President Donald Trump said he did not want to involve his country in the settlement of the situation in Libya. "I do not see the role of the (US) in Libya. I think that the United States already play enough roles ", - assured the US leader, speaking at a joint press conference with Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni, who is on an official visit to Washington.
Paolo Gentiloni came to Donald Trump a month before the summit of the "Big Seven" - the end of May the Italian prime minister will take the American president in Sicily. On this island sometimes well seen Africa, which in Roman times was called Libya.
Through a country with such a title now goes to Europe, one of the main flows of refugees - after in 2011 year as a result of Western intervention was overthrown by Gaddafi and Libya itself collapsed. Now her neighbor Italy does not know how to build the country together - that is, does not know that the whole of Europe, but for the Italians it is a matter of national security. And they, in contrast to the British and French, have a vested interest in preventing the collapse of Libya - and are trying to attract to work on this US and Russia.
Preceded by Paolo Gentiloni Matteo Renzi (which may well return to the premiership after the next parliamentary elections, expected by the beginning of next year) has repeatedly tried to negotiate for joint EU action, the United States and Russia on the Libyan settlement. And now, the new Italian Prime Minister (Paolo Gentiloni led the study, only four months ago) raises the Libyan topic - in talks with Trump. What says Paolo Gentiloni?
"America has played a very important role to Libya did not consolidate a serious base for terrorism. Now, the activities must also be political and, therefore, should be co-operation between Italy and the United States and other partners in order to broaden the base approval Tripoli government. We need, the region needs a stable, unified Libya, because the divided and conflict-stricken Libya would be a worsening factor of instability. "
Behind these calls one cost - Rome wants Washington made an open bid for the unity of Libya. Then the Italians will be able to neutralize the game to consolidate the collapse of the country, which are some of the forces. "Some" - is speaking diplomatically - the reluctance to see Libya single suspect London and partly in Paris. And rightly suspect - although officially Britain and France in favor of the unity of Libya, their intelligence services are working to split the country.
From the published State Department correspondence Hillary Clinton knows that in March 2012-th she sent one of his aides about the intention of the French and British intelligence services divided Libya - in particular the fact that the staff of French intelligence (DGSE) and the British (MI6) conducted intensive work in Libya, to encourage the eastern tribes and civil society activists to the nomination of "soft" requirement of independence from the Tripoli government.
And now there is information that the supporters of the Libyan section supposedly has and surrounded by Trump.
The Guardian published a map of Libya the other day, reminding how before the beginning of 60 it was divided into three states: Tripolitania in the west, Cyrenaica in the east and Fezzan in the south (by the names and boundaries of the three Ottoman empires). According to the Guardian, one of Trump's advisors (now a member of the National Security Council) Sebastian Gorka, before the inauguration of Donald Trump, proposed to divide Libya into three states, drawing a conditional diagram of this project at a meeting with a high-ranking European diplomat. The publication writes that now Sebastian Gorka is seeking to become the special envoy of the US president for Libya.
It is clear that the position of one of the employees of the Trump on Libya does not mean that a similar approach should be followed by other members of his administration and the more he Trump. Nevertheless, it is clear that for the Italians it is important to know the views of the US administration and to prevent Libya section - because the section will make a permanent chaos reigns there.
At a press conference with Paolo Gentiloni Trump said that the two countries successfully cooperate in Afghanistan and are fighting with LIH * in Iraq and Syria. But the question of whether the United States should engage in "restoring order" in Libya, Trump answered in the negative:
"I do not think we should play some role in Libya. The United States and so roles enough. We have a role throughout. We effectively rid the world of LIH. I think this is the main goal, and that is what we are going to do in Iraq, Libya and elsewhere. But the task at some point would be made. And then we can go back home and to rebuild our country - what I intend to do. "
In this answer two things are remarkable. First, the very refusal of the US from military participation in Libyan affairs. Even Obama later admitted that participation in the Libyan operation was a mistake - true, he meant that the US had no plan for further action, and not the very fact of interference in the internal affairs of Israel. So Trump did not intend to fight in Libya - but his answer, he makes it clear that the settlement of the situation in this country is not among his priorities. That is, it is a European problem - as well as, by the way, Ukraine, or rather, the dispute over it with Russia. Trump shifts problems to Europe - both as created mostly by Europe itself (Libya), and those in which authorship belongs to the United States (Ukraine).
At the same time in the same Libya in US has its interests, and its people. Moreover, just in Libya, there is a possibility the United States and Russia work together - if the two countries come together on how to place a bet on the support of Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar controlling the east of the country and has a good chance again to combine all three parts of Libya into a single state. Moscow has openly expressed his support for the Haftarah, but also for the US, it is also not a stranger - he lived in exile in the United States and returned to Libya after 2011 years, too, with the help of the Americans for more than twenty years, this former officer of the Gaddafi army.
But the main thing Trump in a statement on Libya more. This is the reason, which he explained the reluctance to go into the problems of this country. Trump said that he is important to break the LIH, wherever it may be, but when it's over, "then we will be able to return home and to rebuild our country - what I intend to do." That is, the Trump again openly formulate its main goal: the United States too much involved in various business abroad, it is necessary to change this and start their own country.
This is the key position of the doctrine of presidential candidate Donald Trump - and it remains the essence of President Trump's foreign policy concept. He sets himself exactly this goal - but the methods for achieving it can be different. Including those that we observed in the last couple of weeks - with a blow to the Syrian airfield, with the escalation of the situation around North Korea. Trump plays, bluffs, attacks - but it's important not to confuse Trump's tactics with his strategy, to understand what goals he pursues. To return America home - and this, of course, meets the national interests of Russia.