Mf, 83 inv., 21, 1-11
And when they drew near to Jerusalem and came to Bethphage to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them, "Go to the village that is in front of you; and immediately you will find the donkey tied and the young ass with it; untie it, bring it to me; and if anyone tells you anything, answer that they are necessary to the Lord; and will immediately send them. Yet all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying, "Say to the daughter of Zion: Behold, your king is coming to you, meek, sitting on an ass and a colt, a donkey." The disciples went and did as Jesus had commanded them: they brought the donkey and the young donkey, and put their clothes on them, and He sat on top of them. Many people spread their clothes along the way, while others cut branches from trees and spread them along the road; The people who preceded and accompanied, exclaimed: Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest! And when he entered into Jerusalem, the whole city was moved and said: who is this? The people said: This is Jesus, the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.
The Feast of the Palm Sunday begins for us Holy Week. During these few days, the Lord will complete His earthly life. In this end, everything will be done. As He Himself will say in His last words on the Cross: "It is finished!"
Today we joyfully celebrate our entry into these holy and great days. The entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem is revealed as a prophecy. And like every prophecy, he reveals everything. The minds and hearts of those who participate in it, is far from clear and purely perceive what is happening. It will take a whole series of events to get clarity and purity.
"Hosanna to the Son of David!" - the people are greeting the Lord. With these exclamations, all the hopes of the Old Testament, all the promises of God, are gathered in Christ. King David for the people's tradition and for the most authentic faith of Israel remains an unshakable sign of the fulfillment of God's promises. By the Spirit, it was announced to David that his kingdom would have no end. And the posterity was promised to him, which will receive the throne of the father, and to whom the anointing will be given to the eternal kingdom. Out of this promise, the image of the Messiah is born, the Whom everyone expected. The Messiah must be the Messiah, the King. He will establish His throne in Jerusalem.
The entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem reveals this victorious Messiah. The Messenger of God enters His City. From the height of His sitting, the signs of His ministry, the Lord receives the rapturous cries of the crowd. People cut off branches, throw flowers before Him. The Messiah is introduced into His dominion. Happy disciples see with their own eyes the fulfillment of what the Lord has revealed to them alone. "Where should we go? You alone have the words of eternal life. " "Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God" (John 6, 68-69). They feel like winners. They are Teacher's friends. They believe that all that they left to follow Him will return to them a hundredfold, as He said. They "shall sit on twelve thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel."
However, we know that this triumph of the Lord will not last long. The terrible Passion and the Cross, announced by us today's holiday, will be indicated with the utmost obviousness and for them. It will be enough for several days, that everyone, students and people, forget the celebration of Palm Sunday. Moreover, his entrance into Jerusalem will be declared a deceit on His part. In fact, everyone will say, He lacks much, as the ancient prophets proclaim. But the entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem was righteous and true. In him was the beginning of a great commission. It was a prophecy about the fulfillment and celebration of Easter, something no one could imagine.
"And when he entered into Jerusalem, the whole city was moved and said: who is this?" Everyone saw Him. Some were amazed at the unprecedented phenomenon, others laughed at the insignificance of the event. Some were filled with joy, others - high priests and Pharisees - with envy and indignation. So the minds and hearts of people respond differently to the approach of the Kingdom of Christ. The people of Jerusalem exclaim: "Who is this?" - as if they are the first to see Christ. The Holy One of God is not known in the Holy City. And until now, where Gethsemane and Golgotha are, all of our greatest shrines, and wherever the brightest light shines, where is the deepest confession of faith (like the unprecedented martyrdom in our Russia) - next to the living presence of Christ God - there may be more blindness and darkness than anywhere else. In Jerusalem Christ will be rejected and put to death. And in this city, and not somewhere, will be greeted by an enthusiastic crowd - those who seek Israel's earthly victory over the world - the Antichrist, because he will come in his name.
The Lord enters into His Passion, and this is the threshold of the Cross and death. May the light of His face be glorified on us - the true God, the condemned, incomprehensible God, whom the people will reject, from whom the apostles themselves will scatter. Who can accommodate, so that salvation is accomplished through defeat? Who could ever imagine that the omnipotence of God would be revealed through His total wreck? It is impossible to believe that the centuries of expectation, prophecy, hope that blossoms now in this day, ended in the death of the One who should save all. This can not be ever. This is madness. This is what the apostle will say in his inspired confession of faith: "We preach Christ crucified, tempted to Jews, Hellenes madness, but for us, the saved - God's wisdom and power" (1 Corinth 1, 23-25).
That's where the truth is. Our salvation, our deliverance today from all-destroying despondency lies in this. To see that our Lord is truly the Almighty, we must first of all know God as a love that gives itself all away. And this love, this Kingdom of God within us by the gift of Christ and His Cross, we must find. When evil triumphs, love does not cease to be love. And the omnipotence of God manifests itself in this love. It is beyond all understanding. But that our stone hearts become alive, there is only one way - the teaching of Christ's love. God, in Whom we believe, is not only the All-Power God, the Creator of heaven and earth, He is the God of love. He is love.
The Lord enters Jerusalem solemnly, because man has no faith, no trust in the omnipotence of love. He believes in the strength of his muscles or his weapons and that the Lord can multiply his strength. The Lord is coming to free passion, because man does not believe that only the power of love can transform the world. This is the error of the world, this is what is called sin. Believing in the omnipotence of love means rejecting any other power. It means defeating all fear. It means believing that love is stronger than any other force, provided that we rely only on this one force. There is only Christ entering the Holy City, without any illusions. He knows that He is the seed that must die, and now among the jubilation of the crowd He goes to his death. He gives himself into the hands of men, and all our rejection of this love is participation in His crucifixion.
The whole history of mankind is hidden from now on in this secret. "Today, the grace of the Holy Spirit is gathering us," so that suddenly we realize that the only evil, the only death that exists in the world, is our self-containedness and the rejection of the love of Him Who never ceases to love us.
Only love conquers death. Love, which is stronger than death, and this is our life of faith. Love is stronger than death only when it is wholly love, when it is not appearance. It is enough that love goes to the end and that it transmits to others that which is infinite, which is its eternal source. The last word is not death, but love. And at the entrance of the Lord to Jerusalem, His Cross and Resurrection are already present.
In, 41 inv., 12, 1-18
Six days before Easter Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was dead, whom He raised from the dead. There they prepared a supper for him, and Martha served, and Lazarus was one of those reclining with him. Mary, taking a pound of a backgammon pure and precious world, anointed the feet of Jesus and wiped her feet with her hair; and the house was filled with the fragrance of the world. Then one of his disciples, Judas Simonov Iscariot, who wanted to betray him, said: Why not sell this miro for three hundred denarii and give it to the poor? He said this not because he cared about the poor, but because he was a thief. He had a money box with him and wore that they lowered it. And Jesus said, Let her alone; she kept it for the day of my burial. For you always have the poor with you, but I am not always. Many of the Jews knew that He was there, and came not only for Jesus, but to see Lazarus, whom He raised from the dead. And the chief priests also laid to slay Lazarus, because for his sake many of the Jews came and believed in Jesus. The next day a multitude of people who came to the feast heard that Jesus was going to Jerusalem, took palm branches, went out to meet Him and exclaimed: Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord, King of Israel! Jesus, finding a young ass, sat on him, as it is written: "Do not be afraid, daughter of Zion!" Behold, your King is coming, sitting on a donkey. His disciples did not understand this at first; but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that it was written about Him, and they did it to Him. The people who were with Him before, testified that He called Lazarus out of the grave and raised him from the dead. That's why the people met him, because he heard that He created this miracle.
We heard today at the Liturgy in the Gospel about the Lord's meal in the house of Martha, Mary and Lazarus resurrected by him. And about the two images of the meeting of Christ going to death - Mary and Judah. The heart of Mary is torn from love to the Lord. She had a precious world of Pistikian nard. This miracle she pours on the feet of the Savior. And the graceless Judas reproaches her for waste. Judah - one of the disciples, the apostle, preacher of the Gospel - condemned the love of Christ. It is impossible to see - especially among the servants of God - those who extinguish the manifestations of piety and love. But it was he who betrayed Christ. And he will be with the high priests who betray him to death.
And the Church shows us the generosity of love. Mary took the most precious thing that she had, and spent all for the Lord. She gives everything and regrets only that she can not give more. In this love is her faith in Him as the Messiah, Christ, the Anointed One of God. God's Anointed One must be our Anointed One. And we must pour on Him the fragrance of our love. While the gospel is preached in the world, the whole Church will be filled with the fragrance of the anointing of Mary, in memory of what she did. How it fills today, on the Feast of the Entry of the Lord into Jerusalem, "Angels praise and children chanting," and the love of those who love Him truly more than the world and everything in the world.
The entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem is an event that involves the resurrection of Lazarus and the anointing of the Lord in Bethany. The resurrection of Lazarus could not help but shock everyone. From the time it was not seen that anyone rose from the dead, and even the quadruped, with all the signs of disintegration. And as soon as rumors spread, everyone rushed to the scene to see it with their own eyes. All life was centered around Christ, and the Jewish authorities, who had been plotting for a long time to kill the Lord, realized that after Lazarus's resurrection, it was no longer possible to delay. External and internal circumstances coincided. And the Lord Almighty, after He showed His absolute authority over death, resurrecting Lazarus from the dead, after Mary anointed His body with a precious world, about which He said as His anointing for burial, is coming to the free Passion - the Cross , in order to fulfill the Gospel to the end, the good news of God's love for people, to show her the deed.
