On the eve of US President Donald Trump significantly reduced program of the US Agency for International Development (USAID), and partially cutting the zeroing funding agency in the former Soviet Union countries.
By decision of Trump, the USAID is completely gone from the four countries with the lowest funding: Azerbaijan (was $ 7,7 million per year), Belarus (it was $ 7,9 million per year), Kazakhstan (was $ 6,1 million per year) and Turkmenistan (was $ 3,9 million in year).
The largest decrease in absolute numbers occurred with the USAID programs in Ukraine - funding will be reduced from $ 570,9 million per year to $ 177,8 million per year (ie, 68,8%). The percentage for those countries where USAID will still remain, most reduced agency work program in Armenia - from $ 17,6 million per year to $ 4 million per year (77%).
The program also reduced in Georgia (with $ 47,5 million per year to $ 28 million a year - to 41,1%), Kyrgyzstan (from $ 44,8 million per year to $ 18 million a year - to 59,9%) and Tajikistan (with $ 33 million per year to $ 17,3 million a year - to 47,6%). The only CIS country, whose support from USAID has grown, has become Uzbekistan - financing the Uzbek program increased by 4,4% (to $ 9,39 million per year to $ 9,8 million per year), thus changing its structure: most of the money will be directed to support the economy .
Moldova will receive $ 16 million per year instead of $ 30,431 million a year (- 47,4%),
A total of US USAID save $ 5,219 billion a year by reducing the worldwide program to 30,8%. Now the agency's annual budget will be $ 11,74 billion. Less likely to suffer from the curtailment of the Middle East (in 7,2%, to $ 1,732 billion per year to $ 1,607 billion per year) and African (on 13%, to $ 5,19 billion). Significantly expanded support for Iraq program - to 144,9%, to $ 122,5 billion per year to $ 300 billion a year. At USAID Syria will begin to spend more than 50% - now the Syrian program is $ 150 billion a year.
Asia-Pacific region will be funded at $ 227,163 million less per year (or 41,4%) and will receive only $ 321,35 million per year. USAID is almost gone from China to support the economy zeroed program, allocated $ 1,5 million to support health in the year. South and Central Asia will get to 27,7% less - $ 1,130 billion a year instead of $ 1,563 billion a year.
In Europe, through USAID programs cut by 57,4% - to $ 854 million per year to $ 363,88 million per year. Canceled the program in Poland and Montenegro. In the Americas, funding agencies reduced by 38,9% - to $ 1,08 billion per year to $ 662 million per year. Canceled the program in Brazil, Cuba, Ecuador, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Paraguay and Venezuela.
As I noted in an interview with the correspondent of "Vestnik Kavkaza" US Director of the Center for Roosevelt at MSU named after M. V. LomonosovaYuri Rogulev, thus Washington reduces inefficient spending in accordance with plans to reduce foreign policy activity. "As a rule, these funds were, ultimately, not to help the states, but to help advance American influence in them, which led to the fact that the money allocated by USAID was largely dispersed. is not comparable to the costs that were spent for this purpose.The United States began to remind the USSR in some measure in recent years, when assistance was provided to a huge number of states, which was of an important social and political nature, but Moscow's capabilities themselves were not greatly increased from this, - reverse l attention it.
"In this case, President Donald Trump, who has set the task of reviving the American economy, is seeking funds to carry out its programs, which requires cutting some of the other programs, so that the costs of foreign policy activity are reduced, which, from his point of view, does not bring special dividends of the USA and is not vital, as it extends to those regions that are very far from American national interests. The saving regime is the only thing that it can do, because Trump about schal also cut taxes while increasing military spending and the money is not so easy to find in the US budget for this and similar reduction in USAID programs, "-. said Yuri Rogulev.
Director of the Institute of Political StudiesSergei Markovagreed that this is a reflection of Trump's policy of "less directing other countries and more solving the problems of America." "It will, of course, lead to a certain decrease in America's influence in the world, but also to improve the situation, because at times America's influence is counterproductive." The classical version is Ukraine, it seems to me that the US government is looking for ways of finding a compromise in Ukraine and emerging from the conflict. for the most part, the propagandists of the Kiev regime, and if the Ukrainian media starts to get less money, they will become less supportive of terrorist activities in Kiev's practice, in particular, the blockade of Donbass. yes, can, and will remain, but there is no such obvious glorification of anti-human actions of the Kiev regime, what we see now on Ukrainian television, "- the analyst expects.
According to him, there will be no drastic changes from USAID's partial withdrawal from the post-Soviet space, but US pressure on Russia's neighbors will decrease. "Trump proposed to reduce American activity in various countries not because he is an ardent opponent of USAID, but because in recent years the agency's activities are counterproductive.It does not work for Americans to do everything well, on the contrary, whole regions fall into a chaotic situation: Egypt, Libya, Syria, Iraq, Ukraine The anti-Russian activity in the CIS countries will certainly decrease, as it has been largely done with American money, as a whole, the situation on our borders will stabilize, as money for destabilization will be T he longer, "- concluded Sergey Markov.