In Syria, there have been signs of preparation for a major offensive on a completely new for such action front. This extremely ambitious task includes, in particular, to unlock the strategic route Damascus - Baghdad. This operation was made possible thanks to a series of reforms and stratagems, conducted over the past six months.
Large columns of military equipment by government forces arrive in the province Suwayda and East Kalamun. At the same time, Syrian troops for three days leading promotion with fights in Badia district, which is controlled by jihadists.
Reinforcements of the government army, the national defense forces and the Iraqi militias are going to the front, so that after the creation of striking force to take control of the border with Jordan and Iraq, which are in 100 km from the newly captured at a roadblock Zaza route Damascus - Baghdad.
International road Damascus - Baghdad was under the control of LIH * 2015 in early summer, when the depleted government forces left large areas of Homs and Hama provinces. About this time the government fell last stronghold in the border area - the city of Jisr al-Shugur. Before the border check point under the control of Damascus, and Islamist militants retains Iraqi territory near the town of Badia, cutting a strategically important transport artery linking the capital of Syria and Iraq.
Currently, the US-backed "special forces of the opposition" and the group "Jaish al-Ashair" control most of the region between Bir Kassab Suwaidi in the east and the border of the province of Deir Ezzor, including a strategic border crossing. Command of the government army tasked to open this fundamentally significant highway.
If it is opened, it will not only allow to resume full military cooperation between the armed forces of the SAR and Iraq, but also to restore a convenient land route to Iran from Damascus receives a significant part of military and financial support. It is this support has enabled Syria endure six years of brutal war and the losses in terms of total economic and political isolation, including draconian penalties in relation to each sector of the economy.
Meanwhile, a number of sources indicates a particular interest in Iran early holding operation in Sweida. Conspiracy theories is that Tehran wants to build a pipeline through the Deir ez-Zor and Damascus Suwaidi and further to the ports of the Mediterranean, burying the old - the north - the route that went first through Kurdistan, and then along the Turkish border. C to ensure control of the operation in the south of Damascus allegedly even the Iranian generals to command the area.
All this kind of conspiracy of building suffered multiple birth trauma. First of all, nobody - not even the ayatollahs who argue criteria eternity - can not say right now, when the civil war and pacification will come to such a stage that it will be possible to lay pipes.
Secondly, peace and war, in principle, never spun - and now center - around pipes, wires and other psevdoekonomicheskih constructions. All of this is strongly reminiscent of highly reasoning mid 90-ies that the war in Chechnya has been started solely for local oil. "Economic determinism" is always a bad effect on the level of military and political analysts, especially if you shake it in a bottle with a primitive conspiracy. In severe cases, (the end of the Soviet Union 80-ies), this led to a complete disregard of the real historical, ethnic and religious causes of conflict in favor of parochial versions of "economic motives" and "tricks of the mafia." So was the case with the assessment of the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh on the part of the party "analysts" in Moscow early slaughter.
But back to Syria. It should be noted that one of the most combat-ready units of the Syrian army - "Tigers" - towards Suwaidi not popped up, and continues to attack the position of the LIH in the east of Aleppo province. There is also a general and Suhail al-Hassan - Senior Specialist for a large-scale offensive campaigns. The same sources and analysts, indicating that "the Iranian trace" in an operation in the south of the country, regularly assert that "the Syrian army has virtually does not exist" and that "Assad can collect only one fist" and that "war is only the Persians, Palestinians and Shiites. " In practice, the combat capability of the CAA has increased significantly over the past six months, primarily due to units trained at Russian military advisers and formed anew.
Thus, in the last few days, "Tigers" successfully broke through the front LIH east of Aleppo. They occupied airbase Jira, fought out on the plains Maskaev and took control of towns Jarrah Saghir, Makhdum and Balon after violent clashes with the militants. At the same time they are actively supported by volunteers from the local tribe of Al-Baqir (Baccarat). More recently, these Bedouins maintained LIH, but by fighting 2016, the structure of the Bedouin tribes changed dramatically, including due to a strange relationship jihadists even those tribes who supported them at an early stage of the war. The Bedouins were exterminated for the "lack of Islam" were replaced with the familiar places of the old nomadic and sedentary villages. Syria's government has been able to successfully play on this field, luring to their side several large tribes.
In turn, the tribe Sheytat organized militia "Ussud al-Sharqiya" ( "Eastern Lions") and successfully fighting with the Syrian army in the area of Deir ez-Zor. Sharabin tribes and Tai entered the orbit of the Iranian military trainers.
Another relatively new division as part of the government coalition was the so-called battalion "Turan", also known as "Special Forces of the USSR", as formed of people from Central Asia, from Russia's North Caucasus and Transcaucasia. It is quite specific military training and weapons, as battalion specializes in conducting front-line operations, and on the counterinsurgency fight. And this is quite a new word in the tactics of the government coalition. Aware of several successful operations, "Turan" at Palmyra and Homs, where they were able to destroy the enemy subversive groups and dismantle the usual terrorists breakthroughs across the desert to the "jihad-mobile." Initially, the battalion operated in the province of Hama, but after the signing of the contract areas of de-escalation has moved to the province of Homs, where he began to hunt command and sabotage groups LIH.
Now, after breaking the front LIH "Tiger" in the east of the province of Aleppo, it is assumed that government troops will go south along the lakes and Sabkhat al-Jabbul Assad in the direction of Raqqa. But we must understand that the western regions of Raqqa is now flooded due to a sudden release of water in the Euphrates - in some neighborhoods the water rose to the level of more than one meter.
Pro-American sources accuse LIH that its militants dumped the water themselves from hydroelectric power, "al-Baa." But for all the strangeness of jihadist thinking they like as there is no need to flood their own "capital" and to spend resources on correcting the situation. The Arab sources are confused in the testimony. Some argue that the water release the cause in the bombing of pro-American coalition a number gidroobektov on the Euphrates. Others blame the Kurds, who took control of the dam at the recently captured city of prodzhihadistskogo Tabka and now God knows that there can do.