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It became clear why Russia liberated the "Medzhlis"

It became clear why Russia liberated the "Medzhlis"

Tags: Russia, Turkey, Politics, Analytics, West

The Turkish court decided to release German human rights defender Peter Stoedtner and his colleague. This news only looks at first sight second-rate. In fact, we are dealing with what analysts often call a "Kremlin multitrack", aimed at increasing the prestige of Russia.

European human rights activists were arrested in Istanbul 5 July during a seminar titled "Digital Security and Information Management". They were all accused of supporting an unnamed terrorist organization. The night before, Stoedtner and the liberated Iranian-born human rights defender Ali Garawi arrived at the Tegel airport in Berlin.

It would seem, little news from the field of bilateral German-Turkish relations. What does Russia have to do with it? If you examine in detail, it turns out that very much even with it - if not for Moscow and personally Vladimir Putin, Stoedtner and his comrades could go free very, very long time.

First: the former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder reportedly mediates in negotiations for the release of a German citizen. "I am very grateful to Gerhard Schröder for his mediation," said German Foreign Minister Zigmar Gabriel.

The secret meeting of Shreder and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan took place in September and, as DW writes, "provided a breakthrough in the negotiations."

Second: on Wednesday, Vladimir Putin decided to pardon the leaders of the Mejlis of the Crimean-Tatar people * Akhtem Chiyhoz and Ilmi Umerov. Both policies are already in Turkey. According to the former head of the Majlis, Verkhovna Rada deputy Mustafa Dzhemilev, it was Erdogan who acted as an intermediary in the negotiations between Moscow and Kiev on the release of prisoners.

President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko on Twitter also thanked for the help in the liberation of "our heroes" personally of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Third: Gerhard Schroeder is not only the former chancellor, but also the head of the board of directors of Rosneft. His friendly relations with Vladimir Putin are not a secret for the media and society. But no one has ever heard that the former chancellor is in a special relationship with Erdogan.

Fourth: Kiev was extremely surprised by the release of Chiygoz and Umerov, without any response from Moscow. "We know for sure that this is not an exchange. That is, on the return route to Russia no one will go, "said Deputy Minister of Information Policy of Ukraine Emine Dzepparova.

Fifth: 21 October the next telephone conversation between Putin and Erdogan took place. As stated in the message on the Kremlin website, "it is agreed to continue personal contacts." In general, "the conversation was businesslike and constructive, aimed at strengthening interaction both on the bilateral and regional agenda."

Probably enough. The fact that the liberation of the Majlis and European human rights activists are interrelated events, not coincidentally coinciding, is quite obvious.

As a result, Schroeder personally, in addition to the liberated ones himself, proves his political weight and ability to solve delicate problems not only in relations with Russia.

For his part, Erdogan confirmed his contractual ability and readiness to make compromises even in matters of principle for him.

But the main beneficiary was Russia, which at once solved several political tasks.

First, the severity of the problem with the Mejlis has been removed. Despite the fact that this Ukrainian organization for a long time does not represent anyone but themselves, in Western and Turkish media they are still called "representatives of the Crimean-Tatar people". The liberation of Chyigoz and Umerov is a gesture of goodwill, confirming that there are no unsolvable problems for Crimean Tatars within Russia and can not be. For the large Crimean-Tatar diaspora in Turkey, this is important.

Secondly, the release of "Medzhlis" from one side and German human rights activists, on the other hand, stressed the status of Russia as a country capable of negotiating and negotiating with Turkey. Ankara is positioning itself as an independent player, and in the issue of refugees, and in the Syrian issue, and even in NATO, it remains self-sufficient, although there is no question of leaving the military unit of the bloc, as France did in 1966. In any case, the state wishing to achieve something from Turkey is more likely to resort to Russian aid.

Third, the demonstration of good personal relations between Putin and Erdogan is a confirmation of the firmness of the agreements on the construction of the Turkish Stream and the possibility of the heads of state to solve the emerging problems through compromises, not pressure and sanctions.

Fourth, raising the political status of Schroeder is important for Moscow in the face of continuing uncertainty over the construction of the second stage of the Nord Stream and Washington's pressure on Berlin and other European states to force them to abandon cheap Russian gas in favor of a more expensive liquefied American.

In general, the operation performed is a mnogohodovochka, so beloved by many analysts, in Putin's style. And, it is quite possible, the liberation of European human rights activists is far from the last move in this political and economic game.

One way or another, Russia has once again proved itself as a significant player in real politics, decisive for the fate of people and influencing economic processes in different countries, and not in questionable PR steps like trying to disconnect Russian media from American social networks.

And, unlike the US, whose sanctions and power politics are causing more and more irritation around the world, Russia is engaged in resolving problems, rather than exacerbating existing ones and creating new ones.

* Organization, in respect of which the court accepted an inured decision on liquidation or prohibition of the activity on the grounds provided the Federal Law "On Countering Extremist Activity"

Anton Krylov
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