The surprising effect of the Turkish referendum for Europe.
Last Sunday, the Turkish diaspora in Europe plunged the European political community into shock. She voted for the draft amendment to the Turkish Constitution, which, according to Europeans, leads to the usurpation of power and the flowering of authoritarianism. For example, in Germany, the voters who came to the urns in the 12 Turkish consulates gave 63,2% of their votes to President Erdogan, which is much more than in Turkey itself. On the placards of the German Turks there was a slogan "We are again WHO". The same picture was observed in other European capitals. In the Netherlands, for changes in the constitution voted 71% of the referendum participants.
It turned out that the submission benevolent Europeans that they have taught the Turks to appreciate democracy, was just an illusion. Moreover, the Turks feel in Europe, NOBODY, and Erdogan's nationalist rhetoric falls on fertile ground. And the growth of its influence in the world of European Turks are linked with the hope to become someone.
Of course, such an outcome of the vote for the European politicians should not have come as a surprise. Three generations of Turks, naturalized in Europe, are still living in enclaves. Their representation in the socio-political organizations disproportionately less than their number.
In the debate that has arisen in the European press, it is noted that in other countries, for example, in the US and the monarchies of the Persian Gulf, the Turks voted quite differently - against the Erdogan project. In Chicago against voted 90%. Approximately the same vote in Los Angeles, Miami, Boston, etc. In the UAE against the reform of the Turkish constitution were 80%, in Bahrain - 86% of the participants. The reason for this gap in the mood of the Turkish diaspora is explained by the fact that European Turks originate mainly from Anatolia and arrived with the first waves of migrant workers, while in the USA and the Persian Gulf countries there are mostly educated Turks from the old elite, well integrated into the local society and often occupying leadership positions.
Perhaps so, but, for example, in the German media completely bypasses the question of a party that in Europe, particularly in Germany, there are political parties with strong nationalist slant, officially expressing a negative attitude toward the immigration policy of the authorities and causing division of society on the "local" and "newcomers". Just in recent days, "Alternative for Germany" (ADH) raised the topic of espionage Turkish imams in Germany and use it in their work with voters.
For believers, the charges against the Turkish Association of Turkish imams in Germany (DITIB) in that it is the residency of Turkish intelligence, has become a serious insult, and pointing out that "they are strangers." At the same time, German Turks, as the media recognize transformed into a political reserve Erdogan.
European politicians unanimously declare that the referendum pushed aside the prospects of Turkey's accession to the EU for an unlimited future. Many believe that this should be completely forgotten, since the time of dictatorship is approaching in Turkey. Chancellor Angela Merkel and Foreign Minister Zigmar Gabriel do not express this prospect directly, but the statement of the federal government says: "The government of Germany accepts the results of the referendum." In the language of diplomats, this can mean only a reserved disapproval of what happened. Further, Merkel and Gabriel point to the serious doubts of the Council of Europe regarding the course of the referendum and the content of the reform itself. Berlin also points out to Ankara that, as a member of the OSCE, the Council of Europe and a candidate for EU membership, Turkey must dispel these doubts. The German interior minister, Thomas de Mezier, is even more categorical: "Now we need to quickly find out whether the voting has passed cleanly and honestly, if at all we can talk about the possibility of fulfilling such conditions in today's Turkey."
The left and green in the face of Sahra Wagenknecht and Cem Özdemir already required to draw conclusions about military cooperation with Turkey to withdraw the German Air Force Base Incirlik, and Turkey to stop supplying weapons to NATO.
Brussels still silent, but everyone is waiting for crossing the "red line" Turkey - Erdogan promised the introduction of the death penalty. If such a law is passed, the negotiations on Turkey's accession to the EU will cease. Although the President of the European People's Party in the European Parliament, Manfred Weber insists on the termination of negotiations today.
At the same time the debate about German Turks takes on a new twist.
Thomas de Mezier appealed to the Turkish citizens through the newspaper Rheinische Post: "I expect that the German Turks will take a constructive part in the discussion about our joint future." The disengagement of our cultural circles should not continue. " It means that the third generation of German Turks feel strangled and even sacrificed to the German society. The surveys of young German Turks show that they identify with Germany less than their parents. At the same time, they have already taken deep roots in Germany and do not think about returning to Turkey, although they feel themselves to be inferior citizens and are quick to respond to Erdogan's calls calling them "brothers and sisters."
Non-partisan MP Hesse Landtag Myurvet Ozturk (Mürvet Öztürk) says, "Redzhep Erdogan won the German Turks that gave them the opportunity to scurry feel someone. And he can rely on his supporters in Germany. "
Understanding this, the co-chairman of the Green Germany party Jem Ozdemir calls on the German Turks to recognize Germany as their new homeland. "The results of the referendum," says Ozdemir, "showed that in the field of integration we still have a long way to go. Among the German Turks, there are many who believe that they have the right to stand on the German constitution on tiptoe instead of a full foot. " Ozdemir urged the German government to draw conclusions from the mistakes of the previous years with regard to the Turkish diaspora, but heard an answer in the style of a Prussian corporal. The expert of the CDU faction in the Bundestag Stefan Mayer stated that during the next legislature it is necessary to liquidate all the benefits for obtaining German citizenship of Turkish citizenship and Turkish passport. And those Turks who have German citizenship, but do not live in Germany, deny German citizenship. To, so to speak, their integration into German society and the introduction of unanimity were parallel.
The same opinion is shared by many German politicians.
Референдум в Турции имел для Европы неожиданный эффект: он открыл глаза на то, что турецкая диаспора численностью почти в 6 миллионов человек испытывает в этом благополучном обществе чувство отчуждения.
Judging by the reaction of European political circles, none of the circumstances of the serious findings do not gather. So, Erdogan will be significant political reserve in this part of the world.