In Syria, there have been signs of preparation for a major offensive on a completely new for such action front. This extremely ambitious task includes, in particular, to unlock the strategic route Damascus - Baghdad. This operation was made possible thanks to a series of reforms and stratagems, conducted over the past six months.
Large columns of military equipment by government forces arrive in the province Suwayda and East Kalamun. At the same time, Syrian troops for three days leading promotion with fights in Badia district, which is controlled by jihadists.
Reinforcements of the government army, the national defense forces and the Iraqi militias are going to the front, so that after the creation of striking force to take control of the border with Jordan and Iraq, which are in 100 km from the newly captured at a roadblock Zaza route Damascus - Baghdad.
International road Damascus - Baghdad was under the control of LIH * 2015 in early summer, when the depleted government forces left large areas of Homs and Hama provinces. About this time the government fell last stronghold in the border area - the city of Jisr al-Shugur. Before the border check point under the control of Damascus, and Islamist militants retains Iraqi territory near the town of Badia, cutting a strategically important transport artery linking the capital of Syria and Iraq.
Currently, the US-backed "special forces of the opposition" and the group "Jaish al-Ashair" control most of the region between Bir Kassab Suwaidi in the east and the border of the province of Deir Ezzor, including a strategic border crossing. Command of the government army tasked to open this fundamentally significant highway.
If it is opened, it will not only allow to resume full military cooperation between the armed forces of the SAR and Iraq, but also to restore a convenient land route to Iran from Damascus receives a significant part of military and financial support. It is this support has enabled Syria endure six years of brutal war and the losses in terms of total economic and political isolation, including draconian penalties in relation to each sector of the economy.
Meanwhile, a number of sources indicates a particular interest in Iran early holding operation in Sweida. Conspiracy theories is that Tehran wants to build a pipeline through the Deir ez-Zor and Damascus Suwaidi and further to the ports of the Mediterranean, burying the old - the north - the route that went first through Kurdistan, and then along the Turkish border. C to ensure control of the operation in the south of Damascus allegedly even the Iranian generals to command the area.
All this kind of conspiracy of building suffered multiple birth trauma. First of all, nobody - not even the ayatollahs who argue criteria eternity - can not say right now, when the civil war and pacification will come to such a stage that it will be possible to lay pipes.
Secondly, peace and war in principle have never been - and do not revolve now - around pipes, wires and other pseudo-economic constructions. All this strongly resembles the highly artistic reasoning of the middle of the 90-ies that the war in Chechnya was started solely for the sake of local oil. "Economic determinism" has always had a bad effect on the level of military-political analysts, especially if it is shaken in one bottle with primitive conspiracy. In especially difficult cases (the Soviet Union of the end of the 80-ies), this led to a complete disregard for the real historical, ethnic and religious causes of conflicts in favor of small-town versions of the "economic background" and "mafia tricks". This was, for example, the assessment of the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh by party "analysts" in Moscow at an early stage of the slaughter.
But back to Syria. It should be pointed out that one of the most battle-worthy units of the Syrian army - the Tigers - did not advance towards Suwayda, but continues to attack the positions of the IGIL in the east of the province of Aleppo. General Suheil al-Hassan, the main specialist in large-scale offensive campaigns, is also there. The same sources and analysts, which point to the "Iranian trace" in the operation in the south of the country, regularly say that "the Syrian army is almost non-existent", that "Assad can only collect one fist" and that "only Persians, Palestinians and Shiites. " In practice, the fighting efficiency of the SAA has increased significantly over the past six months, primarily due to units that have been trained by Russian military advisers and formed anew.
So, in the last few days, the Tigers have successfully broken through the front of the IGIL east of Aleppo. They occupied the air base of Jira, fought their way to the plains of Maskana and took control of the settlements of Jarra Sagir, Mahduma and Beylonach after fierce clashes with militants. At the same time, they were actively supported by volunteers from the local tribe Al-Bakir (Bakkara). More recently, these Bedouins supported IGIL, but as a result of the fighting of 2016, the structure of the Bedouin tribes changed greatly, including due to the strange attitude of the jihadists even to those tribes that supported them at an early stage of the war. The Bedouins were exterminated for "insufficient Islam", they were displaced from the habitual places of nomadism and from old settled villages. The Syrian government was able to successfully play in this field, having lured several large tribes to its side.
In turn, the tribe Sheytat organized militia "Ussud al-Sharqiya" ( "Eastern Lions") and successfully fighting with the Syrian army in the area of Deir ez-Zor. Sharabin tribes and Tai entered the orbit of the Iranian military trainers.
Another relatively new unit in the government coalition was the so-called "Turan" battalion, also known as the "special forces of the USSR", since it was formed from people from Central Asia, the Russian North Caucasus and Transcaucasia. He has quite a specific military training and armament, since the battalion specializes not in front-line operations, but in counter-guerrilla warfare. And this is a completely new word in the tactics of the government coalition. It is known about several successful operations of "Turan" under Palmira and Homs, when they managed to destroy enemy sabotage groups and liquidate terrorists' usual breakthroughs through the desert on "jihad-mobile". Initially, the battalion operated in the province of Ham, but after signing the treaty on de-escalation zones moved to the province of Homs, where he engaged in hunting for command and subversive groups of IGIL.
Now, after breaking the front LIH "Tiger" in the east of the province of Aleppo, it is assumed that government troops will go south along the lakes and Sabkhat al-Jabbul Assad in the direction of Raqqa. But we must understand that the western regions of Raqqa is now flooded due to a sudden release of water in the Euphrates - in some neighborhoods the water rose to the level of more than one meter.
Pro-American sources accuse Igil of the fact that its militants themselves dumped water from the Al-Baa hydroelectric power station. But with all the oddities of jihadist thinking, they seem to have no reason to flood their own "capital" and spend resources on straightening the situation. Arab sources are confused in the testimony. Some argue that the reason for the dumping of water in the bombing of the pro-American coalition of a number of hydro objects on the Euphrates. Others blame the Kurds, who took control of the dam from the recently seized projigist town of Tabka, and now God knows what they can do there.