The decision to withdraw Germany from its military base from the Incirlik airbase in Turkey was greeted with malicious remarks. "They can do whatever they want," Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said. But in Berlin, on the contrary, they are much more balanced and stress that this step is aimed at reducing tension in relations with Ankara.
Germany began to withdraw its military from the airbase "Injirlik" in Turkey. Thus, Berlin has already begun to implement the decision taken earlier by the Cabinet of Ministers. At the Turkish base, about 270 German servicemen, six Tornado reconnaissance aircraft and one tanker were deployed. The government of Germany intends to transfer them to Jordan. First of all, the refueler and 20 personnel will be transferred, in total the transfer can take, according to preliminary estimates, up to three months.
This contingent was deployed in Turkey as part of an international anti-imperial coalition led by the United States participating in the conflict in Syria. German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen said that German aircraft were an important part of the operations in the UAR. At the same time, this is a very small grouping of troops, which is, rather, an auxiliary character. Therefore, there will be no serious problem from its inaccessibility for several months. In this situation, the political effect is more important.
German relations approach the critical point
The withdrawal of the German military is a new critical point in Turkish-German relations. The decision of Germany was made in connection with the fact that Turkey resolutely refuses to launch German parliamentarians to the military base recently. Ankara does not give any intelligible explanations to its refusal, saying only about the peculiarities of the internal situation. However, if we look at the development of relations between the two countries in the last two years, everything falls into place.
In fact, their degradation began last year after the recognition of the Armenian Genocide by the German parliament, which Turkey categorically denies. The next blow to the dialogue between the countries was the attempt of a military coup in Turkey. President of the country Recep Tayyip Erdogan accused the West of complicity in the organizers of the coup, criticized him, primarily the FRG, for refusing to extradite the alleged conspirators and granting them asylum. Berlin, like other Western capitals, in turn, accused Erdogan of trying to kill political opponents and establish an authoritarian regime in the country.
In the future, the situation only continued to deteriorate. In March, the German authorities refused to allow Turkish ministers to speak in the country (although their statements were agreed), which Erdogan dubbed "a return to Nazi rhetoric." The next critical point was a referendum on the form of government in Turkey, which expanded the power of the president. Germany and other Western countries expectedly met with hostility. The exchange of picks after that, of course, continued - the Turkish president continued his loud anti-German statements, the Germans even went so far as to prevent Erdogan from speaking in front of the local Turkish community in the margins of the G-20 summit.
Turks demonstrate a sharp mood
The Turkish reaction to the decision of the German Cabinet on the withdrawal of troops from the air base "Incirlik" can be described as a quiet gloating. At the same time, local politicians clearly tried to emphasize the absolute insignificance of this for Turkey, as well as the fact that they themselves did not push anything to this FRG, and this was its own decision.
Erdogan said: "If Germany decided to leave the" Incirlik ", then we can say" goodbye ". Mevlut Cavusoglu, Minister of Foreign Affairs, continued the same line: "We will not beg. They were the ones who wanted to come (to the Turkish air base - a comment VZGLYAD) and we helped them. " "They can do whatever they want," Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said.
Some even more radical Turkish politicians, as RIA Novosti reports, did say that this decision will not only affect Turkey, but even benefit it. In their opinion, this will strengthen security in the region. Furthermore. He believes that it would be worthwhile to withdraw from the country and NATO troops, as the bloc only introduces an internal split in Turkey.
Does this mean a complete break of Berlin with Ankara?
Contrary to the loud statements of the Turks, it is not worth mentioning any final rupture. Neither with Germany, nor, especially, with NATO. First, Turkish politicians are famous for their harsh statements. Secondly, they are clearly trying to demonstrate their determination, strength and intransigence in order to achieve concessions and revision of Berlin's line and other European capitals towards Ankara. The Turks also emphasize their independence and significance in international affairs.
Erdogan is now pursuing a similar policy on the alternation of rapprochement and separation in almost all directions. With the same Europe, he cooperates in many areas, at least take a migration agreement with the EU. Despite a noticeable cooling in relations with the United States, Ankara continues to support many decisions of the American leadership, for example, a blow at the air base "Shayrat" in Syria, and overall cooperation between the countries does not stop. And Turkey's relations with Russia, as is known, regularly experience ups and downs.
Another nuance is that Germany, with all its attempts to exert influence on Turkey, clearly does not intend to go to the full gap. That is why German politicians are much more restrained in their statements and stress the necessity of their withdrawal from the Turkish air base. German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that the withdrawal of German troops would avoid further disputes with Ankara about visiting the base by German parliamentarians. And the German Defense Ministry called its Turkish counterpart to notify the decision and thank for providing the airbase.
"We can now concentrate on discussing other issues," Merkel said. "There are enough difficulties, but I do not see in this step a situation from which the situation may deteriorate." She also stressed that Germany and Turkey have many common interests and the countries need to continue the dialogue.
At the same time, it can be said with certainty that relations with Ankara will be a very serious and painful challenge for Berlin's foreign policy over the next period. And one can hardly expect a warming in the dialogue for a long time.