At the shipyard in the vicinity of St. Petersburg, the second new small missile ship of the 22800 project "Typhoon" was launched. Total planned to build 18 of similar ships. They will be equipped with the latest navigation and armament systems, including the Caliber-NK and Onyx missile systems. Why did Russia need its own "mosquito fleet" and what military concept can be implemented with the help of these boats?
On Friday, the newest small missile ship (RTM) Typhoon of the 22800 project (the Karakurt project) was launched in the Pelah private shipyard for the Navy. The ship was designed by TsMKB "Almaz" and is intended for work in the near sea zone. With a displacement of 800 tons, it accelerates to 30 knots and reaches a cruising range of 2,5 thousand miles. Autonomy of the ship is 15 days.
In the summer of the same plant was launched the head ship of the project "Karakurt" under the name "Hurricane". Now he is on the water at the outfitting embankment of the plant. Both ships were laid 24 December 2015 year.
Vice-Admiral Viktor Bursuk, deputy commander-in-chief of the Navy, took part in the ceremony of descent of the Typhoon. According to him, the Navy expects to receive a series of 18 small missile ships of the 22800 project. As previously reported by Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov, the Pella plant must build seven such ships, five were contracted with the Zelenodolsk shipyard.
The ship will receive the latest systems of control, communications, navigation and electronic warfare. To protect from the air anti-aircraft artillery installations AK-630M are designed. Beginning with the third model, they will begin installing universal "Pantsir-M" complexes (the "Pantsir-X1" marine version) capable of simultaneously firing at four targets.
As RIA Novosti notes, from artillery armament will use twin-barreled six-barreled gun GSH-6-30 with a total rate of fire more than 10 thousand shots per minute. In addition, the complex will be able to fire at air targets with anti-aircraft missiles 57E6E at distances up to 20 kilometers. They can also destroy anti-ship weapons.
Each "Karakurt" carries eight sets of vertical launch ZS14 for anti-ship missiles P-800 "Onyx" and universal Caliber-NK. Thus, the marine zone of potential damage is created within a radius of 500 kilometers from the RTOs. And land goal "Karakurt" will reach at distances up to 2500 kilometers. After the shooting, the ship can quickly leave the launch area. Thus, they can be used in the tactics of "hit and run".
The ship's hull is made using visibility-reducing technologies, which at small dimensions (65 meters in length and 10 in width) turns MRK into extremely difficult targets even for the most advanced anti-ship missiles.
The editor-in-chief of the National Defense magazine, Igor Korotchenko, in a conversation with the newspaper VZGLYAD stressed that the meaning of small missile ships in their ability to create a powerful military capability in a short time.
"The ship is capable of delivering strikes, including cruise missiles, on which a nuclear warhead can be installed. For a quick parry of threats, we can use them in such theaters of military operations as the Baltic and Black Seas, "Korotchenko said.
He added that with the help of such ships, the concept of non-nuclear strategic deterrence could be implemented. "Due to" Calibers "and" Onyxes ", Russia creates a situation when we parry the threats in a relatively low-cost, but very effective way. The newest projects from the series of small missile ships are a kind of Russian know-how that makes you feel confident even in conditions when NATO has much more naval potential, "Igor Korotchenko is sure.
It is expected that "Hurricane" and "Typhoon" will join the Baltic Fleet in the new year. In the various stages of construction there are six more RTOs - Storm, Shkval, Storm, Okhotsk, Monsoon and Passat. The remaining ten ships are planned to be bookmarked.