The international conference on Cyprus, will open on Thursday in Geneva with the participation of foreign ministers of Britain, Greece and Turkey, as well as representatives of the European Union.
As expected, the main topics of the meeting will be questions of security guarantees for the implementation of the agreements reached between the President of the Republic of Cyprus Nicos Anastasiades and Turkish Cypriot leader Mustafa Akinci. However, experts do not exclude a new failure in the settlement as a lot of progress during the dialogue was reached communities.
Work still remains
The beginning of the conference was preceded by the intercommunal talks, which started on Monday in Geneva UN office. On their side were to discuss issues related to the territorial division of the future of the Federal Republic, its location in the European Union, security issues, economics, ownership, and management of a single country.
According to the Special Adviser to the UN on the Cyprus settlement Espen Barth Eide, the Secretary General, the participants meet in Geneva for three days, "we discussed the most difficult issues, and many of them decided," but "work remains", despite the fact that the delegations sat up until midnight. On Wednesday morning the differences remained on 24 issues related to federal governance and property.
On Wednesday, for the first time, there was an exchange of cards between the leaders of the two communities. In the presence of Eide and the UN cartographer, the parties provided their vision for the territorial division of the future of Cyprus, and these maps were deposited with the UN until the negotiation process was completed. However, they will not be published unless the negotiators reach an agreement.
According to some, it is a question of the assignment by the Greek-Cypriot territory 28,2% in favor of the Turkish Cypriots, despite the desire to get the latest 29,2%. The resulting separation can be 28,6-28,7% range. At a press conference, Eide said that "one of the parties may be ready to provide any territory which is under their control for several years, and where people lived," adding that this is a very sensitive issue for both communities.
It is also known that after the conclusion of an agreement on Cyprus would remain a federal republic in the European Union. "For us it is very important when combining the country to make sure that the Federal Republic has been a full member of the EU in accordance with EU principles ... For us it was a logical active participation of EU representatives in the process, since we are dealing with a member of the EU, which will be an EU member," - said yesterday Eide.
Are expected to reach agreement on all aspects of the settlement will be put to a referendum. However, during the current discussions on the date of the vote has not been resolved.
The main hope in the promotion of the Cyprus UN experts associated with the process of holding an international conference on Thursday with the participation of heads of the Foreign Ministry of the guarantor countries: UK - Boris Johnson, Turkey - Mevlut Cavusoglu and Greece - Nikos Kotziasa. As well as the EU observers, whose delegation will include European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and Foreign Minister Federica Mogherini.
At the same time, the arrival on Thursday in Geneva of the Foreign Ministers of the guarantor countries, and not the top management of these states indicates that a major breakthrough in mezhkiprskih discussions have not yet occurred, moreover, it is possible another failure in the settlement. On Monday, he Eide noted that the holding of an international summit conference in Geneva will be effective only if the negotiations would be a great advance.
At a press conference Wednesday, special adviser, however, welcomed the visit of the Geneva office of the UN Johnson, Cavusoglu and Kotziasa, adding that in any case it will be a historic event.
"What will happen tomorrow, whatever the result - it is a historic event because for the first time the guarantor countries will meet with the parties and to discuss very difficult issues of security and guarantees a matter of fact, the main guarantee of security, which will be accompanied by the Cyprus process and when the debate... starts tomorrow, we do not think that it will end tomorrow, but we expect to see that it was a good start, "- he said.
Eide also said that the upcoming discussions, do not have fixed deadlines and may even last until the weekend, and depending on progress, the meeting may have come and of the Turkish and Greek governments.
Indirectly, the likely duration of the upcoming meetings indicated by the fact that the journalists were sent on the eve of an maintenance of parking cars on the territory of the United Nations Geneva Office, which stated that this information will be updated, if it is decided to extend the security measures.
As of Wednesday evening, an international conference will begin at 11.00 (13.00 MSK) and the first closed session will continue until 13.00 (15.00 MSK). After that, the UN secretary general, Antonio Guterres, along with community leaders will speak to the press. The second part of a closed plenary session will start at 18.00 (20.00 MSK).