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08.05.2017 - 07: 02

Serbian maidan reserve. Riddle nonclassical public protest

Ongoing for more than a month in Belgrade and other Serbian cities demonstrations with varying degrees of intensity signaled that the country was a completely new socio-political phenomenon. For a number of signs of this phenomenon is close anti-government demonstrations in other countries of Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, the Middle East, North Africa, but he has its own specific features.

What unites today's performances in Serbia, with a variety of "Maidan" and "color revolutions"? First of all, it is the active use of network resources for the preliminary study of the collection locations, routes of movement, character appearances and speaker requirements. Through this participants speaking manages to maintain the necessary level of its presence on the streets of Serbian cities since 3 of April - the date of the announcement of preliminary results of the presidential elections in Serbia.

The second important feature of these performances - their wide territorial coverage. To date, the street protests in Serbia have participated, according to various estimates, a total of fifty to a hundred thousand people. "Protest marches" were held in all major Serbian cities: Belgrade, Nis, Novi Sad, Kraljevo, Kragujevac, Cacak, Novi Pazar, Sombor, Zrenjanin, Subotica, Valjevo. Already we can say that this "spring protest" was the largest share in the modern history of Serbia - in any case, after the "Bulldozer Revolution" 2000 year that toppled Milosevic.

Finally, the participants speaking in the majority opposed to the current government, led by the election victory in April 2 Aleksandarom Vuchichem. At the same time, however, the analogy with the events and models in other countries during the "color revolutions" is over, and purely Serbian specifics of the new phenomenon of the sample spring 2017 years.

Firstly, taking place in Serbia appearances do not fit into the traditional scheme of geopolitical coordinates West - East (West - Russia). Even such a biased publication, as the "Ukrainian Truth", has admitted that he could not find in the actions of anti-Russian protesters in Serbia: "No less important issue - foreign policy vector protests. Here everything is very difficult. On the one hand, the requirement of fair elections - a typical pro-Western discourse. However, their support for the protesters and openly declared pro-Russian policy Voislav Sheshel of the Serbian Radical Party and Bosko Obradovic from the right-wing movement "doors" ... Both the presidential race leader are largely pro-European, but at the same time in any case not anti-Russian. "

Furthermore, among the slogans "Serbian maidan" virtually no appeals to the authorities of Serbia to make the final geopolitical choice between East and West, between Brussels and Moscow. In certain circles put forward the theory that the organization continued for over a month protest campaign has invested millions of euros 10 Dzhordzh Soros, however, to find confirmation of this version is not easy.

Secondly, the protest is the most impersonal in terms of participation in it recognizable political figures. Organizers advance called their action "Maidan without politicians", emphasizing the desire to distance itself from the influence of any political parties. It is very doubtful are the attempts to accuse Vucic in an attempt to form a political party and the executive hierarchy based coalition led by the Serbian Progressive Party, previously, like himself, Aleksandar Vucic, won the elections. In addition, from the beginning of the former Commissioner for Human Rights in Serbia, Sasha Jankovic, who supported the protesters, and the runner-up in the presidential elections can not be considered as a potential leader of the united Serbian opposition.

Third, from the outset looks problematic main requirement protesters - the cancellation of the results of the first round of the presidential elections and the repeat voting. The participants of the action said they found a "potential" stealing votes in favor Aleksandar Vucic in the number 319 thousand. However, even if this is the case, the redistribution of the above vote is unlikely to cast doubt on the results of the presidential elections, as Vucic was ahead in the first round Sashu Yankovicha with a much greater advantage: 2.012.788 597.728 votes against votes from Jankovic.

Fourth, the current protests in Serbia much more than during the anti-government protests in the countries of the former Soviet Union or in other hot spots "Maidan area", there are the requirements of socio-economic nature. Among the slogans that sound in front of the National Assembly of Serbia, the biggest popularity of the slogan: "The people are hungry - the elite rejoices."

Tellingly, even the Serbian media may not understand the contradictory interweaving of the protesters demands. For example, the Belgrade newspaper "Politika" quotes pronounced socio-economic demands, but said that the demonstrators "have expressed their dissatisfaction with the election results."

Apparently, it is the extreme vagueness of the requirements and the lack of a clear geopolitical discourse allow organizers of the action for such a long time to maintain the level of social tension, without investing in protest of a certain political content and increasing the chances to revise the results of the presidential election. In private conversations, the protesters in Belgrade are the most different, but always specific and personal reasons on which they are at a particular stage, joined the protests - from the desire to have their children after graduation did not have to look for work to go abroad, to aspirations coincide with a demonstration to march on matches popular football teams of the Belgrade "Partizan" and "Crvena Zvezda". It is striking that these motives have nothing to do with the classic "Maidan" and "color revolutions."

However, the threat of destabilization of Serbia still exists. And this threat is connected with the fact of working out models of rapid mobilization of social forces on anti-government and anti-government speeches. Especially under conditions of continued pressure on Western Serbia. such pressure goals are broad - from joining Serbia to the anti-Russian sanctions to the recognition of Kosovo's independence and the entry followed by Montenegro in NATO. And if the new president Aleksandar Vucic and progressives government will be in the eyes of the West is not enough accommodating and flexible, while "Serbian maidan" can be at any time razozhzhon in its traditional anti-state form.

A source: Strategic Culture Foundation

Author: Peter ISKENDEROV

Tags: Serbia protests, politicians, analysts