Prisons in 13 countries in Europe are overcrowded and the number of prisoners in them significantly exceeds the number of seats. This is evidenced by the data published on Tuesday by the Council of Europe annual report "Statistics of Prison Institutions" (SPACE).
According to his data, a particularly unfavorable situation developed in the prisons of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, as well as in Hungary (according to 132 prisoners at 100 places). They are followed by Cyprus (127), Belgium (120) and France (117). Also on this list are, in particular, Portugal (109), Italy (109) and Albania (108).
"There are practically no empty seats in the prisons of Europe, the average figure is nine prisoners at 10 places," the report stresses. It notes that in Europe, and continues to increase, and such an important indicator as the number of prisoners per 100 thousand people. For the period from 2015 to 2016 year, it increased from the mark in 115,7 to 117,1. Earlier, after 2012, when the indicator was equal to 125,6, there was an opposite tendency to increase the number of unoccupied places in prisons.
Experts of the Council of Europe believe that, in the first place, the current phenomenon is due to the increase in the length of time within the framework of the tendency to strengthen the fight against crime in a number of countries. Currently, the average length of a person's stay in prison is equal in Europe to 8,5 months.
The number released from prison has decreased from 2014 in 142 in 100 thousand people to 135 in 2015. The average number of prisoners per supervisor was three people in 2016 year, which corresponds to the levels of 2014 and 2015.
According to the report, "the number of foreign prisoners in European prisons in recent years has a general downward trend, except for the period of 2015-2016, when it increased from 10,8% to 11,6%.
Women make up only a small part of the prisoners in European prisons. This figure is only 5,3%. At the same time, 24,2% of them are in pre-trial detention.