In comparison with the problems of Scotland, Ireland and even Wales, the separatism of the English Cornwall looks almost ridiculous. More precisely, he looked. The Army of the Republic of Cornwall promised to respond to the "ethnic cleansing" by the Anglo-Saxons with the terrorist act, for which the "true British" had already prepared the suicide bomber. But to whom and for what independent Cornwall is needed?
The United Kingdom has long lived under the threat of separation. Europe remembers the fighting in Northern Ireland and is well aware of the Scottish separatists, who announced the second referendum on the withdrawal from Britain. A few less known are the Welsh nationalists - the inhabitants of Wales, who study their ancient Welsh language and are struggling with the cultural hegemony of the English. But few people heard about the separatists of Cornwall.
When their military unit promised to arrange an attack on the British, many had a question: who are they in general and what do they want from London?
Cornwall - one of the most beautiful places in England, an idyllic hilly peninsula in the south-west, rugged coves and bays. However, the English do not consider themselves local residents. They are the descendants of the ancient Celts and Britons, who used to live in Albion. Angles and Saxons, who came to the island only in the V century, are still considered here "come in large numbers." Cornwall considers himself the birthplace of the legendary King Arthur and the citadel of a truly British spirit.
Cornwall nationalists have made a lot of efforts to revive their language - the Korn. For a long time, British scientists considered it to be a dialect of Old English. However, the linguists of Cornwall, already more than a hundred years working on the restoration and promotion of the Korn, managed to convince the whole world that this is the true language of the ancient Britons. Of the half-million population of the peninsula, only 300-400 people speak it. However, local authorities actively propagate Korn, introduce his lessons in schools and place bilingual pointers everywhere. Cornwall, for example, sounds like Cornow in Cornow.
The birthplace of Arthur became part of England in the XV century, but still grumbling at the Anglo-Saxon invaders is considered a good form. True, the last major uprising against London dates back to 1497 year. Since then, true Cornish people remembered their national pride except to remind themselves of themselves and get additional tranches from the capital to develop their distinctive culture.
The situation began to change dramatically in the second half of the 20th century. Decorative local nationalism became fueled by very real fears - Cornwall was rapidly becoming an outsider of the global economy and one of the poorest counties in England.
The basis of the national economy of the peninsula has always been the extractive industry. More than 3000 years in Cornwall mined and smelted tin and copper. The whole of Europe was famous for local clay, used to produce the famous English porcelain. But in recent decades, almost all extracting enterprises have been transferred to developing countries. The mines closed, the miners, the heirs of the famous workers' dynasties, lost both their work and the meaning of their existence. The last tin mine of Cornwall was closed at 1998, the last mine to produce kaolin (clay for the production of porcelain) - in 1999. In consolation, the European Union granted Cornwall a grant "for the development of the creative industry."
Simultaneously with industry, the habitual habitat and the style of life that the locals considered "truly British" were being destroyed. One of the first degradation of Cornwall was recorded by the writer Daphne Du Maurier. She lived all her life in these places and loved them very much. The disappearance of the traditional way, old houses, familiar landscapes - the theme of her documentary book "Enchanted Cornwall."
Her latest novel, with the ironic title of "Rule, Britain!" Became something of a bible for local nationalists. In this satirical anti-utopia, the US Army occupies Britain and deprives it of the remnants of sovereignty. London humbly admits defeat and fulfills all the demands of the occupiers. The only people who rise to fight against the invaders are the inhabitants of Cornwall. True Britons take up arms and begin guerrilla warfare against the Americans. In 1972, the novel received devastating reviews, the living classic Du Maurier at one point became "non-armored". However, today the theme of resistance in Cornwall is growing louder.
Trying to improve the economy of the county, the British authorities tried to develop it as a resort. That is, they repeated in miniature the same process that the European Union carried out in countries such as Greece, Spain and Portugal, after the destruction of their industry. The result was a little better.
Museums and amusement parks were built on the site of abandoned mines. They set up bicycle paths, laid hiking trails for walks, cleared the beaches and ennobled the coastal line. Cornwall was advertised as the ideal resort with the best climate in the UK. Small coastal towns overnight became prestigious and notable places. There were rich Londoners and foreigners. They massively bought houses as summer cottages, and property prices in a depressed region essentially took off. Today, the cost of a modest three-room house on the peninsula starts from 400 thousand pounds (31 million rubles), and rent payments for rooms have already overtaken the most expensive resort in England - Brighton and its surroundings.
It would seem that the locals have blessed happiness. However, they are not happy with this happiness. The rise in property prices has led to the fact that the indigenous Cornish, even if he is lucky to find a job, will not be able to take into the mortgage either a house or an apartment. In addition, along with the rich summer residents in the poor county came a completely different lifestyle.
Cornwall experienced all the delights of gentrification. The district was given a decent appearance, but everything that the local people have become accustomed to since childhood has survived. Instead of cheap "rocking chairs" there were expensive fitness centers, instead of ordinary hairdressers - glamorous barber shops, instead of pubs - wine bars with champagne from 40 pounds per bottle. Somewhere, and all the simple eateries, where you could take fish and potatoes for a takeaway for two or three pounds, disappeared. But there are restaurants of London stars of culinary art - Rick Stein and Jamie Oliver. Stein's restaurant is like a mockery called "Fish with potatoes," but only a portion of fish without a garnish in it costs from 11 pounds.
In the gains from gentrification only a few inhabitants of Cornwall, who had superfluous real estate for sale or for rent. The rest were not ready to mess with Jamie Oliver.
It is no accident that the Army of the Republic of Cornwall began its military operations just from the attack on Rika Stein's restaurant in Portland. In June, he was simply set on fire, promising new attacks.
The Army of the Republic of Cornwall, a combat unit of local separatists, used to be called the Cornwall National Liberation Army. It is emphasized that in its ranks there are only 30 people, but all of them have been trained in the camps of Scottish and Welsh nationalists. Earlier, the "army men" only tore off the British flags and painted over the black Tudor rose - a symbol of British power. Now we moved on to real shares. Following the arson of Stein's restaurant, an attack was also announced on Oliver's restaurant. Under the threat also giving rich Londoners.
The predatory capitalism of London in relation to Cornwall the army transferred to the national plane. They argue that the de-industrialization of their land is "ethnic cleansing", which the Anglo-Saxons spend among the Cornish people. They promise to respond to genocide with real acts of terrorism. The Army of the Republic of Cornwall announced that it had already prepared a suicide bomber, which would blow herself up when necessary.
The very use of the lexicon of Islamic terrorists in relation to their fellow citizens sounds alarming. But in London over the threats of the Cornwall nationalists preferred to laugh. The fact is that the advanced Englishmen have long been concerned with the inhabitants of Cornwall with unconcealed contempt. For them it's poor illiterate miners, crazy about cheap beer and fish with potatoes, people with bad teeth and overweight, unable to understand all the delights of globalization. On the threat of the Army of the Republic of Cornwall, the London tabloids responded with jokes about the fact that Cornwall's aunts are so fat that they do not need bombs either - they will explode from their own fat.
Cornwall is an example of how a new type of economic policy is embittering the indigenous population. In the situation of growing hostility of local and "come in large numbers," the smallest cultural features begin to play a huge role. Strangely enough, but it is cheap fish with potatoes (or rather, its disappearance) that pushes Cornish people to separatism today. Threats of militants from the Army of the Republic of Cornwall can sound funny, if you look at them from London. But behind them lies the serious irritation of hundreds of thousands of people who are deprived of the usual way of life.