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Sun protection: 7 things that you doubted

Answering questions about the protection of the skin from the sun, which still somehow remained unclear.

Icon "clear" in weather forecast - a sign that it is time to strengthen the protection of the skin from UV light. If you still have any questions on this matter, we are pleased to answer them.

1. Can I use a cream with an SPF as a day?

As a rule, sunscreen has additional functions: moisturizing, nutrition, matting. And in the formulas - antioxidants and vitamins. So you will not be mistaken if in spring and summer replace your usual day cream with SPF. However, it is necessary to spend time and money on search of a product which will suit your skin in all parameters, including a texture. "In fact, it does not matter how you apply the product with SPF - over the usual cream or as an independent tool," says Clinique training manager Elena Grishechkina. "But if the skin is very dehydrated or there are signs of aging on it, then it is not worth neglecting the care cream."


Toning care against age spots SPF 50 and moisturizing fluid for activating sunburn SPF 50, all Ideal Soleil Vichy; Antioxidant emulsion Drops of Youth SPF 20, The Body Shop.

2. Sunscreen is better to apply make-up or on top of it?

The most logical sequence, of course, "moisturizing - cream with SPF - makeup." But if for some reason the order had to be changed (for example, forget about sun protection, while flush concealer, blush tonalnik and there is no time), do not worry, on the protective function of the order of application is not affected. The main thing that means with SPF fluid has a light texture and not to smear makeup. "Apply for solar control 20-30 minutes before going outdoors in such an amount as to form a thin film on the skin. And then, as usual, is updated every couple of hours "- advises Elena Grishechkina.

3. Is it really necessary sun protection Darkie who never burn?

Fortunately, the man is such that his skin is by nature has a natural level of an SPF, which provides partial protection from ultraviolet radiation. But this protection is different depending on phototype and the amount of protective pigment - melanin, which is produced by the sun in the lower layers of the epidermis. Total recovered 6 phototypes, and representatives 4-, 5- and 6-th really tan without burning.


sunscreens
creams: Cellular Collagen Boosting Cream SPF 15, Excellance Moscow; Eclipse SPF 50, is Clinical; M Ceutic SPF 50, Thalgo; Cell Shock White SPF 50, Swiss Line; Day Cream SPF 20, Retinol.

First of all these words are addressed to the words of Natalia Medvedeva, a dermatologist and medical expert of the brand La Roche-Posay: "Although burns and redness to the owners of swarthy skin do not threaten, protect it from the negative effects of UV rays. First, the reactions that occur in the skin under the influence of ultraviolet, are the main cause of the appearance of wrinkles and other age signs (pigment spots, dilated vessels). Secondly, the sun's rays can provoke the appearance of malignant tumors on the skin. And, thirdly, they reduce the immunity not only of the skin, but of the whole organism. To protect the skin representatives of 4-6-th phototypes are suitable means with SPF 30, and in regions with increased insolation - SPF 50. "

4. Is it true that the oils of some plants act as sunscreens?

True. Natural vegetable oils do have a sunscreen effect, but one should not be deceived: the protection factor is low and can not compete with cosmetic protective means. "According to the results of the study pharmacognosists, the level of sun protection of olive oil with a deep greenish-yellow tint is about SPF 8," explains Natalia Medvedeva. - In sesame oil - SPF 4. Coconut oil also counteracts the oxidative processes occurring in the skin under the influence of UV radiation, but the SPF assessment of this oil is not exactly called, in various studies the level from 4 to 10 is mentioned. "


Sunscreen Lip Balm: "Intensive protection» SPF 15, Nivea; Balm Lipstick SPF 10, Paese; Pro Triple Protection Factor Lip Balm SPF 30, Elizabeth Arden.

5. Whether powder is able to replace the SPF sunscreen?

Yes, they are now producing powder with a high SPF and a broad spectrum of protection against rays A and B, but you also need to handle it accordingly: apply thickly so that no UV ray is leaked, and make sure that this density is maintained. Although it is unlikely that this make-up will suit you in warm weather. But talking about the funds with a low SPF 15-20 as a full-fledged alternative to sunscreen is not necessary. Make-up with SPF, if you consider it as an independent defense, is good on a cloudy day, and even then in the city. In other circumstances, it is better to apply a medium with a light texture and a high sunscreen factor as a base for make-up. A powder to use for beauty.

6. Does SPF save from pigmentation, if it is hormonal in nature?

No. Means with SPF, like any other ways to combat pigmentation, work only in conjunction with the "tuning" of hormones. The problem must be solved from within, otherwise the pigment will return. This is sure Yulia Shcherbatova, Ph.D., doctor dermatologist and dermatocosmetologist: "The causes of hyperpigmentation are often either genetic (for example, vitiligo), or hormonal. Pigment formation is controlled by hormones - melanocyte-stimulating, estrogen, thyroid hormones and adrenal glands. There are cases when the hormones themselves are produced in the right amount, but the liver does not cope with their utilization, and the hormonal background rises, which leads to hyperpigmentation. "


Sunscreen Spray: Face Perfect Protect SPF 50, Paese; Anti-Aging Sun Sensi SPF 50, Payot; Spray oil Virtu body Oil Body Mist SPF 30, Clinique.

In short, if you have problems with pigment - first to the endocrinologist, and only then - to the beautician. By the way, if there was a pigmentation after laser or peeling, it is a problem with hormones you already had. And that's not the "season" procedures, as is commonly believed, but in the doctor's responsibility, who appointed the procedure revealed no contraindications "- Julia Shcherbatova, MD, a physician-dermatologist, Dermatosurgery

7. Do I need cosmetics with SPF those who spend the summer in the city and not on the sea?

Required. The scheme is the same: to apply daily, updated every couple of hours. "Apply only enough of them on the face, hands and chest area. Firstly, these body parts are "on the street" all the time, and secondly, it is in these areas of the skin most of all genetically prone to the formation of pigment, "- warns Julia Shcherbatova.

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