21 August, 60 years ago the first in the world intercontinental ballistic missile R-7 was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome.
The task was not simple. The creators of R-7 carried out the planned flight plan from the third launch - 21 August 1957, the rocket overcame the distance of 5600 kilometers and delivered the warhead to the Kura test range. Six days later, the USSR officially announced the existence of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) - one year earlier than the United States. Thus, our country has sharply increased the perimeter of national security, but has not stopped on the achieved. Intercontinental missiles flew farther and carried an increasing number of nuclear warheads. Today, the most powerful ICBM R-36M2 "Voevoda" is capable of carrying 10 military units with an output of 170 kiloton for a distance of up to 15 thousand kilometers.
Algorithms for the combat use of ICBMs were improved. The domestic nuclear deterrent system, which unites carriers on land, at sea and in the air, has become many times more complicated. It has a large margin of safety, guarantees the destruction of the aggressor in any situation.
Russia is capable of inflicting a retaliatory nuclear strike even in the event of the death of the country's top leadership. For this purpose, the "Perimeter" system spread its wings over the Russian expanses, which worries our "partners". Moreover, in NATO the high stability of the nuclear shield (or sword) of Russia is considered defiantly immoral.
A necessary measure
With the development of nuclear weapons of enormous power, the principles of the global war have changed. Now one missile is capable of destroying the most protected command center or bunker with the top leadership of the enemy. Here it is necessary to bear in mind primarily the American doctrine of "decapitation".
This blow to the domestic designers opposed the system of guaranteed response Armageddon. Created in the years of the Cold War, "Perimeter" took to combat duty in January 1985 year. This huge and complex combat organism, dispersed throughout the country, constantly monitors the situation and thousands of nuclear warheads. By the way, to destroy a country like the US, two hundred modern nuclear weapons are sufficient.
Command missile 15A11 system "Perimeter"
"Perimeter" is a parallel and alternative command system of Russia's Strategic Nuclear Forces, secretive, well-protected and trouble-free. How does it work?
During the alert, stationary and mobile control centers on a vast territory constantly assess seismic activity, radiation level, air pressure and temperature, monitor military frequencies, record the intensity of negotiations, monitor the data of the missile attack warning system. Point sources of powerful electromagnetic and ionizing radiation coincide with seismic disturbances (evidence of nuclear strikes). After analyzing these and many other data, the system can autonomously decide on a retaliatory nuclear strike (of course, the first persons of the state can activate the combat regime).
Having discovered signs of a nuclear strike, Perimeter sends a request to the General Staff. Having received a certain (calming) response, he returns to the state of analysis of the situation. If the connection with the General Staff is not established (a technical malfunction is excluded), Perimeter immediately addresses to the control system of strategic missiles Kazbek.
Without having received an answer here, an autonomous control and command system (software package based on artificial intelligence) independently makes a decision about a nuclear retaliation. She is capable of unerringly "understand" that her time has come.
Note that there is no way to neutralize, disable or destroy the "Perimeter", because it was created to work in conditions of "applied armageddon." In case of damage to the main communication lines (or blocking them by the EW systems of the enemy), the system launches command ballistic control missiles that will transfer the launch pulse directly to the missile defense missile survivors, submarines and other nuclear response complexes without the participation of the high military command. It is no coincidence that Western military analysts called this system "Dead hand".
"Perimeter" was repeatedly tested and modernized and today remains, perhaps, one of the main constraints of the third world war.
During the Cold War, the Americans used a different duplicating system called "Operation Looking Glass". The crews of the air command posts of the Strategic Air Command of the United States on eleven Boeing EC-135C aircraft (later - on the sixteen E-6B "Mercury") 24 hours per day, continuously for 30 years (from 1961 to 24 June 1990), hung " "In the air above the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean. Each crew of 15 servicemen controlled the situation and duplicated the control system of US strategic forces (ICBMs) in case of destruction of ground centers.
The crew of the air command post of the Strategic Air Command of the United States on the plane Boeing EC-135C
After the Cold War, the US abandoned the "Operation Looking Glass", because such a system required huge costs, not to mention the vulnerability of aircraft. Domestic "Perimeter" practically does not require funds to maintain efficiency. At the same time, the entire configuration is reliably protected from saboteurs, the natural elements and the damaging factors of a nuclear explosion.
Hanging "mirrors" over the ocean, our strategic competitors for a long time could only guess about the "Perimeter". The newspaper "New York Times" only 8 October 1993 published an article "Russian Yom Kippur", which revealed some details about the management system of the Russian Strategic Missile Forces (one of the developers of the system moved to the US). And soon under the pressure of START-1 "Perimeter" was removed from combat duty (in the summer of 1995). And yet this unique system did not go down in history.
The United States and its allies did not appreciate the goodwill of the leadership of the Russian Federation, beginning to actively build a world of "American exclusiveness." NATO has come very close to our borders. And the "Perimeter" reactivated again - in December 2011, the commander of the Strategic Missile Forces, General Sergei Karakaev, said that the system is on alert duty.
To this, we can add that Russia has the equally powerful "Ocean-multipurpose system" Status-6 "with warheads of the power of 100 megaton (post-Apocalypse) and, possibly, much more that is not known to the general public. Therefore," partners "should not weigh the chances of Victory in the war with Russia.