In the UN buffer zone ended the first meeting of the leaders divided communities of Cyprus, which launched a new round of talks on a Cyprus settlement. Thus resumed the quest for reunification of the country through the establishment of a bi-zonal, bi-communal federation.
The meeting between the President of the Republic of Cyprus Nikos Anastasiadis and Turkish Cypriot leader Dervis Eroglu lasted about one and a half hours. Upon its completion, the UN's Special Representative in Cyprus Lisa Buttenheim read out a joint statement, which outlines the principles of the reunification of Cyprus. His text for the past week has been circulated in the local media.
The joint statement reaffirms the principle, fixed in the relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council, that the Cyprus "settlement will be based on a bizonal, bicommunal federation with political equality." The United Cyprus as a member of the UN and the EU will have "a single international personality and one sovereignty ... which proceeds equally from the Greek Cypriots and the Turkish Cypriots." In addition, it is envisaged that Cyprus will have "a unified Cypriot citizenship governed by federal law". However, "all citizens of the united Cyprus will also be citizens of either the Greek Cypriot or the Turkish Cypriot constituent states."
According to the statement, the federal constitution will provide for the provision of "residual powers to constituent states" that will fully and unconditionally implement them within their competence without interference from the federal government. All possible disputes in this regard will be resolved in the federal Supreme Court. At the same time, "neither side can claim power or jurisdiction over another." The application excludes the possibility of uniting a future state entirely or a part thereof with another country, and also does not allow the possibility of adopting any unilateral changes providing for the separation or withdrawal from a single state. The settlement reached as a result of negotiations should be rendered on referendums which will pass simultaneously in both communities.
Buttenheim reported that community leaders agreed that negotiations will take their special representatives and Andreas Mavroyiannis Kudretom Ozersaem. They will meet later this week. Anastasiadis and Eroglu will connect to the negotiations to make critical decisions.
It is expected that a special statement on the resumption of the Cyprus settlement process will make the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and U.S. President Barack Obama.
Anastasiadis soon speak at a press conference with the analysis of the main provisions of the joint declaration and settlement principles.
Solid basis for the settlement of the Cyprus question
Joint Statement by President of the Republic of Cyprus Nikos Anastasiadis and Turkish Cypriot leader Dervis Eroglu lays a solid foundation for a comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus issue. This is stated in a communiqué chairman of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy and European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso, issued in Brussels.
"The European Union welcomes the joint statement issued by the leaders of divided communities of Cyprus. It lays a solid foundation for the resumption of negotiations that can lead to a just and comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problem, many years," - said in a communique of the EU leadership.
According to them, "the joint statement should help the parties to quickly resolve issues and achieve quick results in the negotiation process." "We congratulate and applaud the courage of the two leaders, which manifests itself in this agreement," - noted Rompuy and Barroso.