Throughput of Russian seaports first time in history exceeded the mark 700 million tons per year, but this is not the limit. New infrastructure, new ships, as well as the overall situation in the global markets will ensure that the growth of this indicator will continue despite the fact that Russia has committed itself to reduce oil production.
According to the Association of Russian seaports, the total turnover of the sector in the year amounted to 2016 721,9 million tons, an increase of 6,7%. Falling value of the foreign trade turnover (according to the latest data, in January - November 2016, he was reduced to 13,4% to 422,8 billion dollars) had no effect on the volume of goods that are rolled over to Russian ports. Over the past decade has not been a single case when their cargo turnover would have been lower than in the previous year, as a whole, 2006-2016 till the year it increased by 77,4%.
Doubling of Arctic oil
The most significant growth in turnover 2016 year - once on 40,6% - showed the ports of the Arctic basin, to offer a step from level 50 million tons. The key to such a high growth was the increase of liquid cargo in 2,2 23,1 times to million tons, which is comparable to last year the volume of transshipment of dry cargo in the Russian Arctic (26,6 million tons).
This increase was made possible primarily thanks to the commissioning of the raid transshipment complex "Nord" on the basis of floating storage "Umba" in the port of Murmansk. Through this storage tanker can transship about 12 million tons of oil per year, and the raw material comes from two "Gazprom oil" deposits: Novoportovskoye Prirazlomnoe Yamal and offshore Sea Caves. In January last year, "Umba", based on the Japanese shipyard Hitachi Zosen, replaced the still floating storage - "Belokamenka", who worked for years 15.
Launching a new transshipment complex will increase the turnover of the port of Murmansk right one and a half times - up to 33,4 million tons, while he "Nord" for 11 months took about 7,42 million tons of oil, thereby Murmansk entered the top ten Russian ports for transshipment of bulk cargoes. This is not the limit. Prospects for further increase in transshipment of oil associated with the company's plans "Sovcomflot", which ordered six ice-class tankers for delivery to Murmansk black gold from the Gulf of Ob and platforms "Prirazlomnaja". These ships are able to operate year-round in the Arctic at temperatures up to -45 degrees. The lead ship "Navigator Albanov" series was launched last March, its cargo capacity - about 38 thousand. tonnes, it is twice more than the a long time working in the Arctic Arc5 tankers.
In addition to oil in Murmansk markedly increased transshipment of goods through the local mineral bulk terminal, which at the beginning of last year acquired a Russian holding company "EuroChem", one of the world leaders in the fertilizer market. For the first seven months of the year the terminal handled 2016 3 million tons, showing a more than double increase compared to the same period of the previous year. The new owner will continue the modernization of the terminal capacity: in the middle of last year was put into operation a new shiploaders "Neva-1500», the first in its class, and designed and manufactured in Russia.
Double-digit growth rates (21,6%) showed last year, and Arctic oil port of Varandey in the Nenets Autonomous District, 8 million tons handled. Even in 2014, LUKOIL, which owns the terminal, announced plans to increase its turnover of up to 10 million tons, primarily due to increased production at the nearby field Trebs and Titov field name, which is holding Vagit Alekperov develops together with Bashneft. As a result of two years growth of the volume of oil handled through Varandey, increased by almost 3 million tons.
Expansion of coal "window"
The second most important contribution was made by the Far East, where total turnover harbors rose to 8,3 185,5% million tonnes. It was also recorded some increase in transshipment of liquid bulk cargo (+ 2,1% to 74,5 million tons), but the volume of dry cargo grew much larger: to 13% to 111 million tons.
As the most important export product of the Far Eastern ports in 2016, the established coal. For example, the port of Vanino in the Khabarovsk region already in the first nine months, reported that the biggest increase - by almost half - showed exactly transshipment of coal for export. Coal Posiet port in the Primorye Territory, part of the structure of "Mechel" of the holding, in the past year increased transshipment to 26,6% to 8,2 million tons.
One of the factors increase the traffic was the opening of access to the port facilities of coal exporters at the end of the year 2015. As a result, the Far East could make a significant contribution to the increase of export of Russian coal - on the basis of 11 months 2016 years it has increased by 13,2% in January - November 2015-th (up to 149,5 million tonnes), primarily due to the recovery in the world market prices.
After the construction of a number of new coal terminal is completed, the volume of Russian coal shipments through the ports of the Far East will grow even more significantly. 2016 year has been very fruitful for such projects. So, in the Primorsky region on the plans of the coal "North" of the terminal in the port of East reported a group of "Sum" Ziyavudin Magomedov. About ready to finish the third phase of its terminal in the year 2017 said another operator East: Management port company. In the Khabarovsk region built in the bay Muchka port Vanino coal terminal of "Daltransugol" and "Sahatrans" can be exported to the Asia-Pacific region to 24 million tons of coal per year.
By the way, in October of "Daltransugol", part of the holding SUEK, shipped to the fleet 100-millionth ton of coal by installing the Far East ports record over the past eight years. The total turnover of the port of Vanino, according to the Association of Russian seaports grew by 11,6% last year, surpassing the mark of 30 million tons.
Export boosts growth
According to the head of the research agency InfraNews Alexei Bezborodov, a major source of growth in Russian ports turnover will further increase exports. The need for this forms the fallen exchange rate - an increase in exports keeps its value.
Good prospects Bezborodov sees primarily in the coal sector and container handling, which in 2016, almost reached the level 4 million TEU (conditional container units), which exceeds the year 2015 1,4%. However, the weight of the container turnover increased immediately to 2,5 million tonnes, and turnover grew laden and unladen fell.
At the same time exports of bulk cargoes is expected to a certain stabilization in connection with Russia's obligations to reduce oil production, but it can happen and redistribution of flows in the direction of China, from which again will benefit the ports of the Far East. This trend was observed in the year 2016 when significantly (32,3%) decreased transshipment of oil products in the port of St. Petersburg, and therefore its total turnover decreased by up to 5,6 48,6% million tonnes. At the same time significantly increased transshipment of crude oil in the port of De-Kastri in the Khabarovsk region, turnover of which added 10,4%, amounting to 11,5 million tons (based on 11 months of last year, the port took eighth place in Russia for transshipment of liquid bulk cargo).
Finally, the fourth consecutive year, the Russian port market can count on such an important driver, as the ferry across the Kerch Strait, as shown in last year's decent gains. Throughput of the port of Kavkaz, where ferries depart for the Crimea, in the year 2016 8,8% increased (up to 33,2 million tons), and the port of Kerch - to 22,4% (up to 9,6 million tons). However, after a couple of years, with the opening of the bridge to the Crimea, so the high dynamics in these ports will disappear naturally, it resembles Bezborodov.