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20.03.2017 - 10: 53

exchange views

Talk Merkel and Trump does not look like a meeting of two allies. Too much of their divergent views of the world and each other.

The eccentric couple

A few days ago to talk with Trump flew to Washington, German Chancellor Angela Merkel. And the problem with this visit began with the organization ever since. Initially the meeting was scheduled later in the course of the intended tour Trump for Europe. However, at the insistence of Merkel it was moved to an earlier date 14 March, and there are already intervened weather - federal chancellor was unable to fly to Washington because of the snow storm, so just arrived 17-th.

It seemed that after the arrival of the problems are over, because the talks began close allies, the two nominal leaders of the free world savers. However, many liberals believe that there has been a guardian of Merkel and Trump plays the role of destroyer. Therefore, a number of Western analysts pinned to the grandmother of Europe is very high hopes for the protection of the free world. "She is the only leader who can firmly confront the new president. Saying that Germany would work with the US on the basis of common values ​​(the rule of law, tolerance and equal rights), it has become the de facto leader of those who are determined to defend these values, "- says a former US Assistant Secretary of State James Rubin. Indeed, who does not like Merkel? The leader of the most powerful in political and economic terms, the EU countries, the European Union rod ?. And, importantly in the case of Trump, she is a female head of state.

As a result, the skeptics were right - the negotiations between Trump and Merkel did not remind casual conversation allies. Visually, it is evident, for example, at the final ceremony in the Oval Office, where Trump and Merkel sat tensely in the chair in front of a crowd of reporters. "How did the negotiations?" Asked Trump. "Amazing," - said the US president, but his face was gloomy, and in some ways, even irritated. Behavior, in general, too - when the journalists from the audience asked him to shake his hand at the camera Merkel herself Bundeskantsler turned and asked for a handshake, the president sat stone-faced, not responding to anybody. "The leaders of the two most powerful countries of the West looked more like an eccentric couple, rather than as two allies, speaking about joint projects", - said James Rubin.

Fair against a good

The idea, of course, the two leaders were to leave aside the rhetoric of 2016 years (during the election campaign, Trump sharply criticized Merkel internal policy in the migration issue, calling it a "disgrace" and German leaders have positioned Trump almost as Antichrist). "From conflicts within the West will not win no one, not even his enemies", - wrote the correspondent of DW Washington Miodrag Sorich. To prevent these conflicts, as correctly pointed out, Angela Merkel, "it is better to talk with each other and not about each other." The problem is that even in conversation with each other the parties could not find common language on a number of issues. Trump himself has made it clear about this when he spoke of his tapping and Merkel from the Obama administration, "at least we have at least something in common."

For example, the parties disagreed on migration, where they, according to Merkel, only "exchanged views". It is understandable, because if Merkel spoke about the priority of freedom of movement, immigration for Trump - "it is a privilege, not a right, and the security of our citizens must always be unconditionally in the first place." These views are difficult to combine.

Another point of divergence of views began on the future of Europe. While Angela Merkel is doing everything it can to Donald Trump EU rescue not just works on his collapse, but does not hesitate to speak about it publicly (eg, praising Brekzit). "There was a kind of alienation. When the US president welcomed the UK out of the EU and said that other countries should follow suit, something unprecedented, "- says the head of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker. "Interests Trump predictable. But the methods of realization of these interests - there is no ", - says the main problem with Trump deputy editor of the German Bild Nicolas Blome.

As for bilateral relations, there prevailed trade issues. "I am a supporter of free trade, but also, at the same time, fair trade," - said Trump. According to him, many countries have led to the US "unfair trade", and this practice is discontinued. "We will enter into solid trade agreements, and not those which would lead to the closure of our plant and a sharp rise in unemployment," - said the president. Germany Trump understanding - one of the countries with which need a "fair deal" because the US trade deficit with Germany was in the 2016 65, about billions of dollars. In turn, Merkel (especially given the failure of the Trump Transatlantic Free Trade Zone and the intention to enter into bilateral agreements with European partners) need a good deal, because the US accounts for about 10% of German exports. Therefore, to meet with Trump Merkel brought an offering in the form of directors of the largest companies (Siemens, BMW, etc.) that Trump spoke about the plans of additional investments in the United States. Apparently, Germany and the United States expect long negotiations about how to make a deal at the same time honest and good.

NATO leave alone, Putin also

Of course, the position of Merkel and Trump parted not in all matters. The parties seem to be as agreed by the NATO issue. But in fact it was not a compromise, but the realization of their own interests, which are not really contradictory. So, Angela Merkel once again promised to increase the country's defense spending. But not so much because of this it requires Trump - it is clear that if Germany (and even more so with the weakening of the role of the United States) wants to increase its role in ensuring the security of Europe, it is necessary to ensure an increase in the budget of the Bundeswehr. Germany currently spends 1,23% of GDP for defense. In the past year this sum increased by 8%, and Berlin as a whole expects to increase defense spending to 2 2024% for the year.

In turn, Trump expressed the full support of NATO - but he was not going to dissolve the Alliance. NATO was, is and will be the most important for Europe, the US monitoring tool, and this tool Trump wants only to fix and sharpen, make more efficient and less costly for the US budget. And therefore it requires the same high costs of the Germans, which he did not fail to recall just left Washington bundeskatslerin. "Contrary to what is written in feykovye news, I had an excellent meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Germany, however, owe ... It should pay more US and NATO means of serious and very costly defense of Germany. "

Also, a compromise was found in the Ukrainian theme. Calling the leaders of Germany and France in the settlement of the situation in Ukraine, Trump has once again confirmed the appointment of European partners responsible for the resolution of the Ukrainian question bothered. And also made it clear that Kiev hopes Washington retraction in the negotiation process but hopes remain. Merkel also said that the conflict in eastern Ukraine must be solved, but also the relationship with Russia, after the elimination of the problems must be improved, too (thus several spreading these two provisions, although in the past the West clearly stated that in the morning performance of Moscow in Minsk, and in the evening - normalization of Russian-European relations). More importantly, no Trump, nor, especially, Merkel has not spoken against the new Russian strategy on prindnestrovizatsii LNR and DNR (part of which is Moscow's recognition of passports unrecognized republics, the introduction by local authorities of external management at Donbass enterprises, as well as the reorientation of their economies to Russia). In fact, Putin gave the green light to alternative Minsk (stake Poroshenko does not want to fulfill the conditions of Minsk), and the leading Western media did not comment on the approach of the free world leaders. "In Kiev is full zrada. Because we have only one way out, which consisted of a series of measures: not to hear Merkel's view on Washington through his fingers and give up on Trump's hand. I think this troeslozhnoy challenge we have successfully coped, "- says the Ukrainian political analyst Yanina Sokolovskaya.

A source: Expert Online

Author: Gevorg Mirzayan, Associate Professor Department of Political Science University of Finance of the Russian Government

Tags: Merkel, Trump, Politics, US, Germany, Migration, EU, Europe, Great Britain, Brexit, Analytics, Economy, Ukraine, NATO