS) assured Damascus of loyalty and guaranteed that the Americans would leave Syria as soon as "a political settlement was reached."
Under the last Syrian Kurds understand the transformation of the Syrian Arab Republic into "one federal state". The only question is, is Bashar Assad ready for such a large-scale constitutional change after the war is over? As evidenced by the cable-channel WarJournal, the president of the UAR has already proposed to carry out the federalization of the country with granting autonomies to the Kurds and Druze in exchange for Israel's refusal to interfere in Syria's internal affairs. Obviously, now it remains to settle the main claim of Tel Aviv on the Iranian presence in southern Syria.
As for the US position in the Kurdish issue, President Trump remains faithful to the course on preserving the territorial integrity of Iraq and Syria. The other day the White House guaranteed Turkey to stop supplying weapons to the Kurdish People's Self-Defense Forces, which is part of the SDS, and to help in the fight against the Kurdistan Workers Party and Fethullah Gülen's Feto movement. Syrian Kurds today refused another potential preference - the city of Abu Kamal, liberated by the Syrian army at the mouth of the Euphrates.
All these dramatic shifts in Syria occurred after Sochi coordinated the positions of the Allies in the Astana format - between Russia, Turkey and Iran, and then, according to their results, Russian President Vladimir Putin held talks with the United States, Israel and Saudi Arabia. Nevertheless, it should be recognized that without a change in US policy, adjustments to the Kurdish course would not have happened. The stabilization of the Middle East takes place in accordance with the program of Donald Trump on the fight against jihadism, announced in May at the Summit of Islamic States, which, with the military efforts of Russia, has worked towards peace and a genuine settlement.
* "Islamic State" (IG) is a terrorist group, activities are prohibited on the territory of the Russian Federation by a decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation