The surprising effect of the Turkish referendum for Europe.
On Sunday, the Turkish diaspora in Europe has plunged the European political community in shock. It voted in favor of changing the Constitution of Turkey, which, in the opinion of Europeans, leads to usurpation of power and flourishing of authoritarianism. For example, in Germany, who came to the polls in 12 Turkish consulates voters gave President Erdogan 63,2% of their votes, far more than Turkey itself. The posters of the German Turks wearing the slogan "We are again Who?". The same pattern was observed in other European capitals. In the Netherlands, the change voted 71% voters in the constitution.
It turned out that the submission benevolent Europeans that they have taught the Turks to appreciate democracy, was just an illusion. Moreover, the Turks feel in Europe, NOBODY, and Erdogan's nationalist rhetoric falls on fertile ground. And the growth of its influence in the world of European Turks are linked with the hope to become someone.
Of course, such an outcome of the vote for the European politicians should not have come as a surprise. Three generations of Turks, naturalized in Europe, are still living in enclaves. Their representation in the socio-political organizations disproportionately less than their number.
In the heated debate in the European press notes that in other countries such as the United States and the Gulf monarchies, the Turks voted in a completely different way - against Erdogan's project. In Chicago, voted against 90%. Roughly the same vote in Los Angeles, Miami, Boston, etc. In the UAE against the Turkish constitution reforms 80%, Bahrain - 86% of participants. The reason for this gap in the attitudes of the Turkish Diaspora are trying to explain the fact that the European Turks originate mainly from Anatolia and arrived with the first wave of migrant workers, and in the United States and the Gulf countries live mainly formed by the Turks of the old elite, well-integrated into the local community, often in management positions.
Perhaps so, but, for example, in the German media completely bypasses the question of a party that in Europe, particularly in Germany, there are political parties with strong nationalist slant, officially expressing a negative attitude toward the immigration policy of the authorities and causing division of society on the "local" and "newcomers". Just in recent days, "Alternative for Germany" (ADH) raised the topic of espionage Turkish imams in Germany and use it in their work with voters.
For believers, the charges against the Turkish Association of Turkish imams in Germany (DITIB) in that it is the residency of Turkish intelligence, has become a serious insult, and pointing out that "they are strangers." At the same time, German Turks, as the media recognize transformed into a political reserve Erdogan.
European politicians in one voice declare that the referendum pushed the prospects of Turkey's accession to the EU on a boundless future. Many believe that it is necessary to forget about it, because in Turkey are approaching the time of the dictatorship. Chancellor Angela Merkel and Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel did not directly refer to such a prospect, but in a statement the federal government said: "The Federal Government takes the results of the referendum note." In the language of diplomats, it can mean only restrained disapproval of what happened. Next Merkel and Gabriel indicate serious doubts about the Council of Europe on the progress of the referendum and the content of the reform itself. Berlin also points to Ankara, that being a member of the OSCE, the Council of Europe and a candidate for EU membership, Turkey should dispel these doubts. German Interior Minister Thomas de Maizière is even more categorical: "Now we need to quickly find out if a vote was held purely and honestly, if we can talk about being able to perform in today's Turkey such conditions."
The left and green in the face of Sahra Wagenknecht and Cem Özdemir already required to draw conclusions about military cooperation with Turkey to withdraw the German Air Force Base Incirlik, and Turkey to stop supplying weapons to NATO.
Brussels still silent, but everyone is waiting for crossing the "red line" Turkey - Erdogan promised the introduction of the death penalty. If such a law is passed, the negotiations on Turkey's accession to the EU will cease. Although the President of the European People's Party in the European Parliament, Manfred Weber insists on the termination of negotiations today.
At the same time the debate about German Turks takes on a new twist.
Thomas de Maiziere spoke to Turkish fellow citizens with an appeal through the newspaper Rheinische Post: «I expect that just the German Turks will take a constructive part in the discussion about our future together." The disengagement of our cultural circles should not continue. " It is understood that the third generation German Turks feels uschemlonnym and even sacrificed German society. Polls young German Turks show that they identify themselves with Germany as much as their parents. However, they are already deeply taken root in Germany and do not think about returning to Turkey, but feel inferior citizens and quick to respond to calls Erdogan to call them "brothers and sisters".
Non-partisan MP Hesse Landtag Myurvet Ozturk (Mürvet Öztürk) says, "Redzhep Erdogan won the German Turks that gave them the opportunity to scurry feel someone. And he can rely on his supporters in Germany. "
Realizing this, the co-chairman of the German Green Party Cem Özdemir calls for German Turks to admit Germany its new homeland. "Referendum Results - Özdemir says - have shown that in the field of integration, we still have a very long way. Among the German Turks there are many who believe that they have the right to stand on tiptoe to the German constitution, not full foot. " Özdemir called on the German government to draw conclusions from the mistakes of the previous years with regard to the Turkish diaspora, but heard the answer in the style of a Prussian corporal. CDU faction in the Bundestag expert Stefan Mayer said that during the next legislature is necessary to eliminate all incentives for German citizenship Turks of Turkey and Turkish passports. And those Turks who have German citizenship, but do not live in Germany, depriving German citizenship. , So to speak, their integration into German society and the introduction of unanimity were parallel.
The same opinion is shared by many German politicians.
The referendum in Turkey had an unexpected effect for Europe: he opened his eyes to the fact that the Turkish diaspora of nearly 6 million people experienced in this prosperous society, a sense of alienation.
Judging by the reaction of European political circles, none of the circumstances of the serious findings do not gather. So, Erdogan will be significant political reserve in this part of the world.