This holiday we celebrate already 27-th time - but only in the last several years it, that is called, has got accustomed. Every year, the Day of Russia causes fewer associations with what it was originally, and with those events that happened on that day in 1990 and 1991. Now this is the day of the present Russian state sovereignty.
The Day of Russia finally became its own for our people after the Crimea - at the same time the majority reconciled with the tricolor. 12 June is perceived as a holiday of Russia, as her birthday. But not in a bad way, that is not in connection with the 1990 year and the collapse of the USSR - but as the birthday of the eternal, thousand-year-old Motherland, as her name-day. And it does not matter what became the reason for the appearance of this holiday, because the association of this holiday and those events is removed.
In this case, of course, it is very important to remember what happened 12 June 1990 year - not to repeat those tragic mistakes in the future.
Because the "Declaration on State Sovereignty of the RSFSR" adopted by the newly elected Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is one of the most shameful, erroneous and tragic documents of a thousand-year Russian history. The new parliament of one of the constituent parts of the big Russia (then bearing the name of the USSR) actually acted as the destroyer of the state - which eventually happened in a year and a half.
Yes, the crisis in the USSR was largely caused by the policy of the Union leadership, or even personally by Gorbachev - by ill-conceived reforms, constant shuffling, personnel leapfrogging at all levels of government (in order to weaken resistance to the insane policy of the center). But this does not mean that Yeltsin, who came to power in the RSFSR, was to receive powers and support in his striving to fight for power with Gorbachev. And to fight at any cost, including the cost of the collapse of the country.
Yes, Russia is not the first to start. Before it, five republics from 15 (three Baltic and two Transcaucasian republics) have already accepted such declarations, but this is not an excuse for the behavior of not just the largest but the state-forming republic.
Yes, the then deputies did not think that they were ruining the USSR. The declaration said about the intention "to create a new democratic legal state within the renewed Soviet Union" - but they proclaimed the priority of Russian laws over the allied ones, that is, they actually took the course toward the elimination of the union power, and hence the union state. That is a big, real, historical Russia. And the misunderstanding of this by the then Erasafeser deputies does not absolve them from historical responsibility.
So yes, made 12 June 1990 year is impossible not only to be proud of - it can only be lamented.
As well as about what happened exactly one year later, when the chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (that is, the head of the Russian parliament), Boris Yeltsin, who signed the declaration on sovereignty, was elected president of the RSFSR. Already in a couple of months, after the "putsch GKChP" directed by Gorbachev led to the collapse of the Union power, Yeltsin became virtually the sole ruler of Russia. This was followed by the collapse of the USSR, economic "reforms" and a change in the social system.
In 1992, at the height of chaos, the Russian parliament announced 12 June a holiday - with the title "Day of adoption of the Declaration on the State Sovereignty of the Russian Federation". In the people it was called the Independence Day - so some of the then liberal media wrote about it (and others then did not exist), at the same time imitating the name of the main American holiday, Independence Day, celebrated 4 July.
This name, of course, caused only sarcastic questions - from whom independence? What independence has Russia gained? Very soon people realized that it was independence from social gains, from a calm way of life, from Russian lands and those territories that had been assembled in Russia for centuries. There was really nothing to be happy about.
But in the new century, this day gradually began to separate from the events of 1990-1991. In 2002, Vladimir Putin renamed the holiday on Russia Day - removing the link to what can not be proud. Now it is a holiday of our state, our Russia - not "young", "born in 1990-1992 years", but a thousand-year, eternal. Not the Russian Federation, as it is now called and within the borders of which exists - but to Russia, which was both a kingdom, an empire, and the Soviet Union. And he will live on in new forms and devices.
Glory to Russia!