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Qaddafi's family returns to Libya?

According to the British The Telegraph, Libyan officials allowed the widow of Colonel Gaddafi to return from abroad as part of a new program of national reconciliation.

Safia Farkash Gaddafi, who publicly defended her husband during the events of 2011 year, received permission to return to her home in eastern Libya.

63-year-old Safia met Moammar Gaddafi during his stay in the hospital with appendicitis, married him in the same 1970 year, and gave birth to seven children later. During the 2011 events, she fled to neighboring Algeria, when Tripoli fell into the hands of Gaddafi's opponents.

Together with his daughter Aysha and a number of other high-ranking representatives of the regime, they were granted asylum first in Algeria, and then moved to Oman.

And although the Libyan authorities are trying to pacify the proddamafi tribes of the country on the eve of a possible intra-Libyan dialogue that has emerged after the meeting of the head of Tripoli-owned national consensus government Faiz Sarraj and the commander of the Libyan People's Army, Khalifa Haftar, representing the western part of Libya, this step is quite contradictory. Despite the fact that Safi was never charged with any crimes of the regime, many Libyans, especially representatives of the so-called third force, continue to be dissatisfied with the possible participation of members of the Gaddafi family in the political life of Libya.

At the same time, there were reports of an attempt on the son of the former Libyan leader Saif al-Islam. As reported from the western city of Zintan, The New Arab, there was a gunfight near the alleged location of Saif, but as a result of the timely actions of Zintan militiamen, Gaddafi's son was not injured. As REGNUM reported earlier, in March 2017, the commander of one of the Zintan militia units Aymi al-Atiri announced that Gaddafi's son was released from prison and "enjoys freedom" thanks to the amnesty law passed by the Torbrooke parliament. Reports of the attempt allowed the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) Fate Bensuda to again demand the extradition to The Hague of Saif al-Islam under the jurisdiction of the international court, including to ensure its security. According to the Libya Herald, the Military Council of Zintan rejected the demands of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and, as before, does not consider the decision on the fate of the son of Gaddafi in the jurisdiction of the international court. Concerning Saif's freedom of movement, there is no reliable information, there were reports of his transfer to another place of detention, being under house arrest and just release, but restriction of movement. Video recordings with Saif did not appear from 2014 year since his video-questioning by a tribunal in Tripoli at the beginning of the trial, along with 37 other defendants by senior government officials of Qaddafi. According to the totality of the information, we can assume that Saif is relatively free in Zintan, and his participation in the opening window of opportunities in the new Libya is quite possible under certain conditions, and the return of his mother to his homeland enhances this opportunity.

Commander of the Libyan People's Army, General Khalifa Haftar, is in friendly relations with the elders of the Warfall and Varshefan tribes who support him in the war on terrorism. The Warfall tribe is one of the main Arab and Arab-Berber tribes in Tripolitania. The Varshefan tribe is the second largest in the southwest of Tripoli. Both tribes are in the west of Libya, oppose extremists and sympathize with Gaddafi.

It is important to note that the tribes believe that Gaddafi can reach an agreement with the Libyan parties on an amnesty for crimes committed before and after the uprising in 2011 by all parties to the conflict. Even now you can see some evidence of this trend. The Libyan authorities recently released a number of high-ranking Gaddafi people from prison.

Although the focus of the majority of writers about Gaddafi is Saif, who is believed to have suffered physical and mental trauma from his capture, his sister Aisha Gaddafi is quickly becoming an equally recognizable family member. It attracts enough attention, and in the future it can have a big impact on the processes taking place in Libya.

Aisha Gaddafi

Aisha is pragmatic and sensible, with a sharp political grasp, a sharp mind and intellect. She has a dynamic personality and is the most educated of the Gaddafi family. In Libya, a number of politicians support the view that it is time to return to the political stage. Aisha's victory in the European Court against the sanctions of the UN Security Council may be the first step along this path. Unlike his brother, who, as already mentioned today, demands the extradition of an international criminal court, Aisha has freedom of movement and can take advantage of this opportunity for contacts and negotiations in Europe and the Arab world. This is an important achievement of the family.

The approach of the influence of the Gaddafi family on the Bedouin tribes is one possible way of developing the situation in Libya, which can be used by Haftar, who recognizes the value of the Berber tribes, and now uses all his influence to strengthen and unite the Libyans while continuing to fight terrorists.

The Times of Malta edition suggests that the children of Qaddafi support the idea of ​​establishing a Truth and Reconciliation Commission, similar to the earlier commission in South Africa after apartheid, in order to ensure unity in the country. The Berber Libyan tribes support the Qaddafi clan, and a new peaceful attempt to unite the country that will move numerous militias to Tripoli and other extremists from the political scene may appear. It is to this point that it is necessary to try to solve the problem of national reconciliation. A similar process in South Africa helped unite the country after decades of apartheid. The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established to help deal with the situation that arose under apartheid. The author notes that in South Africa the situation in many respects was much more serious than ever under Gaddafi's rule.

Map of military operations in Libya

Libya suffered from outside interference in the solution of the Libyan question, and as the Times of Malta stresses, the government of national unity in Tripoli was not chosen by the people of Libya, but was imposed by foreign governments. According to the author, the assistance of the Gaddafi family will contribute to reconciliation, for building a new Libyan future.

Of course, Libya is not South Africa, and the problems in the countries are completely different, but the reconciliation process itself has some support in the Libyan tribes.

This year, many attempts are being made to bring the situation in Libya out of the impasse. Gaddafi's family is gradually returning to the political arena of the country. Will they be able to take advantage of the opportunities that are opening up, will depend not only on them, but also on the ability to compromise and skilfully use the available levers of influence of all players on the Libyan field, both domestic and foreign. The probability of participation in the forming authorities of one of the members of the family, and maybe even a few of them, is quite high.

A source: A REGNUM

Author: Alexander Shimberg

Tags: Libya, Gaddafi, Politics, Africa, Analytics

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