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24.04.2017 - 07: 19

Attempts to disrupt the project "North Stream - 2» do not stop

20 April as the Deputy Chairman of the Board of OJSC "Gazprom", the negotiations on the model of financing Nord Stream-2 project came to final stage. Despite all the efforts of Poland, the project can not lock; It did not happen and the revision of the planned construction schedule. 12 April the project operator company Nord Stream 2 AG has officially confirmed its intention to begin construction in the second quarter, the 2018 and proceed to the gas supply at the end of 2019

We repeat what we have said many times: no economic argument against the construction of the gas pipeline "Nord Stream-2» from Russia to Germany under the Baltic Sea is not. For all the objections should policy. With the launch of pipeline "Northern stream-2» need for transiting Russian gas to Europe through Ukraine will disappear, and together with this West lose geostrategic leverage on Moscow ( "lever", of course, valid only under the condition that the current mode continues and friendly Kiev Moscow government there does not appear).

Everything is done in the open, politically motivated attempts to disrupt the construction of the "Nord Stream - 2» no secret: As reported in 13 April the German Welt: if the pipeline is built, "the EU will have fewer ways to put pressure [on Russia], for example, in the Ukrainian crisis, or in strategic areas "

More in 2015, in the depths of the Atlantic Council of Ukraine, the recommendations were developed as a "challenge arguments about the risks of transit through the territory of Ukraine, testifying in favor of Nord Stream 2». The most general recommendation - to achieve "independence of Ukraine on Russian gas as much as possible," using the reverse of Poland, Hungary and Slovakia. With regard to the scheme with a thrust reverser, that the countries themselves are also dependent on Russian gas: Poland about 55%, Hungary - on 60%, Slovakia - to 100%.

Ukraine has fulfilled the recommendations: in 2016, the it bought from Gazprom just 2,4 billion cubic meters. If we remember that once the volume of Russian gas supplies reached 40 billion cubic meters per year (Ukraine was the largest importer of gas from Russia), then this reduction seems unlikely. It really would not be possible without the efforts of the European Union, which led the legal basis under the Reverse gas supplies by the existing pipelines and financed the construction of infrastructure for physical delivery (or in the case of virtual simulation of reverse, which is now assigned to a legitimate reason). Currently, the supply Reverse earn 10 international companies call that Kiev refuses. The scheme is simple: traders companies resell gas to Ukraine (including those purchased from Gazprom), for which she pays off the loan received from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

The agreement on the transit of Russian gas through Ukraine ends in 2019 city, and a new treaty in the current political situation, Russia is not interested. Gas for domestic use Kiev buys are now on a "let expensive, just not in Russia"; limited to certain activities in the Ukraine subsidiary of PJSC "Gazprom" (flights, transportation of goods through Ukraine, docked at ports and landing of aircraft in the territory of Ukraine). Instead, the European Commission (EC), however, seeks to preserve the status quo, in which Kiev profit from transit, and European business is earning on the resale of gas. Following the adoption by the European Commission Third Energy Package, complicate the situation for Gazprom in the European market at the end of last year, the European Commission presented a new draft for discussion, the fourth Energy Package containing out plans to run on fossil fuels at all.

Brussels, however, for all his desire not able to extend the application of its rules throughout. He has, for example, there is no legal reason to prevent the construction of the underwater part of the pipeline in international waters, what was said in a letter dated March 28 addressed by the European Commission faces Sweden's Minister of Energy and Denmark. Letters meaning lies in the fact that it contained hidden clues: the European Commission has no legal basis, but Sweden and Denmark, whose coastal area is physically impossible to pass, could invent something. At the time, neither Sweden nor Denmark have not signed an official letter, in which the EU 9 countries asked the European Commission to check the project to be compatible with European legislation. From this, however, it does not mean that they belong to the "Nord Stream - 2» sympathetic or at least neutral. In December last year, local authorities are the Swedish island of Gotland and Blekinge pressure defense and foreign policy ministers were forced to abandon the proposal to pass a temporary lease its ports, which the company Nord Stream 2 AG planned to use in logistics applications. the so-called public consultation on the application for the construction of the pipeline "Nord Stream - 7» From 2 April to June in Sweden are carried out. What they will end is still unknown.

Next bandwagon project put Denmark. The Danish government launched an initiative to amend national legislation in order to retain the right to prohibit the construction of the pipeline "Nord Stream-2» (the official motive - because of concerns related to foreign policy and security, that is, the economy, and then do not spend the night).

On April 18 17 May public discussion of the project "North Stream - 2» takes place in Germany, but here the situation is different. Germany currently consumes almost 87 billion cubic meters of gas per year, of which imports of 93%, gas production drops rapidly in the country (in 2016, the She was 8,6 MAWP cu m against 20 billion cubic meters of 2006). At a meeting with the deputies of the State Duma Chairman of the Economic Bundestag Committee and Energy Peter Ramsauer (CSU), visited in April, led the committee delegation in Moscow, confirmed that the doubts expressed in regard to the project countries of Eastern Europe, the USA and the European Commission are exclusively political basis. "We will do everything to ensure that this project has become successful," - said Peter Ramsauer.

A source: Strategic Culture Foundation

Author: Natalia Meden

Tags: Nord Stream, Russia, Gas, EU, Politics, Business, Research, Sweden, Denmark, Ukraine, Poland, Germany, Europe