His whole life from Christmas to Epiphany, from the entrance to the public ministry with the words "Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand" until today's Entry into Jerusalem - the bloom of a miracle. Beginning with the first miracle in Cana of Galilee, when He, by the humble request of the Mother of God, turned water into a good wine, and ending with the last miracle that He performed in the house of His most precious friends Lazarus, Mary and Martha - the most faithful of all believers in Him .
At the prayer of Mary, Sister Lazarus, the Lord raises him to life and also manifests His glory, as stated in the Gospel of the first miracle. But then He told the Mother of God that His hour had not come. Now, three years later, His hour has come. There are no more obstacles to doing a miracle. The Lord himself speaks about this in the Gospel: "The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified" (John 12, 23). "Now the Son of Man is glorified, and God is glorified in Him" (John 13, 31). The Lord always walks this way, and only for those who believe in Him, He performs miracles and reveals His glory.
Even earlier, in a secret conversation with Nicodemus, the Lord said that man must change from being born again - from water and Spirit, to a new eternal life. Even Nicodemus, the teacher of Israel, who sought true faith, could not understand this. And now, resurrecting Lazarus from the dead, the Lord gave a sign of a complete change-the prophecy that this would happen to the whole human race. There was an insurmountable difficulty for those who had no faith in Him, so this unbelief leads them to the plan to kill both Lazarus and Christ. The plan of Satan, the murderer from the beginning, and his servants - to kill Christ. And not only Him, but the whole human race. Satan's intention is to kill the entire human race, while Christ wants to give life to all, and life is abundant, "assuring the common resurrection before His passion."
The resurrection of Lazarus reveals the death of Christ. Christ reveals himself openly, entering Jerusalem as the King of Israel, as Lord of the Temple, as the Lord, who, according to the prophet, "will suddenly come to the temple. And who can stand the day of His coming? "(Mal., 3, 1-2). The high priests and scribes, the keepers of the holy things and the secrets of faith, could not bear to see Him. Not because He enters Jerusalem and into the temple with glory all the transcendent, but, on the contrary, - precisely because His entrance, meek and humble - on a donkey - deceived their expectations. It is with complete rejection, humiliation, with hatred of the high priests that Easter begins. He is coming down lowly and meek, and this was incompatible with their dreams of the greatness of Israel.
Christ enters Jerusalem with narrow gates, and here the path of the Cross begins for those who love the truth. The Holy Week begins on Palm Sunday. On this day, Christ receives the greatest praises, and we with all the crowds cry out: "Hosanna! Save us in the highest, King of Israel! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord! "
But in the rejoicing of the people, in the greetings of the Christ who is going to die, it is revealed how deeply the fall of mankind is, how blind the people are before the light of the love of Christ. He removes them from death, and they betray him to death! Welcoming Christ, the crowds (and even His disciples) were expecting an earthly victory. They did not think that He was going to his death, and that was His tradition to die. We wonder how the shouts of "Hosanna!" Become the cries of "Crucify Him." But, verily, we could now hear the words of Christ spoken on the Cross: "Father! forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing. "(Luke 23, 34). And through this comes the Lord, the Winner of death.
"Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord!" Blessed is He that cometh to save the human race with the Passion of the Cross! The Lord speaks of the human race as a friend of God Lazarus: "This disease is not to death, but to the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified through it" (John 11, 4). "Rejoice, O Zion; behold, the Lord cometh forth, carried by the Seraphim, all that is contained in his hand, unto the steeds of the ass." "In fulfilling prophets preaching, in a prophet-destroying city comes Christ", to be killed and to save us from eternal death.
The Church knows that the rejection of Christ, the suffering in which He enters, - insults, zafusheniya, spitting, Cross - the secret of our salvation. God accepts meekly, that our suffering and death, thanks to Him, become the gift of God. In the world of criminal injustice, the Church of Martyrs and Confessors is entering a new trial today. But if we are in Christ, then the more our sufferings increase, the more will our participation in His Godfather increase. Moreover, our connection with His victory over death strengthens, with His Divine joy. Moreover, we learn His love for us.
The Lord enters Jerusalem, and the meaning of unjust suffering completely reverses. Earlier it was a sign of the blind tyranny of sin over the human race according to the law of sin, but now it becomes a measure of the gift of His glory and Resurrection. Defeated, we meet Him with branches in his hands and follow Him, "Wonders of a sign are wearing."